Abstract

We report on a new spatial beam-shaping approach for fabrication of waveguides with a circular transverse profile by femtosecond laser pulses, using an astigmatic beam and controlling both beam waist and focal position in the tangential and sagittal planes. We apply this technique to write single-mode active waveguides at 1.5 µm in Er:Yb-doped glass substrates. The experimental results are well described by a simple nonlinear absorption model.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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2002 (1)

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

2000 (1)

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

Bado, P.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

Brodeur, A.

Callan, J. P.

Cerullo, G.

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chan, J. W.

Cheng, Z.

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Davis, K. M.

De Silvestri, S.

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

Finaly, R. J.

Florea, C.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gaeta, A. L.

Garcia, J. F.

Glezer, E. N.

Hartl, I.

Her, T.-H.

Herman, S.

Hirao, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homoelle, D.

Huang, L.

Huser, T.

Inouye, H.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Kautek, W.

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kowalevicz, A. M.

Krausz, F.

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D. M.

Krueger, J.

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marangoni, M.

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maynard, R.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Milosavljevic, M.

Minoshima, K.

Mitsuyu, T.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Osellame, R.

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

Polli, D.

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, R.

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Risbud, S.

Rubenchik, A. M.

Said, A. A.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

Shore, B. W.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 16.

Sikorski, Y.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C.

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Streltsov, A. M.

Stuart, B. C.

Sugimoto, N.

Taccheo, S.

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wielandy, S.

Winick, K. A.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Lenzner, J. Krueger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 16.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup for waveguide writing: VA, variable attenuator; CL1, CL2, cylindrical lenses; OBJ, microscope objective.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Contour plots of simulated electron density profiles for different focusing parameters given in the text. Peak intensity is I00=1013 W/cm2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison between (a) microscope images of the end face of the waveguides and (b) simulated electron density distributions; see text for focusing conditions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pictures of high-order modes for waveguides (a) I and (b) III at a 0.633µm wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental mode profile at 1.58 µm for waveguide III and Gaussian fit. Inset, the mode contour plot.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dn/dt=αItnt+σkIkt,
I0x,y,z=I00w0xwxzw0ywyzexp-2x2wxz2+y2wyz2,
wxz=w0x1+z/zRx21/2,wyz=w0y1+z-z0/zRy21/2,

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