Abstract

We demonstrate delayed four-wave Raman mixing in hydrogen gas and discuss the polarization of multiple rotational Raman radiation in the sub-100-fs regime. The mechanism of sideband generation through the interaction between a probe pulse and coherence of molecular motions induced by a pump pulse in hydrogen is revealed. One can artificially control the ellipticity of the polarization of the rotational Raman sidebands by changing the pump pulse polarization.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 1562 (1997).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F.-L. Kien, N.-H. Shon, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 64, 051803(R) (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. R. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Nazarkin and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. A 58, R61 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Kawano, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 894 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (3)

R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 894 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (5)

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, Opt. Lett. 26, 456 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, Nature 414, 531 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Kien, N.-H. Shon, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 64, 051803(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. R. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

T. Kobayashi and A. Shirakawa, Appl. Phys. B 70, S239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1226 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. A 58, R61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baertschy, M.

R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

Elsaesser, T.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Greene, C. H.

R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, K.

F.-L. Kien, N.-H. Shon, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 64, 051803(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. R.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. R. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, Opt. Lett. 26, 456 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1226 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirakawa, Y.

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Imasaka, T.

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kalosha, V. P.

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, Opt. Lett. 26, 456 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1226 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kawano, H.

H. Kawano, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 894 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kien, F.-L.

F.-L. Kien, N.-H. Shon, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 64, 051803(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, Nature 414, 531 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kobayashi and A. Shirakawa, Appl. Phys. B 70, S239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. A 58, R61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Lenzner, M.

Midorikawa, K.

H. Kawano, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 894 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mori, T.

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nazarkin, A.

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. A 58, R61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ohtani, H.

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, Nature 414, 531 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saito, T.

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, Nature 414, 531 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartania, S.

Shirakawa, A.

T. Kobayashi and A. Shirakawa, Appl. Phys. B 70, S239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shon, N.-H.

F.-L. Kien, N.-H. Shon, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 64, 051803(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, A. V.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. R. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

Suda, A.

H. Kawano, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 894 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

Wagner, N.

R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D. R.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. R. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T. C.

R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, M.

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Opt. Lett. 26, 298 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yavuz, D. D.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. R. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. R. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, S.

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Kobayashi and A. Shirakawa, Appl. Phys. B 70, S239 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Kawano, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 894 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. Kobayashi, T. Saito, and H. Ohtani, Nature 414, 531 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

F.-L. Kien, N.-H. Shon, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 64, 051803(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. A 58, R61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. R. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kalosha and J. Herrmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1226 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: QWP, quarter-wave plate; DC, dichroic mirror; HFC, hollow fiber cell; FR, Fresnel rhomb quarter-wave retarder; GTP, Glan–Taylor prism; S, spectrometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of high-order Raman sidebands: (a) ψ=0.0, (b) ψ=0.003, (c) ψ=1.0.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ellipticities of Raman sideband polarizations. Black bars, ψ=0.003; gray bars ψ=0.8.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Final states of the polarization of the multiple rotational Raman components predicted by theory. Right- and left-circular components are included in the molecular rotations at the rate of 1:p 0p1. If a pump pulse is linearly polarized, p=1. If a pump pulse is circularly polarized, p=0. The shapes of the arrows at the bottom indicate the polarization of the final output Raman components.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

mP,+-mS,-=mj,+-mj-1,-,
mP,--mS,+=mj,--mj-1,+.
mP,+-mS,-=mj,--mj+1,+,
mP,--mS,+=mj,+-mj+1,-.

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