Abstract

We present a diode-pumped, double-clad Yb:YAG waveguide laser that contains an integrated section of a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber for passive Q switching. Using two 4-W polarization-coupled, broad-striped diode-pumped lasers, we obtained 30µJ pulses of 1.6-ns duration at repetition rates of as much as 77 kHz. The slope efficiency was 50% with respect to absorbed pump power, with a maximum output average power of 2.3 W and a peak power of 18 kW. The output beam was single lobed, with M2 values as great as 1.5×1.3. We also demonstrate a passively Q-switched Nd:YAG waveguide laser of similar design, operating at 1.064 µm and 946 nm.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Bhutta, J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, and R. J. Beach, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1539 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, S. C. Mitchell, and R. J. Beach, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  6. R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, O. R. Meissner, W. F. Krupke, J. M. McMahon, W. J. Bennett, and D. P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 26, 881 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. D. Patel and R. J. Beach, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 707 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, J. Xu, W. Chen, and X. Xie, Appl. Opt. 40, 4303 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. J. Zayhowski, Opt. Mater. 11, 255 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, D. P. Shepherd, R. J. Beach, and S. C. Mitchell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 222 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. A. Lagatsky, A. Abdolvand, and N. V. Kuleshov, Opt. Lett. 25, 616 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2002

T. Bhutta, J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, and R. J. Beach, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, D. P. Shepherd, R. J. Beach, and S. C. Mitchell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, S. C. Mitchell, and R. J. Beach, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, O. R. Meissner, W. F. Krupke, J. M. McMahon, W. J. Bennett, and D. P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 26, 881 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Patel and R. J. Beach, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 707 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, J. Xu, W. Chen, and X. Xie, Appl. Opt. 40, 4303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Lagatsky, A. Abdolvand, and N. V. Kuleshov, Opt. Lett. 25, 616 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. J. Zayhowski, Opt. Mater. 11, 255 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abdolvand, A.

Beach, R. J.

T. Bhutta, J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, and R. J. Beach, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, D. P. Shepherd, R. J. Beach, and S. C. Mitchell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Patel and R. J. Beach, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 707 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, S. C. Mitchell, and R. J. Beach, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, O. R. Meissner, W. F. Krupke, J. M. McMahon, W. J. Bennett, and D. P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 26, 881 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, W. J.

Bhutta, T.

T. Bhutta, J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, and R. J. Beach, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bonner, C. L.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, J. Xu, W. Chen, and X. Xie, Appl. Opt. 40, 4303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Deng, P.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, J. Xu, W. Chen, and X. Xie, Appl. Opt. 40, 4303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, J. Xu, W. Chen, and X. Xie, Appl. Opt. 40, 4303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Equall, R.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Graf, M.

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harder, C.

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hettrick, S. J.

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Honea, E. C.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheson, R.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kalisky, Y.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kravchik, L.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kullberg, M. P.

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Labbe, C.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

Li, C.

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, D. P. Shepherd, R. J. Beach, and S. C. Mitchell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Liu, Y.

Mackenzie, J. I.

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, D. P. Shepherd, R. J. Beach, and S. C. Mitchell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Bhutta, J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, and R. J. Beach, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, S. C. Mitchell, and R. J. Beach, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

McMahon, J. M.

Meissner, H. E.

R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, O. R. Meissner, W. F. Krupke, J. M. McMahon, W. J. Bennett, and D. P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 26, 881 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Meissner, O. R.

Mitchell, S. C.

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, D. P. Shepherd, R. J. Beach, and S. C. Mitchell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, O. R. Meissner, W. F. Krupke, J. M. McMahon, W. J. Bennett, and D. P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 26, 881 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, S. C. Mitchell, and R. J. Beach, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mix, E.

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Patel, F. D.

F. D. Patel and R. J. Beach, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 707 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rachum, U.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, D. P. Shepherd, R. J. Beach, and S. C. Mitchell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Bhutta, J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, and R. J. Beach, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, S. C. Mitchell, and R. J. Beach, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, O. R. Meissner, W. F. Krupke, J. M. McMahon, W. J. Bennett, and D. P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 26, 881 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Speth, J.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spühler, G. J.

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Waichman, K.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X.

Xu, J.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, J. Xu, W. Chen, and X. Xie, Appl. Opt. 40, 4303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zayhowski, J. J.

J. J. Zayhowski, Opt. Mater. 11, 255 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

G. J. Spühler, R. Paschotta, M. P. Kullberg, M. Graf, M. Moser, E. Mix, G. Huber, C. Harder, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 72, 285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, S. C. Mitchell, and R. J. Beach, Electron. Lett. 37, 898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 236 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Patel and R. J. Beach, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 707 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, D. P. Shepherd, R. J. Beach, and S. C. Mitchell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. D

D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, and H. E. Meissner, J. Phys. D 34, 2420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

Y. Kalisky, C. Labbe, K. Waichman, L. Kravchik, U. Rachum, P. Deng, J. Xu, J. Dong, and W. Chen, Opt. Mater. 19, 403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Zayhowski, Opt. Mater. 11, 255 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. I. Mackenzie, C. Li, and D. P. Shepherd, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the double-clad waveguide used in these experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental arrangement for diode pumping: DL’s, broad-striped diode lasers; C1’s fy=1 mm and C2’s fx=4 mm, collimating lenses; λ/2, half-wave plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; C3, beam conditioning lens fx=75 mm; FL, focusing optic f=6.5 mm; D, dichroic mirror; OC, output coupling mirror; HR, highly reflecting mirror.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse repetition frequency and average output power relative to diode pump power incident upon lens C3.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Trace of a typical output pulse train.

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