Abstract

We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, optical parametric oscillation based on four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber. The measured wavelength-tunability range of the device (40 nm) and the threshold-pump peak power (34.4 W) are in good agreement with the theory of four-wave mixing in optical fibers. The ellipticity of the fiber’s polarization modes allows the device to be implemented in a relatively simple Fabry–Perot configuration. Spectral peaks that are due to cascaded-mixing processes are easily observed in our setup, which may provide a way to extend the tunability range of existing high-power lasers.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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2002 (2)

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (5)

2000 (3)

1999 (3)

D. K. Serkland and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 24, 92 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennett, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 24, 1395 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Andres, M. V.

Andres, P.

Arriaga, J.

Bennett, P. J.

Birks, T. A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 25, 1325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjarklev, A.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Broeng, J.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Chandalia, J. K.

Coker, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fajardo, J. C.

D. Ouzounov, D. Homoelle, W. Zipfel, W. W. Webb, A. L. Gaeta, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Commun. 192, 219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ferrando, A.

Fiorentino, M.

M. Fiorentino, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, A. Coker, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 1048 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

D. Ouzounov, D. Homoelle, W. Zipfel, W. W. Webb, A. L. Gaeta, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Commun. 192, 219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gander, M. J.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, K. P.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Homoelle, D.

D. Ouzounov, D. Homoelle, W. Zipfel, W. W. Webb, A. L. Gaeta, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Commun. 192, 219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, C.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Jensen, J. R.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Jones, J. D. C.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

F. G. Omenetto, A. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 26, 1158 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 25, 1325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knox, W. H.

Koch, K. W.

D. Ouzounov, D. Homoelle, W. Zipfel, W. W. Webb, A. L. Gaeta, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Commun. 192, 219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kosinski, S. G.

Kumar, P.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, A. Coker, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 1048 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Serkland and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 24, 92 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Mangan, B. J.

McBride, R.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miret, J.

Mogilevtsev, D.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Moores, M. D.

Omenetto, F. G.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 25, 1325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ouzounov, D.

D. Ouzounov, D. Homoelle, W. Zipfel, W. W. Webb, A. L. Gaeta, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Commun. 192, 219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, A.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Ranka, J. K.

Richardson, D. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

F. G. Omenetto, A. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 26, 1158 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 25, 1325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serkland, D. K.

Sharping, J. E.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, A. Coker, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 1048 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Simonsen, H. R.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Stentz, A. J.

Sylvestre, E.

Taylor, A.

Voss, P.

M. Fiorentino, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Webb, W. W.

D. Ouzounov, D. Homoelle, W. Zipfel, W. W. Webb, A. L. Gaeta, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Commun. 192, 219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

West, J. A.

D. Ouzounov, D. Homoelle, W. Zipfel, W. W. Webb, A. L. Gaeta, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Commun. 192, 219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Xu, C.

Zipfel, W.

D. Ouzounov, D. Homoelle, W. Zipfel, W. W. Webb, A. L. Gaeta, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Commun. 192, 219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 77 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Ouzounov, D. Homoelle, W. Zipfel, W. W. Webb, A. L. Gaeta, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Commun. 192, 219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Other (2)

K. P. Hansen, J. R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H. R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P. M. W. Skovgaard, A. Petersson, and A. Bjarklev, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the MFOPO. Inset, measured wavelength dependence of GVD coefficient D in the vicinity of λ0 for the two polarization modes of the MF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Signal output average power versus pump peak power, showing the threshold behavior of the oscillator. Inset, typical intracavity spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Composite of the output spectra with oscillating signals at 733, 736, 740, 766, 768, and 772 nm (lighter solid curves). The darker solid curve shows the PF peaks with the MFOPO cavity blocked. Dashed curve, expected FWM small-signal gain spectrum.

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