Abstract

We demonstrate the generation of 10µJ coherent extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) light at wavelengths from 73.6 to 42.6 nm, using high-order harmonics. The peak power of this coherent XUV light is estimated to be 0.13 GW at 62.3 nm, and the peak brightness achieved was 3×1028 photons/mm2 mrad2 s. To our knowledge, this XUV energy is the highest value achieved with high-order harmonics.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim, 2001, Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001).
  8. E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 021802(R) (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y.-M. Yiu, K. D. Bonin, and T. J. McIlrath, Opt. Lett. 7, 268 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 527 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X-Ray Form Factor, Attenuation, and Scattering Tables, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), http://physics.nist.gov .
  13. B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Krumrey, E. Tegeler, R. Goebel, and R. Kohler, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(9), 4736 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. R. Powell, P. M. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, Opt. Eng. 29, 614 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 021802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

M. Krumrey, E. Tegeler, R. Goebel, and R. Kohler, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(9), 4736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

F. R. Powell, P. M. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, Opt. Eng. 29, 614 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1982 (1)

Agostini, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonin, K. D.

Brabec, T.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Breger, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Z.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J. C.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, Ch.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garzella, D.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Goebel, R.

M. Krumrey, E. Tegeler, R. Goebel, and R. Kohler, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(9), 4736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gullikson, E. M.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herne, C.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itatani, J.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kálmán, P.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kohler, R.

M. Krumrey, E. Tegeler, R. Goebel, and R. Kohler, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(9), 4736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krumrey, M.

M. Krumrey, E. Tegeler, R. Goebel, and R. Kohler, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(9), 4736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lindblom, J. F.

F. R. Powell, P. M. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, Opt. Eng. 29, 614 (1990).
[CrossRef]

McIlrath, T. J.

Mével, M.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 021802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim, 2001, Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001).

Murnane, M. M.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 021802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Togashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 26, 831 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim, 2001, Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001).

Nagata, Y.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Obara, M.

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 021802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim, 2001, Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001).

Otsuka, T.

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 021802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim, 2001, Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001).

Powell, F. R.

F. R. Powell, P. M. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, Opt. Eng. 29, 614 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Powell, S. F.

F. R. Powell, P. M. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, Opt. Eng. 29, 614 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rundquist, A.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rundquist, A. R.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schnürer, M.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sekikawa, T.

Takahashi, E.

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 021802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim, 2001, Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001).

Tamaki, Y.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tegeler, E.

M. Krumrey, E. Tegeler, R. Goebel, and R. Kohler, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(9), 4736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Togashi, T.

Vedder, P. M.

F. R. Powell, P. M. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, Opt. Eng. 29, 614 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Yiu, Y.-M.

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

F. R. Powell, P. M. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, Opt. Eng. 29, 614 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 66, 021802(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, M. Mével, Ch. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. Krumrey, E. Tegeler, R. Goebel, and R. Kohler, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(9), 4736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

X-Ray Form Factor, Attenuation, and Scattering Tables, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), http://physics.nist.gov .

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim, 2001, Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured harmonic spectrum distribution. This profile is normalized by the 11th-harmonic signal. The inset shows a normalized far-field one-dimensional spatial profile of the 13th harmonic in 0.6-Torr Xe gas.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Open squares and filled circles correspond to the filter transmission rates for each harmonic order. The dashed curve shows a spectrum observed through filter-1. The inset depicts the harmonic spectrum without the filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimentally obtained energy yield per shot and conversion efficiency of HHs for a 14-cm-long medium in 0.6-Torr Xe gas. Filled squares and open circles correspond to the maximal conversion efficiency and the output energy, respectively.

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