Abstract

We investigate the dynamics of a novel multiwavelength generator in which cascaded–stimulated Brillouin scattering and Rayleigh scattering are automatically balanced to given an evenly spaced (9.4-GHz), highly flattened <3dB optical frequency comb over a 57.2-nm span. The extended effective length for the relevant nonlinear processes from the distributed Raman gain and the reduced Brillouin threshold from the seeding effect of Rayleigh backscattered waves are considered to be the key factors that explain the operation of this structure.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Chow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, Electron. Lett. 32, 1298 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 185 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. J. Cowle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 34–35.
  6. K.-D. Park, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.
  7. I. L. Fabelinskii, Molecular Scattering of Light (Plenum, New York, 1968).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. P. Lees, P. C. Wait, M. J. Cole, and T. P. Newson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 126 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).
  10. W. Kaiser and M. Maier, Laser Handbook (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Vol. 2.
  11. K. Mochizuki, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1328 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 120, 34 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1998

G. P. Lees, P. C. Wait, M. J. Cole, and T. P. Newson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

J. Chow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, Electron. Lett. 32, 1298 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

K. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 120, 34 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1986

K. Mochizuki, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1976

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 185 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Chow, J.

J. Chow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cole, M. J.

G. P. Lees, P. C. Wait, M. J. Cole, and T. P. Newson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

G. J. Cowle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 34–35.

Fabelinskii, I. L.

I. L. Fabelinskii, Molecular Scattering of Light (Plenum, New York, 1968).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 185 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hotate, K.

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, Electron. Lett. 32, 1298 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 120, 34 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 185 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

W. Kaiser and M. Maier, Laser Handbook (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Vol. 2.

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 185 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Lees, G. P.

G. P. Lees, P. C. Wait, M. J. Cole, and T. P. Newson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Maier, M.

W. Kaiser and M. Maier, Laser Handbook (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Vol. 2.

Mochizuki, K.

K. Mochizuki, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

G. P. Lees, P. C. Wait, M. J. Cole, and T. P. Newson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Park, K.-D.

K.-D. Park, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.

Park, N.

N. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wait, P. C.

G. P. Lees, P. C. Wait, M. J. Cole, and T. P. Newson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, Electron. Lett. 32, 1298 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 185 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, Electron. Lett. 32, 1298 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Chow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees, P. C. Wait, M. J. Cole, and T. P. Newson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 126 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

K. Mochizuki, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

K. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 120, 34 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

W. Kaiser and M. Maier, Laser Handbook (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Vol. 2.

G. J. Cowle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 34–35.

K.-D. Park, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 11–13.

I. L. Fabelinskii, Molecular Scattering of Light (Plenum, New York, 1968).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: abbreviations are defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Effects of Raman pump power on (a) backward-propagating spectral lines and (b) forward-propagating spectral lines (resolution bandwidth, 0.01 nm with the 1465-nm pump on and the 1480-nm YFL power off).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comb profile near the critical pump power (forward–backward spectrum. Resolution bandwidth, 0.01 nm with all the three pumping sources on).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Closer look at (a) the optimized multiwavelength comb over (b) the full spectral range near the center. Resolution bandwidth 0.01 nm.

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