Abstract

Using nonlinear ellipse rotation in a gas-filled hollow waveguide, we have increased the pulse contrast of a microjoule femtosecond laser pulse by several orders of magnitude. This scheme offers a number of advantages over competing techniques, including a high degree of tunability that allows for a broad range of input pulse parameters, higher throughput, greater stability, and an output pulse with high spatial quality that is compressible to a quarter of the original temporal width.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
  2. G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.
  3. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), p. 170.
  4. K. Sala and M. C. Richardson, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2268 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. B. Altshuler, V. B. Karasev, S. A. Kozlov, T. A. Murina, and N. N. Rozanov, Opt. Spectrosk. 61, 359 (1986).
  6. J. Tapié and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 136 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. See, for example, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. See, for example, G. Tempea and T. Brabec, Opt. Lett. 23, 762 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Tempea and T. Brabec, Opt. Lett. 23, 1286 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Fibich and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Lett. 25, 335 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Homoelle and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Lett. 25, 761 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. J. Weber, ed., CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1986), Vol. 3, p. 207.
  15. Steve Rotyliano, Nova Phase, Newton, N.J. 07860 (personal communication, July 30, 2002).

2000

1998

See, for example, G. Tempea and T. Brabec, Opt. Lett. 23, 762 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Tempea and T. Brabec, Opt. Lett. 23, 1286 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

1997

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

See, for example, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992

1986

G. B. Altshuler, V. B. Karasev, S. A. Kozlov, T. A. Murina, and N. N. Rozanov, Opt. Spectrosk. 61, 359 (1986).

1978

K. Sala and M. C. Richardson, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2268 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Altshuler, G. B.

G. B. Altshuler, V. B. Karasev, S. A. Kozlov, T. A. Murina, and N. N. Rozanov, Opt. Spectrosk. 61, 359 (1986).

Auge, F.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

Bouvier, M.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), p. 170.

Brabec, T.

Buma, T.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Chambaret, J. P.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

Cheng, Z.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cheriaux, G.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See, for example, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Faure, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Fibich, G.

Gaeta, A. L.

Homoelle, D.

Itatani, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Kaplan, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Karasev, V. B.

G. B. Altshuler, V. B. Karasev, S. A. Kozlov, T. A. Murina, and N. N. Rozanov, Opt. Spectrosk. 61, 359 (1986).

Kozlov, S. A.

G. B. Altshuler, V. B. Karasev, S. A. Kozlov, T. A. Murina, and N. N. Rozanov, Opt. Spectrosk. 61, 359 (1986).

Krausz, F.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

J. Tapié and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 136 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

Murina, T. A.

G. B. Altshuler, V. B. Karasev, S. A. Kozlov, T. A. Murina, and N. N. Rozanov, Opt. Spectrosk. 61, 359 (1986).

Nantel, M.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Nees, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Planchon, T.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

Pronko, P.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Richardson, M. C.

K. Sala and M. C. Richardson, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2268 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rotyliano, Steve

Steve Rotyliano, Nova Phase, Newton, N.J. 07860 (personal communication, July 30, 2002).

Rozanov, N. N.

G. B. Altshuler, V. B. Karasev, S. A. Kozlov, T. A. Murina, and N. N. Rozanov, Opt. Spectrosk. 61, 359 (1986).

Sala, K.

K. Sala and M. C. Richardson, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2268 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See, for example, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tapié, J.

Tempea, G.

Tien, A. C.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Umstadter, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Van Rompay, P.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

Appl. Phys. B

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

See, for example, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).

J. Appl. Phys.

K. Sala and M. C. Richardson, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2268 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Nova Phase

Steve Rotyliano, Nova Phase, Newton, N.J. 07860 (personal communication, July 30, 2002).

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosk.

G. B. Altshuler, V. B. Karasev, S. A. Kozlov, T. A. Murina, and N. N. Rozanov, Opt. Spectrosk. 61, 359 (1986).

Other

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), p. 170.

M. J. Weber, ed., CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1986), Vol. 3, p. 207.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of experimental setup for pulse contrast enhancement, based on NER.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized experimental second-order autocorrelations for a pulse with a 10% side peak (a) before and (b) after passing through the hollow-waveguide scheme and a pulse with 1% side peak (c) before and (d) after passing through the pulse cleaner.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Percentage of the pulse energy in the horizontal and vertical polarization modes after the second λ/4 plate and (squares) experimental data as a function of gas pressure.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Second-order intensity autocorrelation of pulses produced by our simulations: (a) input and (b) output autocorrelations of a pulse with a 6.5% side pulse to match the experiment [see Figs. 2(a) and 2(b)]; (c) input and (d) output autocorrelations of a pulse with a 1% side pulse, corresponding to Figs. 2(c) and 2(d).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Linear and (b) log plots of the output (dashed curves) before compression and (solid curves) after compression.

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