Abstract

For daytime operation a new receiver for potassium resonance temperature lidars was developed that includes a twin Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filter and a high-performance photon-counting avalanche photodiode instead of a photomultiplier. The design of a flat spectral filter shape over the lidar scan range avoids instrumental error on the temperature results. Initial temperature measurements under daylight conditions were realized.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. K.-H. Fricke and U. von Zahn, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 47, 499 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. U. von Zahn and J. Höffner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 141 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

S. Tomczyk, K. Straender, G. Card, D. Elmore, H. Hull, and A. Cacciani, Sol. Phys. 159, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

K.-H. Fricke and U. von Zahn, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 47, 499 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Alvarez, R. J.

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bills, R. E.

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cacciani, A.

S. Tomczyk, K. Straender, G. Card, D. Elmore, H. Hull, and A. Cacciani, Sol. Phys. 159, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Card, G.

S. Tomczyk, K. Straender, G. Card, D. Elmore, H. Hull, and A. Cacciani, Sol. Phys. 159, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Elmore, D.

S. Tomczyk, K. Straender, G. Card, D. Elmore, H. Hull, and A. Cacciani, Sol. Phys. 159, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fricke, K.-H.

K.-H. Fricke and U. von Zahn, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 47, 499 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, C. S.

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Höffner, J.

U. von Zahn and J. Höffner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hull, H.

S. Tomczyk, K. Straender, G. Card, D. Elmore, H. Hull, and A. Cacciani, Sol. Phys. 159, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Korevaar, E.

Krueger, D. A.

Latifi, H.

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Searcy, P.

Shay, T. M.

She, C. Y.

Straender, K.

S. Tomczyk, K. Straender, G. Card, D. Elmore, H. Hull, and A. Cacciani, Sol. Phys. 159, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tomczyk, S.

S. Tomczyk, K. Straender, G. Card, D. Elmore, H. Hull, and A. Cacciani, Sol. Phys. 159, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

von Zahn, U.

U. von Zahn and J. Höffner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Fricke and U. von Zahn, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 47, 499 (1985).
[CrossRef]

White, M. A.

Yeh, P.

Yin, B.

Yu, J. R.

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Geophys. Res. Lett. (2)

C. Y. She, H. Latifi, J. R. Yu, R. J. Alvarez, R. E. Bills, and C. S. Gardner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 929 (1990).
[CrossRef]

U. von Zahn and J. Höffner, Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 141 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. (1)

K.-H. Fricke and U. von Zahn, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 47, 499 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sol. Phys. (1)

S. Tomczyk, K. Straender, G. Card, D. Elmore, H. Hull, and A. Cacciani, Sol. Phys. 159, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral transmission curve of the K FADOF at the K D1 line (770 nm) with the parameters given in Table 1. (a) Full theoretical shape. (b) Comparison of the theoretical shape of the center peak with the measured transmission shape for the experimental configuration of the IAP K lidar (thick solid curve) and spectral Doppler shape of the K D1 fine structure line for two different atmospheric temperatures [in arbitrary units].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

IAP K resonance lidar detection bench with a twin FADOF system. B, magnetic field.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Backscatter signal profile of the mobile IAP K resonance lidar, obtained on August 28, 2001, at 13:00 local time on the island of Spitsbergen (78°N). The solar elevation angle was 21.6°. The profile is integrated over 4000 laser pulses with an altitude resolution of 200 m.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Day and nighttime temperatures from 84- to 98-km altitude, measured with the mobile IAP K resonance lidar on August 28 and 29, 2001 on the island of Spitsbergen (78° N). The maximum solar elevation angle was 21.6°. LT, local time.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Instrumental Parameters of the Mobile IAP K D1 Resonance Lidar for Daylight Operation

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