Abstract

We propose using a nonlinear phase-shift interferometric converter (NPSIC), a new device, for lumped compensation for nonlinearity in optical fibers. The NPSIC is a nonlinear analog of the Mach–Zehnder interferometer and provides a way to control the sign of the nonlinear phase shift. We investigate a potential use of the NPSIC for compensation for nonlinearity to develop a dispersion-managed system that is closer to an ideal linear system. More importantly, the NPSIC can be used to essentially improve single-channel capacity in the nonlinear regime.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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2001 (2)

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).

P. M. Lushnikov, Opt. Lett. 26, 1535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1997 (1)

C. Weinstein, Laser Focus World 33(5), 215 (1997).

1996 (2)

1993 (2)

C. Kurtzke, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, and R. M. Derosier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

Barthelemy, A.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).

Bélanger, P.-A.

Biotteau, B.

J. P. Hamaide, F. Pitel, P. Nouchi, B. Biotteau, J. Von Wirth, P. Sansonetti, and J. Chesnoy, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’95), Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Chesnoy, J.

J. P. Hamaide, F. Pitel, P. Nouchi, B. Biotteau, J. Von Wirth, P. Sansonetti, and J. Chesnoy, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’95), Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, and R. M. Derosier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, L. G.

Couderc, V.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).

Del Burgo, S.

D. LeGuen, S. Del Burgo, L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 1999 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999).

Derosier, R. M.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, and R. M. Derosier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

Favre, F.

D. LeGuen, S. Del Burgo, L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 1999 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999).

Gabitov, I.

Georges, T.

D. LeGuen, S. Del Burgo, L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 1999 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999).

Gnauck, A. H.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, and R. M. Derosier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gripp, J.

Grot, D.

D. LeGuen, S. Del Burgo, L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 1999 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999).

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Hamaide, J. P.

J. P. Hamaide, F. Pitel, P. Nouchi, B. Biotteau, J. Von Wirth, P. Sansonetti, and J. Chesnoy, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’95), Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Henry, M.

D. LeGuen, S. Del Burgo, L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 1999 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999).

Kashima, N.

N. Kashima, Passive Optical Components for Optical Fiber Transmission (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1995), p. 334.

Kogelnik, H.

Kurtzke, C.

C. Kurtzke, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

LeGuen, D.

D. LeGuen, S. Del Burgo, L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 1999 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999).

Lin, C.

Lucas, J.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).

Lushnikov, P. M.

Mamyshev, P. V.

Mamysheva, N.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Moulinard, L.

D. LeGuen, S. Del Burgo, L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 1999 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999).

Neubelt, M. J.

Nouchi, P.

J. P. Hamaide, F. Pitel, P. Nouchi, B. Biotteau, J. Von Wirth, P. Sansonetti, and J. Chesnoy, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’95), Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Paré, C.

Pitel, F.

J. P. Hamaide, F. Pitel, P. Nouchi, B. Biotteau, J. Von Wirth, P. Sansonetti, and J. Chesnoy, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’95), Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Quemard, C.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).

Sansonetti, P.

J. P. Hamaide, F. Pitel, P. Nouchi, B. Biotteau, J. Von Wirth, P. Sansonetti, and J. Chesnoy, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’95), Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Smektala, F.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).

Tkach, R. W.

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, and R. M. Derosier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

Veng, T.

Villeneuve, A.

Von Wirth, J.

J. P. Hamaide, F. Pitel, P. Nouchi, B. Biotteau, J. Von Wirth, P. Sansonetti, and J. Chesnoy, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’95), Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

Weinstein, C.

C. Weinstein, Laser Focus World 33(5), 215 (1997).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. Kurtzke, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Chraplyvy, A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, and R. M. Derosier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).

Laser Focus World (1)

C. Weinstein, Laser Focus World 33(5), 215 (1997).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (3)

J. P. Hamaide, F. Pitel, P. Nouchi, B. Biotteau, J. Von Wirth, P. Sansonetti, and J. Chesnoy, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’95), Brussels, Belgium, September 17–21, 1995.

D. LeGuen, S. Del Burgo, L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 1999 OSA Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999).

N. Kashima, Passive Optical Components for Optical Fiber Transmission (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1995), p. 334.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the NPSIC.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FWHM τout after pulse propagation over 104 km versus a number N+1 of NPSIC units.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power distributions: 1, initial Gaussian pulse; 2, result of pulse propagation over 104 km in a DM system with no NPSIC; 3, result of pulse propagation in a DM system with two NPSIC units for each period L; 4, MDM soliton.

Equations (10)

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iuz+dzutt+σzu2u=0,
u1z=iκu2,  u2z=iκu1,
u1z0=a1Gu0,  u2z0=a2Gu0 expiπ/2+iϕnl,  u1out=u1zout,
u1out=Gu0a1 cos ϕc-a2 expiϕnlsin ϕc,
u1out=ulin1-iσhnla23G2u02l2 sin ϕca1 cos ϕc-a2 sin ϕc,
ut,z z=zm,n+0=u-izeff,nu2uz=zm,n-0,
iψˆω,m+1L-iψˆω,mL-Lω2d0ψˆω,mL+ 12π2ψˆω1,mLψˆω2,mLψˆ*ω3,mL×KtotΔδω1+ω2-ω-ω3dω1dω2dω3=0,
K1Δ=σL sin x/x,  xsΔ/2,  σLσ1L1+σ2L2,
K2Δ=-σLsin x cotx/N/N.
KtotΔ=σLsin x/xx2/3N2+Ox4/N4.

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