Abstract

Real-time formation of holographic reflection gratings is experimentally demonstrated in thick media of Disperse Red 1– (DR-1) doped poly(methyl methacrylate) at a nonresonant wavelength (647 nm). Our diffraction efficiencies of 30% and 23% are achieved for reflection gratings inscribed by spatial modulation of intensity and polarization, respectively, and are believed to be the highest achieved for a dye-doped polymer. In addition to the recording of amplitude and phase, the polarization state is also recorded and reconstructed.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, and T. Tomova, Appl. Opt. 23, 4309 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, T. Tomova, and V. Dragostinova, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1262 (1987).
  3. M. Eich, J. H. Wendorff, B. Reck, and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 8, 59 (1987).
  4. A. Natansohn, P. Rochon, J. Gosselin, and S. Xie, Macromolecules 25, 2268 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2002

2001

1996

1992

A. Natansohn, P. Rochon, J. Gosselin, and S. Xie, Macromolecules 25, 2268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989

M. G. Kuzyk, K. D. Singer, H. E. Zahn, and L. A. King, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 48, 742 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, T. Tomova, and V. Dragostinova, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1262 (1987).

M. Eich, J. H. Wendorff, B. Reck, and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 8, 59 (1987).

1984

1969

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bian, S.

W. Zhang, S. Bian, S. I. Kim, and M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 27, 1105 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).

Canfield, B. K.

S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).

Dragostinova, V.

L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, V. Dragostinova, T. Petrova, and N. Tomova, Opt. Lett. 27, 92 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, T. Tomova, and V. Dragostinova, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1262 (1987).

Eich, M.

M. Eich, J. H. Wendorff, B. Reck, and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 8, 59 (1987).

Eichler, H. J.

Embaye, N. B.

S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).

Gosselin, J.

A. Natansohn, P. Rochon, J. Gosselin, and S. Xie, Macromolecules 25, 2268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, G. J.

S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).

Holme, N. C. R.

Hvilsted, S.

Kim, S. I.

W. Zhang, S. Bian, S. I. Kim, and M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 27, 1105 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).

King, L. A.

M. G. Kuzyk, K. D. Singer, H. E. Zahn, and L. A. King, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 48, 742 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, M. G.

W. Zhang, S. Bian, S. I. Kim, and M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 27, 1105 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kuzyk, K. D. Singer, H. E. Zahn, and L. A. King, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 48, 742 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).

Natansohn, A.

A. Natansohn, P. Rochon, J. Gosselin, and S. Xie, Macromolecules 25, 2268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nikolova, L.

Orlic, S.

Park, J. J.

S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).

Petrova, T.

Ramanujam, P. S.

Reck, B.

M. Eich, J. H. Wendorff, B. Reck, and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 8, 59 (1987).

Ringsdorf, H.

M. Eich, J. H. Wendorff, B. Reck, and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 8, 59 (1987).

Rochon, P.

A. Natansohn, P. Rochon, J. Gosselin, and S. Xie, Macromolecules 25, 2268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, R.

Singer, K. D.

M. G. Kuzyk, K. D. Singer, H. E. Zahn, and L. A. King, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 48, 742 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

Tomova, T.

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, T. Tomova, and V. Dragostinova, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1262 (1987).

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, and T. Tomova, Appl. Opt. 23, 4309 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wendorff, J. H.

M. Eich, J. H. Wendorff, B. Reck, and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 8, 59 (1987).

Xie, S.

A. Natansohn, P. Rochon, J. Gosselin, and S. Xie, Macromolecules 25, 2268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zahn, H. E.

M. G. Kuzyk, K. D. Singer, H. E. Zahn, and L. A. King, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 48, 742 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, S. Bian, S. I. Kim, and M. G. Kuzyk, Opt. Lett. 27, 1105 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).

Appl. Opt.

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, T. Tomova, and V. Dragostinova, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1262 (1987).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

M. G. Kuzyk, K. D. Singer, H. E. Zahn, and L. A. King, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 48, 742 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Macromolecules

A. Natansohn, P. Rochon, J. Gosselin, and S. Xie, Macromolecules 25, 2268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun.

M. Eich, J. H. Wendorff, B. Reck, and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 8, 59 (1987).

Opt. Lett.

Other

S. Bian, W. Zhang, S. I. Kim, N. B. Embaye, G. J. Hanna, J. J. Park, B. K. Canfield, and M. G. Kuzyk, “High efficiency optical phase conjugation by degenerate four-wave mixing in volume media of DR1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate),” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for reflection grating recording: BS1, beam splitter; S1, S2, shutters; M1, M2, mirrors; λ/2 WP, half-wave plate; H, DR1/PMMA sample; D, detector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarization state of the superimposed optical fields of the two orthogonally polarized waves (with equal intensity) with phase difference δ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time evolution of the signal at detector D for (a) parallel- and (b) orthogonal-polarization writing.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity dependence of diffraction efficiency for parallel- (filled squares) and orthogonal-polarization (open circles) writing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Diffraction efficiency as a function of sample thickness for parallel-polarization writing. The dashed curve is calculated by use of Eq. (1).

Equations (1)

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η/T=πk/λσ2+πkλ2+σ221/2×cothcdcos θπkλ2+σ221/2.

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