Abstract

The performance of an adaptive interferometer based on mixing of light waves with different polarization states in a photorefractive GaP crystal at λ=0.633 µm is described. Both high sensitivity and fast response time are achieved with a low-power He–Ne laser. The parameters of the interferometer are appropriate for remote ultrasound detection in an industrial environment.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J.-P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, J.-C. Launay, and G. Roosen, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5913 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J.-P. Monchalin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. A. Kamshilin and A. I. Grachev, “Adaptive interferometer based on wave mixing in a photorefractive crystal under an alternating electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).
  6. M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, P. M. Ranon, M. B. Klein, and S. B. Trivedi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1461 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 292 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. A. Kamshilin and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 23 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. A. Kamshilin, K. Paivasaari, M. B. Klein, and B. Pouet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4098 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J.-P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. A. Kamshilin, K. Paivasaari, M. B. Klein, and B. Pouet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, J.-C. Launay, and G. Roosen, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J.-P. Monchalin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1985 (2)

S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 292 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kamshilin and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 23 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Blouin, A.

Campagne, B.

B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J.-P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
[CrossRef]

de Montmorillon, L.-A.

P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J.-P. Monchalin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, J.-C. Launay, and G. Roosen, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delaye, P.

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, J.-C. Launay, and G. Roosen, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J.-P. Monchalin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dewhurst, R. J.

R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Drolet, D.

Grachev, A. I.

A. A. Kamshilin and A. I. Grachev, “Adaptive interferometer based on wave mixing in a photorefractive crystal under an alternating electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Kamshilin, A. A.

A. A. Kamshilin, K. Paivasaari, M. B. Klein, and B. Pouet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kamshilin and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 23 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kamshilin and A. I. Grachev, “Adaptive interferometer based on wave mixing in a photorefractive crystal under an alternating electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Klein, M. B.

A. A. Kamshilin, K. Paivasaari, M. B. Klein, and B. Pouet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Ziari, W. H. Steier, P. M. Ranon, M. B. Klein, and S. B. Trivedi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1461 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Launay, J.-C.

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, J.-C. Launay, and G. Roosen, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Monchalin, J.-P.

Paivasaari, K.

A. A. Kamshilin, K. Paivasaari, M. B. Klein, and B. Pouet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, M. P.

A. A. Kamshilin and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 23 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 292 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Pouet, B.

A. A. Kamshilin, K. Paivasaari, M. B. Klein, and B. Pouet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, L.

B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J.-P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ranon, P. M.

Roosen, G.

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, J.-C. Launay, and G. Roosen, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J.-P. Monchalin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shan, Q.

R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Steier, W. H.

Stepanov, S. I.

S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 292 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Trivedi, S. B.

Ziari, M.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Kamshilin, K. Paivasaari, M. B. Klein, and B. Pouet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, J.-C. Launay, and G. Roosen, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. J. Dewhurst and Q. Shan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 10, R139 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 292 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kamshilin and M. P. Petrov, Opt. Commun. 53, 23 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

B. Campagne, A. Blouin, L. Pujol, and J.-P. Monchalin, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2478 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. A. Kamshilin and A. I. Grachev, “Adaptive interferometer based on wave mixing in a photorefractive crystal under an alternating electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental layout: PBS, polarization beam splitter; HWPs, half-wave plates; QWP, quarter-wave plate; EOM, electro-optic modulator; L1,2,3, lenses; PD, photodiode. The polarization states of the signal and the reference beams are shown in the inset at the top.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Signal waveform measured with the VWM interferometer when an alternating external field of 7 kV/cm is applied to the GaP crystal. The phase of the signal beam is modulated at a frequency of 45 kHz. Trace a is an electrical signal from the photodiode; trace b is the voltage applied to the crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Minimal surface displacement that can be measured by the VWM interferometer with the GaP crystal at λ=0.633 µm as a function of the external electric field.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the low cutoff frequency on the average intensity of the interfering beams when no voltage is applied to the crystal (crosses) and at 7 kV/cm of an ac electric field (circles).

Equations (1)

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δmin=λ4πhνΔf2ηPS.

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