Abstract

We present a model for coherent optical spectrum analysis that relates the key parameters of frequency resolution, power uncertainty, and sweep speed. The theoretical model is compared with experimental results obtained from spectral measurements of an external-cavity laser.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. L. Hall and W. W. Morey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 152 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Schmulling, B. Klumb, M. Harter, R. Shieder, B. Vowinkel, and G. Winnewisser, Appl. Opt. 37, 5771 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. O. van Deventer, C. M. de Blok, and C. Park, Opt. Lett. 16, 678 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Yoshida, Y. Tada, and K. Nosu, in Conference Proceedings of 1994 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Advanced Technologies in I&M (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), pp. 230–233.
  5. T. Kataoka and K. Hagimoto, in Conference Proceedings of 1994 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Advanced Technologies in I&M (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), pp. 234–237.
  6. E. Kruger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 4461 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Muller, W. Reichert, C. Ruck, and R. Steiner, Hewlett-Packard J. 44, 20–27 (1993).
  8. D. M. Baney, B. Szafraniec, and A. Motamedi, Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 355 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Szafraniec, A. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 619–620.
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. G. Stremler, Introduction to Communication Systems (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1977).
  11. D. M. Baney and W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1997), p. 184.

2002

D. M. Baney, B. Szafraniec, and A. Motamedi, Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

1995

E. Kruger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 4461 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

E. Muller, W. Reichert, C. Ruck, and R. Steiner, Hewlett-Packard J. 44, 20–27 (1993).

1991

1967

J. L. Hall and W. W. Morey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 152 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Baney, D. M.

D. M. Baney, B. Szafraniec, and A. Motamedi, Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Baney and W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1997), p. 184.

B. Szafraniec, A. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 619–620.
[CrossRef]

de Blok, C. M.

Hagimoto, K.

T. Kataoka and K. Hagimoto, in Conference Proceedings of 1994 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Advanced Technologies in I&M (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), pp. 234–237.

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall and W. W. Morey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 152 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Harter, M.

Kataoka, T.

T. Kataoka and K. Hagimoto, in Conference Proceedings of 1994 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Advanced Technologies in I&M (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), pp. 234–237.

Klumb, B.

Kruger, E.

E. Kruger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 4461 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

J. L. Hall and W. W. Morey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 152 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Motamedi, A.

D. M. Baney, B. Szafraniec, and A. Motamedi, Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Szafraniec, A. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 619–620.
[CrossRef]

Muller, E.

E. Muller, W. Reichert, C. Ruck, and R. Steiner, Hewlett-Packard J. 44, 20–27 (1993).

Nosu, K.

S. Yoshida, Y. Tada, and K. Nosu, in Conference Proceedings of 1994 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Advanced Technologies in I&M (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), pp. 230–233.

Park, C.

Reichert, W.

E. Muller, W. Reichert, C. Ruck, and R. Steiner, Hewlett-Packard J. 44, 20–27 (1993).

Ruck, C.

E. Muller, W. Reichert, C. Ruck, and R. Steiner, Hewlett-Packard J. 44, 20–27 (1993).

Schmulling, F.

Shieder, R.

Sorin, W. V.

D. M. Baney and W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1997), p. 184.

Steiner, R.

E. Muller, W. Reichert, C. Ruck, and R. Steiner, Hewlett-Packard J. 44, 20–27 (1993).

Stremler, F. G.

F. G. Stremler, Introduction to Communication Systems (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1977).

Szafraniec, B.

D. M. Baney, B. Szafraniec, and A. Motamedi, Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Szafraniec, A. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 619–620.
[CrossRef]

Tada, Y.

S. Yoshida, Y. Tada, and K. Nosu, in Conference Proceedings of 1994 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Advanced Technologies in I&M (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), pp. 230–233.

van Deventer, M. O.

Vowinkel, B.

Winnewisser, G.

Yoshida, S.

S. Yoshida, Y. Tada, and K. Nosu, in Conference Proceedings of 1994 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Advanced Technologies in I&M (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), pp. 230–233.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. L. Hall and W. W. Morey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 152 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Hewlett-Packard J.

E. Muller, W. Reichert, C. Ruck, and R. Steiner, Hewlett-Packard J. 44, 20–27 (1993).

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Technol. Lett.

D. M. Baney, B. Szafraniec, and A. Motamedi, Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

E. Kruger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 4461 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. Szafraniec, A. Motamedi, and D. M. Baney, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 619–620.
[CrossRef]

F. G. Stremler, Introduction to Communication Systems (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1977).

D. M. Baney and W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1997), p. 184.

S. Yoshida, Y. Tada, and K. Nosu, in Conference Proceedings of 1994 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Advanced Technologies in I&M (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), pp. 230–233.

T. Kataoka and K. Hagimoto, in Conference Proceedings of 1994 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Advanced Technologies in I&M (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), pp. 234–237.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified block diagram of a coherent optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured optical spectrum of an external-cavity laser; sweep rate, 0.5 nm/s; Δf=0.8 MHz. Inset, data taken over a narrower frequency range.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Theoretical predictions and experimental measurements of power uncertainty for (a) 0.8-MHz and (b) 1.8-MHz receivers.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

xt=cosπγt2+ψ,
Xω=12πγcos-ω24πγ+ψ+π4.
Eg=12π-Xω2Hω2dω.
Eg=12πΔω42πγ+Δω22γΔω4+4πγ21/4sinψ,
ΔPP=4πγΔω4+4πγ21/4,
ΔPP=γπΔf,

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