Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a new wavelength- and mode-selective coupler utilizing intermodal coupling between a standard single-mode fiber (SMF) and a hollow optical fiber (HOF). The fabricated device routes optical signals such that a 1.3µm signal is directed to the HOF port, adiabatically converting the LP01 mode into a ring-shaped mode, which can be further connected to a gigabit ethernet link, reducing the differential mode-dispersion penalty. Optical signals near 1.5 µm, meanwhile, stay in the LP01 mode of the SMF arm for further connection to conventional wavelength-division multiplexing links based on erbium-doped fiber amplifiers. The performance of the device is characterized in terms of insertion loss, channel isolation, and mode-conversion efficiency.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Li, in Communication Technology Proceedings 2000: World Computer Conference–International Conference on Communication Technology 2000 (Publishing House of Electronics Industry, Beijing, 2000), pp. 1184–1187.
  2. D. G. Cunningham, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 364–367.
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Marcuse, Appl. Opt. 18, 2073 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, and U. C. Ryu, Electron. Lett. 37, 823 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, C. S. Park, G. Y. Kim, and Y. G. Lee, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 326–327.
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WJ4–1.
  7. K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber and Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuB5–1.
  8. T.-L. Wu and H.-C. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 218 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Shin, U. C. Ryu, and K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 38, 214 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002

W. Shin, U. C. Ryu, and K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 38, 214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, and U. C. Ryu, Electron. Lett. 37, 823 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WJ4–1.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber and Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuB5–1.

1997

T.-L. Wu and H.-C. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 218 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1988

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1979

Bilodeau, F.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.-C.

T.-L. Wu and H.-C. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 218 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, and U. C. Ryu, Electron. Lett. 37, 823 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, C. S. Park, G. Y. Kim, and Y. G. Lee, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 326–327.
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, D. G.

D. G. Cunningham, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 364–367.
[CrossRef]

Faucher, S.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, I. K.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber and Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuB5–1.

Johnson, D. C.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber and Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuB5–1.

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WJ4–1.

Kim, G. Y.

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, C. S. Park, G. Y. Kim, and Y. G. Lee, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 326–327.
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. G.

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, C. S. Park, G. Y. Kim, and Y. G. Lee, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 326–327.
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

R. Li, in Communication Technology Proceedings 2000: World Computer Conference–International Conference on Communication Technology 2000 (Publishing House of Electronics Industry, Beijing, 2000), pp. 1184–1187.

Marcuse, D.

Oh, K.

W. Shin, U. C. Ryu, and K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 38, 214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, and U. C. Ryu, Electron. Lett. 37, 823 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, C. S. Park, G. Y. Kim, and Y. G. Lee, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 326–327.
[CrossRef]

Park, C. S.

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, C. S. Park, G. Y. Kim, and Y. G. Lee, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 326–327.
[CrossRef]

Park, H. S.

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WJ4–1.

Ryu, U. C.

W. Shin, U. C. Ryu, and K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 38, 214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, and U. C. Ryu, Electron. Lett. 37, 823 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shin, W.

W. Shin, U. C. Ryu, and K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 38, 214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, and U. C. Ryu, Electron. Lett. 37, 823 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, C. S. Park, G. Y. Kim, and Y. G. Lee, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 326–327.
[CrossRef]

Song, K. Y.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber and Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuB5–1.

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WJ4–1.

Wu, T.-L.

T.-L. Wu and H.-C. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 218 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WJ4–1.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber and Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuB5–1.

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, and U. C. Ryu, Electron. Lett. 37, 823 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. Shin, U. C. Ryu, and K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 38, 214 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T.-L. Wu and H.-C. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 218 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476 (1988).
[CrossRef]

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WJ4–1.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, in Optical Fiber and Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuB5–1.

Other

S. Choi, K. Oh, W. Shin, C. S. Park, G. Y. Kim, and Y. G. Lee, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 326–327.
[CrossRef]

R. Li, in Communication Technology Proceedings 2000: World Computer Conference–International Conference on Communication Technology 2000 (Publishing House of Electronics Industry, Beijing, 2000), pp. 1184–1187.

D. G. Cunningham, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Medicongress, Assende, Belgium, 2001), pp. 364–367.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed WMSC.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cross-section image and refractive-index profile of the HOF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission characteristics of WMSC: (a) transmission spectrum, (b) normalized transmission power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Near-field pattern of WMSC: (a) output near-field pattern at the SMF arm, (b) output near-field pattern at the HOF arm.

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