Abstract

Frequency and timing noise added in a linear optical amplifier of gain G grows as G-1/G. Provided that the pulse is initially in a coherent state, the output frequency and timing noise cannot exceed twice the input value. It is also shown that, in a transmission line with zero net gain and loss, the frequency and timing noise added in the lossy medium is equal to or larger than the noise added in the amplifier.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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