Abstract

Nulling interferometry aims to perform destructive interference achromatically. It is used to detect a faint source near a bright one and to provide dark field, an annular pupil, and rotational shear. A nulling out-of-plane interferometer that utilizes the geometric phase of spin redirection is proposed. The degree of nulling is determined by beam collimation and angular orientation of mirrors. Simulations and experiments are in reasonable agreement.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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2002 (1)

R. M. Morgan, J. H. Burge, and N. J. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

2000 (2)

A. Tavrov, M. Takeda, Y. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1992 (1)

M. Shao and M. M. Colavita, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 30, 457 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

H. Jiao, S. R. Wilkinson, R. Y. Chiao, and H. Nathel, Phys. Rev. A 39, 3475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

R. N. Bracewell, Nature 274, 780 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, V.

A. Tavrov, M. Takeda, Y. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baba, N.

Bascou, E.

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, contract (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, Holland, 2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

Bokhove, H.

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Braat, J. J.

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bracewell, R. N.

R. N. Bracewell, Nature 274, 780 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Burge, J. H.

R. M. Morgan, J. H. Burge, and N. J. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chiao, R. Y.

H. Jiao, S. R. Wilkinson, R. Y. Chiao, and H. Nathel, Phys. Rev. A 39, 3475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colavita, M. M.

E. Serabyn and M. M. Colavita, Appl. Opt. 40, 1668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao and M. M. Colavita, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 30, 457 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gay, J.

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, in Infrared Space Interferometry, C. Eiroa, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1996), p. 187.

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, contract (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, Holland, 2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

Hardy, G. J.

Ishigaki, T.

Jiao, H.

H. Jiao, S. R. Wilkinson, R. Y. Chiao, and H. Nathel, Phys. Rev. A 39, 3475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawabata, T.

A. Tavrov, M. Takeda, Y. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mieremet, A. L.

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, Y.

A. Tavrov, M. Takeda, Y. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, R. M.

R. M. Morgan, J. H. Burge, and N. J. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, N.

Nathel, H.

H. Jiao, S. R. Wilkinson, R. Y. Chiao, and H. Nathel, Phys. Rev. A 39, 3475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nguyen, H. T.

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), p. 546.

Rabbia, Y.

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, contract (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, Holland, 2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, in Infrared Space Interferometry, C. Eiroa, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1996), p. 187.

Ravel, K.

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmidtlin, E. G. H.

Schneider, J. L.

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, contract (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, Holland, 2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

Serabyn, E.

Shao, M.

M. Shao and M. M. Colavita, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 30, 457 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

A. Tavrov, M. Takeda, Y. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tavrov, A.

A. Tavrov, M. Takeda, Y. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, J. K.

Wilkinson, S. R.

H. Jiao, S. R. Wilkinson, R. Y. Chiao, and H. Nathel, Phys. Rev. A 39, 3475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woolf, N. J.

R. M. Morgan, J. H. Burge, and N. J. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. (1)

M. Shao and M. M. Colavita, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 30, 457 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

A. Tavrov, M. Takeda, Y. Miyamoto, T. Kawabata, and V. Andreev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

R. N. Bracewell, Nature 274, 780 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. Jiao, S. R. Wilkinson, R. Y. Chiao, and H. Nathel, Phys. Rev. A 39, 3475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (2)

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Morgan, J. H. Burge, and N. J. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, in Infrared Space Interferometry, C. Eiroa, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1996), p. 187.

Y. Rabbia, J. Gay, E. Bascou, and J. L. Schneider, contract (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, Holland, 2001), rabbia@obs-azur.fr.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), p. 546.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Stellar nulling inteferometer, showing out-of-plane and in-plane geometries. M, mirror block.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase shift between interferometer arms versus angle α. Dispersions for several wavelengths are shown magnified: (a) circular polarization, (b) linear polarization.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Out-of-plane Sagnac interferometer: (a) schematic, (b) ray trace along route A, (c) ray trace along route B.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Destructive interference: (a) at 632.8 nm and (b) at 441.6 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of nulling depth log1+cos ϕ on collimation angle β.

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