Abstract

Efficient repetitive passive Q switching of a cladding-pumped Er–Yb fiber laser has been demonstrated by use of an external-cavity configuration containing a Co2+:ZnS crystal as a saturable absorber. Energies of as much as 60 µJ in pulses of durations as short as 3.5 ns (FWHM), corresponding to a peak power of >10 kW, have been generated, and the maximum slope efficiency with respect to the absorbed pump power was 13%. Using a bulk diffraction grating in the Littrow configuration to provide wavelength-selective feedback, we tuned the passively Q-switched fiber laser over 31 nm from 1532 to 1563 nm. The prospects for further improvement in performance are discussed.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Ph. Thony, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 327.
  2. V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Opt. Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Chandonnet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. P. Lees, A. Hartog, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 31, 1836 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. L. Offerhaus, N. G. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, Opt. Lett. 23, 1683 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. U. Alam, P. W. Turner, A. B. Grudinin, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 218–219.
  9. P. Petropoulos, S. Dhanjal, D. J. Richardson, and N. I. Zheludev, Opt. Commun. 166, 239 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Paschotta, R. Häring, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 24, 388 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. N. Filippov, A. N. Starodumov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, Opt. Lett. 26, 343 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 32, 332 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, J. A. K. Koningstein, and J. R. Simpson, Appl. Opt. 32, 286 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. V. Chernikov, Y. Zhu, J. R. Taylor, and V. P. Gapontsev, Opt. Lett. 22, 298 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Salhi, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 27, 1294 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. E. Briton, D. Taverner, K. Puech, D. J. Richardson, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 23, 582 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (2)

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Salhi, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, G. Martel, C. Ozkul, and F. Sanchez, Opt. Lett. 27, 1294 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

V. N. Filippov, A. N. Starodumov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, Opt. Lett. 26, 343 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, S. Dhanjal, D. J. Richardson, and N. I. Zheludev, Opt. Commun. 166, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, R. Häring, E. Gini, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 24, 388 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 32, 332 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. P. Lees, A. Hartog, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 31, 1836 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Opt. Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Chandonnet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, J. A. K. Koningstein, and J. R. Simpson, Appl. Opt. 32, 286 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S. U.

S. U. Alam, P. W. Turner, A. B. Grudinin, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 218–219.

Alvarez-Charvez, J. A.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bicknese, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Braud, A.

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Briton, P. E.

Broderick, N. G.

Brunel, M.

Caplen, J.

Chandonnet, A.

A. Chandonnet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chartier, T.

Chernikov, S. V.

Chrostowski, J.

Clarkson, W. A.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dhanjal, S.

P. Petropoulos, S. Dhanjal, D. J. Richardson, and N. I. Zheludev, Opt. Commun. 166, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dohle, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Doualan, J. L.

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Thony, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 327.

Filippov, V. N.

Fromager, M.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V. P.

Gini, E.

Girard, S.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. U. Alam, P. W. Turner, A. B. Grudinin, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 218–219.

Hanna, D. C.

Häring, R.

Hartog, A.

G. P. Lees, A. Hartog, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 31, 1836 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hideur, A.

Keller, U.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

Koningstein, J. A. K.

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Larose, G.

A. Chandonnet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lees, G. P.

G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 32, 332 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees, A. Hartog, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 31, 1836 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Levchenko, V. I.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

MacCormack, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martel, G.

Mears, R. J.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

Molva, E.

Ph. Thony, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 327.

Moncorgé, R.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Myslinski, P.

Newson, T. P.

G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 32, 332 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees, A. Hartog, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 31, 1836 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. U. Alam, P. W. Turner, A. B. Grudinin, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 218–219.

Offerhaus, H. L.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Offerhaus, N. G. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, Opt. Lett. 23, 1683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oleskevich, T.

F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Opt. Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ozkul, C.

Paschotta, R.

Payne, D. N.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

P. Petropoulos, S. Dhanjal, D. J. Richardson, and N. I. Zheludev, Opt. Commun. 166, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Puech, K.

Reekie, L.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, C. C.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, S. Dhanjal, D. J. Richardson, and N. I. Zheludev, Opt. Commun. 166, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Briton, D. Taverner, K. Puech, D. J. Richardson, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 23, 582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Offerhaus, N. G. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, Opt. Lett. 23, 1683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ross, G. W.

Salhi, M.

Sammut, R.

Sanchez, F.

Sanders, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Seguin, F.

F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Opt. Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

Smith, P. G. R.

Starodumov, A. N.

Taverner, D.

Taylor, J. R.

Thony, Ph.

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Thony, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 327.

Thuau, M.

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. U. Alam, P. W. Turner, A. B. Grudinin, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 218–219.

Waarts, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wolak, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yakimovich, V. N.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P. S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

P. Petropoulos, S. Dhanjal, D. J. Richardson, and N. I. Zheludev, Opt. Commun. 166, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Zucker, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. G. Shcherbitsky, S. Girard, M. Fromager, R. Moncorgé, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, and B. Ferrand, Appl. Phys. B 74, 367 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees, A. Hartog, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 31, 1836 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 32, 332 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Charvez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Braud, M. Fromager, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, B. Ferrand, and Ph. Thony, Opt. Commun. 183, 175 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, S. Dhanjal, D. J. Richardson, and N. I. Zheludev, Opt. Commun. 166, 239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

F. Seguin and T. Oleskevich, Opt. Eng. 32, 2036 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Chandonnet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (2)

Ph. Thony, B. Ferrand, and E. Molva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg and M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 327.

S. U. Alam, P. W. Turner, A. B. Grudinin, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 218–219.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the passively Q-switched fiber laser: SM, single mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Average output power (squares) and pulse repetition rate (triangles) versus absorbed pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical Q-switched pulse train and (inset) its corresponding temporal pulse shape.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectrum of the laser on a linear scale. The resolution is 0.002 nm.

Metrics