Abstract

We demonstrate improved efficiency and dynamic range for two-photon absorption at 1.5 µm in a photoelectron-counting GaAs photomultiplier tube. cw laser measurements show pure two-photon absorption occurring in the device from average powers of 1.3 µW to nearly 1 mW. We use the detector to implement an autocorrelator with peak-power × average-power sensitivity of 1.7×10-4 mW2 and discuss practical ways to reduce this figure of merit to as low as 1×10-5 mW2.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Kikuchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 123 (1998).
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  2. L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, Electron. Lett. 32, 1922 (1996).
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2002

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, Electron. Lett. 38, 86 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

T. Hattori, Y. Kawashima, M. Daikoku, H. Inouyu, and H. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 39, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

K. Kikuchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 34, 358 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, and M. M. Karkhanehchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 493 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, Electron. Lett. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1974

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, and G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-74, 97 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L. P.

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 34, 358 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, Electron. Lett. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bennet, W. R.

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, and G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-74, 97 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, Electron. Lett. 38, 86 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bollond, P. G.

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, Electron. Lett. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Carlin, D. B.

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, and G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-74, 97 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

E. W. Van Stryland and L. L. Chase, in CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technologies, M. Weber, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1995), Suppl. 2, p. 299.

Collins, G. J.

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, and G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-74, 97 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Daikoku, M.

T. Hattori, Y. Kawashima, M. Daikoku, H. Inouyu, and H. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 39, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 34, 358 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, Electron. Lett. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 34, 358 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, Electron. Lett. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, T.

T. Hattori, Y. Kawashima, M. Daikoku, H. Inouyu, and H. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 39, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Inouyu, H.

T. Hattori, Y. Kawashima, M. Daikoku, H. Inouyu, and H. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 39, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Karkhanehchi, M. M.

Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, and M. M. Karkhanehchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 493 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, Y.

T. Hattori, Y. Kawashima, M. Daikoku, H. Inouyu, and H. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 39, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, Electron. Lett. 38, 86 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leonhardt, R.

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, Electron. Lett. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Marsh, J. H.

Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, and M. M. Karkhanehchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 493 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, H.

T. Hattori, Y. Kawashima, M. Daikoku, H. Inouyu, and H. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 39, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roth, J. M.

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, Electron. Lett. 38, 86 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takagi, Y.

Thomsen, B. C.

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 34, 358 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

E. W. Van Stryland and L. L. Chase, in CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technologies, M. Weber, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1995), Suppl. 2, p. 299.

Weiner, A. M.

Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, and M. M. Karkhanehchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 493 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, Electron. Lett. 38, 86 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, and M. M. Karkhanehchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 493 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, Electron. Lett. 38, 86 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Kikuchi, Electron. Lett. 34, 123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, Electron. Lett. 32, 1922 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 34, 358 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, and G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-74, 97 (1974).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, and M. M. Karkhanehchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 493 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2

T. Hattori, Y. Kawashima, M. Daikoku, H. Inouyu, and H. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 39, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. W. Van Stryland and L. L. Chase, in CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technologies, M. Weber, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1995), Suppl. 2, p. 299.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) cw two-photon absorption measurement setup: VOA, variable optical attenuator. (b) cw response of the PMT and the photon-counting Si:APD after Ref. 5 (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interferometric autocorrelator setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation of a 10-GHz, 1.56-ps pulse train at average powers of (a) 6.4 and (b) 2.3 µW with dark counts subtracted out. Insets: (a) interference fringes and (b) corresponding 1.53-nm FWHM optical spectrum.

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