Abstract

We report the experimental generation of a 160-GHz picosecond pulse train at 1550 nm, using multiple four-wave mixing temporal compression of an initial dual-frequency beat signal in the anomalous-dispersion regime of a nonzero dispersion-shifted fiber. Complete intensity and phase characterizations of the pulse train were carried out by means of a frequency-resolved optical gating technique, showing that 1.27-ps transform-limited pedestal-free Gaussian pulses were generated.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga, and N. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 353 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Hasegawa, Opt. Lett. 9, 288 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, and A. Hasegawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. V. Mamyshev, S. V. Chernikov, and E. M. Dianov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2347 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 293 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 29, 658 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 29, 1788 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Opt. Lett. 19, 539 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. V. Chernikov, R. Kashyap, M. J. Guy, D. G. Moodie, and J. R. Taylor, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 354, 719 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. A. Swanson and S. R. Chinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 114 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Tadakuma, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), postconference digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 178–180.
  14. S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, and T. A. B. Kennedy, Phys. Rev. A 50, 1732 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Gutty, S. Pitois, P. Grelu, G. Millot, M. D. Thomson, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1389 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. M. Dudley, F. Gutty, S. Pitois, and G. Millot, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 587 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).
  18. A. Schoof, J. Grünert, S. Ritter, and A. Hemmerich, Opt. Lett. 26, 1562 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. M. Dudley, F. Gutty, S. Pitois, and G. Millot, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Schoof, J. Grünert, S. Ritter, and A. Hemmerich, Opt. Lett. 26, 1562 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga, and N. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

S. V. Chernikov, R. Kashyap, M. J. Guy, D. G. Moodie, and J. R. Taylor, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 354, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

E. A. Swanson and S. R. Chinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 114 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, and T. A. B. Kennedy, Phys. Rev. A 50, 1732 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Opt. Lett. 19, 539 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 293 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 29, 658 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 29, 1788 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. V. Mamyshev, S. V. Chernikov, and E. M. Dianov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2347 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, and A. Hasegawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Agata, A.

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).

Aso, O.

M. Tadakuma, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), postconference digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 178–180.

Chernikov, S. V.

S. V. Chernikov, R. Kashyap, M. J. Guy, D. G. Moodie, and J. R. Taylor, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 354, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Opt. Lett. 19, 539 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 293 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 29, 658 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 29, 1788 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Mamyshev, S. V. Chernikov, and E. M. Dianov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2347 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chinn, S. R.

E. A. Swanson and S. R. Chinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 114 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 293 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Mamyshev, S. V. Chernikov, and E. M. Dianov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2347 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, F. Gutty, S. Pitois, and G. Millot, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Gutty, S. Pitois, P. Grelu, G. Millot, M. D. Thomson, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, P.

Grünert, J.

Gutty, F.

J. M. Dudley, F. Gutty, S. Pitois, and G. Millot, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Gutty, S. Pitois, P. Grelu, G. Millot, M. D. Thomson, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guy, M. J.

S. V. Chernikov, R. Kashyap, M. J. Guy, D. G. Moodie, and J. R. Taylor, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 354, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, and A. Hasegawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Hasegawa, Opt. Lett. 9, 288 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmerich, A.

Jewell, J. L.

K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, and A. Hasegawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

S. V. Chernikov, R. Kashyap, M. J. Guy, D. G. Moodie, and J. R. Taylor, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 354, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Opt. Lett. 19, 539 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 29, 1788 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, T. A. B.

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, and T. A. B. Kennedy, Phys. Rev. A 50, 1732 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laming, R. I.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 293 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. V.

P. V. Mamyshev, S. V. Chernikov, and E. M. Dianov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2347 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Maruta, A.

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Millot, G.

J. M. Dudley, F. Gutty, S. Pitois, and G. Millot, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Gutty, S. Pitois, P. Grelu, G. Millot, M. D. Thomson, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moodie, D. G.

S. V. Chernikov, R. Kashyap, M. J. Guy, D. G. Moodie, and J. R. Taylor, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 354, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morita, T.

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, N.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga, and N. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

M. Tadakuma, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), postconference digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 178–180.

Okamoto, S.

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 293 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pitois, S.

J. M. Dudley, F. Gutty, S. Pitois, and G. Millot, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Gutty, S. Pitois, P. Grelu, G. Millot, M. D. Thomson, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 293 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, S.

Schoof, A.

Suzuki, A.

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

E. A. Swanson and S. R. Chinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 114 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tadakuma, M.

M. Tadakuma, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), postconference digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 178–180.

Tai, K.

K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, and A. Hasegawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K. R.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga, and N. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

S. V. Chernikov, R. Kashyap, M. J. Guy, D. G. Moodie, and J. R. Taylor, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 354, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Opt. Lett. 19, 539 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 29, 1788 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 29, 658 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M. D.

Tomita, A.

K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, and A. Hasegawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Trillo, S.

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, and T. A. B. Kennedy, Phys. Rev. A 50, 1732 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wabnitz, S.

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, and T. A. B. Kennedy, Phys. Rev. A 50, 1732 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, T.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga, and N. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yonenaga, K.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga, and N. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga, and N. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 293 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell, and A. Hasegawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 236 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata, and A. Hasegawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 1947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 29, 658 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 29, 1788 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. V. Mamyshev, S. V. Chernikov, and E. M. Dianov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2347 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, F. Gutty, S. Pitois, and G. Millot, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

E. A. Swanson and S. R. Chinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 114 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga, and N. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 353 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

S. V. Chernikov, R. Kashyap, M. J. Guy, D. G. Moodie, and J. R. Taylor, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 354, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, and T. A. B. Kennedy, Phys. Rev. A 50, 1732 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).

M. Tadakuma, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), postconference digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 178–180.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Results of numerical simulation of transformation of a beat signal into a train of short pulses for an input average total power of 24 dBm (0.25 W). (a1) Phase variation. (a2) Intensity of the compressed pulse train (solid curve) and the input beat signal (dashed curve). (a3) Spectrum of the compressed pulse train. (b1), (b2), and (b3) Results of the pulse-train compression with an input average power of 30 dBm (1 W). (c) Optimum length versus the input total power. (d) Output pulse width (solid curve) and proportion of pedestal energy ×.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup: ECL 1, ECL 2, external-cavity lasers; PM, polarization-maintaining; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; ATT, variable attenuator; PC, polarization controllers; OSA’s optical spectrum analyzers; BBO, β-barium borate; SBS, stimulated Brillouin scattering.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured and (b) retrieved SHG-FROG traces of the generated pulse train at 160 GHz. (c) Solid curve, retrieved intensity (left-hand axis); dashed curve, retrieved phase (right-hand axis). (d) Least-squares fit of the retrieved pulse shape (open circles) by a Gaussian function (solid curve). (e) Measured autocorrelation and (f) spectrum of the pulse train at fiber output (solid curves). The open circles show the autocorrelation and the spectrum calculated from the retrieved intensity and phase.

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