Abstract

Applying the principle of differential confocal microscopy to wide-field optically sectioning microscopy, we develop a noninterferometric optical profilometer without scanning mechanisms. Depth resolution of 2 nm is achieved with a power-regulated tungsten-halogen lamp as the light source and a 14-bit CCD camera as the detector. The effects of inhomogeneous surface reflectivity are removed from topographic measurements by arithmetic division. The whole system can be constructed on a single silicon chip for use as a miniaturized optical profiler.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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