Abstract

A double-beam polarization-sensitive system based on optical coherence tomography was built to measure the Mueller matrix of scattering biological tissue with high spatial resolution. The Jones matrix of a sample can be determined with a single scan and subsequently converted into an equivalent nondepolarizing Mueller matrix. As a result, the system can be used to measure the Mueller matrix of an unstable sample, such as soft tissue. The polarization parameters of a porcine tendon, including magnitude and orientation of birefringence and diattenuation, were extracted by decomposition of the measured Mueller matrix.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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2000 (2)

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

1993 (1)

1987 (1)

J. J. Gil and E. Bernabeu, Optik 76, 67 (1987).

Aspect, A.

Bernabeu, E.

J. J. Gil and E. Bernabeu, Optik 76, 67 (1987).

Chen, Z.

Colston, B. W.

Da Silva, L. B.

de Boer, J. F.

Everett, M. J.

Gil, J. J.

J. J. Gil and E. Bernabeu, Optik 76, 67 (1987).

Jiao, S.

Le Jeune, B.

F. Le Roy-Brehonnet and B. Le Jeune, Prog. Quantum Electron. 21, 109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Le Roy-Brehonnet, F.

F. Le Roy-Brehonnet and B. Le Jeune, Prog. Quantum Electron. 21, 109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Milner, T. E.

Nelson, J. S.

Saxer, C.

Schoenerberger, K.

van Gemert, M. J. C.

Vansteenkiste, N.

Vignolo, P.

Wang, L.-H. V.

Xiang, S.

Yao, G.

Zhao, Y.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the double-beam polarization-sensitive OCT system: SLDH and SLDV are superluminescent diodes that are horizontally polarized (H) and vertically polarized (V), respectively; PBS1, PBS2, polarizing beam splitters; SPF, spatial filter assembly; NBS, nonpolarizing beam splitter; QW1, QW2, zero-order quarter-wave plates; M, Mirror; L1–L4, lenses; S, sample. PDH and PDV are photodiodes for H and V polarization components, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Normalized amplitude of the vertical components of the measured Jones vectors of a quarter-wave plate versus the orientation of the fast axis. HV is the horizontally polarized incident light, and VV is the vertically polarized incident light. The curves represent the expected theoretical values. (b) Phase differences between the vertical and the horizontal components of the Jones vectors of the same λ/4 plate. The standard deviations are smaller than the symbols.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

2D Mueller-matrix (M) images of a piece of porcine tendon. Each image except M00 is pixelwise normalized with the M00 element and shares the same color table. The size of each image is 0.5 mm×1 mm.

Equations (4)

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M=UJJ*U-1,
E0=JNBSJQBJSBJMJSIJQIEi=JNBSJQBJJQIEi=JTEi,
M=MPMR,
M31=PP1,P2sin2θsinδ,M32=-PP1,P2cos2θsinδ,

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