Abstract

The all-optical poling technique permits polar orientation of molecules. For efficient poling of thin films the relative phases, amplitudes, and polarizations of the two interfering beams must be controlled. We present an original stable one-arm interferometer that is specific to the recording of two-color interference. It relies on the index dispersion of optical glasses. This interference technique permits true real-time nonperturbative monitoring of the polar orientation process and easy all-optical poling of thin-film materials without the need for phase control. This new configuration opens the door to the realization of customized phase-matched wave-guided frequency-conversion devices for the near infrared.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, Y. Sui, and J. Yin, Opt. Lett. 26, 220 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Tsutsumi, J. Yamamoto, and W. Sakai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 2264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

V. Churikov, M. F. Hung, and C. C. Hsu, Opt. Lett. 25, 960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, and Y. Sui, Opt. Commun. 180, 373 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Brasselet and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Fiorini and J.-M. Nunzi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415 (1998).

1997

C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1984 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A.-C. Etilé, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, and J.-M. Nunzi, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3888 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Charra, and P. Raimond, Photon. Sci. News 3(1), 16 (1997).

1995

1994

1993

1992

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987

R. H. Stolen and H. W. K. Tom, Opt. Lett. 12, 585 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. B. Baranova and B. Ya. Zeldovich, JETP Lett. 45, 717 (1987).

1986

1972

S. Somekh and A. Yariv, Opt. Commun. 6, 301 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Baranova, N. B.

N. B. Baranova and B. Ya. Zeldovich, JETP Lett. 45, 717 (1987).

Brasselet, S.

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Charra, F.

Chen, Y.

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, Y. Sui, and J. Yin, Opt. Lett. 26, 220 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, and Y. Sui, Opt. Commun. 180, 373 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Churikov, V.

Driscoll, T. J.

Etilé, A.-C.

A.-C. Etilé, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, and J.-M. Nunzi, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3888 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fiorini, C.

A.-C. Etilé, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, and J.-M. Nunzi, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3888 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Charra, and P. Raimond, Photon. Sci. News 3(1), 16 (1997).

C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1984 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, I. D. W. Samuel, and J. Zyss, Opt. Lett. 20, 2469 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fiorini, F.

F. Fiorini and J.-M. Nunzi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415 (1998).

Hsu, C. C.

Hung, M. F.

Idiart, E.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kajzar, F.

Lawandy, N. M.

Li, Q.

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, Y. Sui, and J. Yin, Opt. Lett. 26, 220 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, and Y. Sui, Opt. Commun. 180, 373 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Luo, S.

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, Y. Sui, and J. Yin, Opt. Lett. 26, 220 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, and Y. Sui, Opt. Commun. 180, 373 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

Nunzi, J. M.

Nunzi, J.-M.

F. Fiorini and J.-M. Nunzi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415 (1998).

A.-C. Etilé, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, and J.-M. Nunzi, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3888 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1984 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Charra, and P. Raimond, Photon. Sci. News 3(1), 16 (1997).

C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, I. D. W. Samuel, and J. Zyss, Opt. Lett. 20, 2469 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Österberg, U.

Raimond, P.

Sakai, W.

N. Tsutsumi, J. Yamamoto, and W. Sakai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 2264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Samuel, I. D. W.

Somekh, S.

S. Somekh and A. Yariv, Opt. Commun. 6, 301 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Sui, Y.

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, Y. Sui, and J. Yin, Opt. Lett. 26, 220 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, and Y. Sui, Opt. Commun. 180, 373 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tom, H. W. K.

Tsutsumi, N.

N. Tsutsumi, J. Yamamoto, and W. Sakai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 2264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, J.

N. Tsutsumi, J. Yamamoto, and W. Sakai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 2264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

S. Somekh and A. Yariv, Opt. Commun. 6, 301 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Yin, J.

Yu, X.

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, Y. Sui, and J. Yin, Opt. Lett. 26, 220 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, and Y. Sui, Opt. Commun. 180, 373 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zeldovich, B. Ya.

N. B. Baranova and B. Ya. Zeldovich, JETP Lett. 45, 717 (1987).

Zhong, X.

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, Y. Sui, and J. Yin, Opt. Lett. 26, 220 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, and Y. Sui, Opt. Commun. 180, 373 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zyss, J.

Chem. Phys. Lett.

F. Fiorini and J.-M. Nunzi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415 (1998).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

JETP Lett.

N. B. Baranova and B. Ya. Zeldovich, JETP Lett. 45, 717 (1987).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

N. Tsutsumi, J. Yamamoto, and W. Sakai, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 2264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. Somekh and A. Yariv, Opt. Commun. 6, 301 (1972).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, X. Zhong, Q. Li, S. Luo, Y. Chen, and Y. Sui, Opt. Commun. 180, 373 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Sci. News

C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Charra, and P. Raimond, Photon. Sci. News 3(1), 16 (1997).

Phys. Rev. A

A.-C. Etilé, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, and J.-M. Nunzi, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3888 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: RG 630, red Schott filter for the 2ω beam; KG 3, Schott filter for the ω beam. A BK7 wedge-shaped glass plate could be placed just after the KDP crystal to adjust the relative phase between the two writing beams. S, shutter. (a) Beam configuration at the output of the prism; (b) schematic of wave-vector conservation of the interacting fields.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Real-time growth and decay of the SH-generated signal (in volts). Negative times correspond to seeding preparation; at time zero, seeding has stopped. Positive times correspond to the temporal decrease of the induced χ2 susceptibility. The sample was placed on the prism. (a) Decay of the weak signal monitored after seeding under real-time and regular write–read conditions, on different scales. (b) Schematic of the quasi-phase-matched structure induced inside the polymer thin film for use as a frequency-doubling waveguide device. Λ is the period of the inverted domain grating.

Equations (2)

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k+,2ω=kω+kω+KG=k2ω,
k-,2ω=kω+kω-KG+Δk,

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