Abstract

Molten alloys under high pressure were used to obtain fibers with long internal electrodes that are solid at room temperature. An integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer was constructed from a twin-core twin-hole fiber that permitted application of an electric field preferentially to one of the cores. Good stability and a switching voltage of 1.4 kV were measured with a 1-m-long fiber device with a quadratic voltage dependence.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2001 (2)

1999 (1)

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

P. G. Kazansky, P. St. J. Russell, L. Dong, and C. N. Pannel, Electron. Lett. 31, 62 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, L. Dong, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 19, 701 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

Bergot, M. V.

Birch, R. D.

L. Li, R. D. Birch, and D. N. Payne, in Digest of IEE Colloquium on Advanced Fibre Waveguide Devices (Institution of Electrical and Engineers, London, 1986), p. 10.

Brueck, S. R. J.

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, J. F.

Dong, L.

P. G. Kazansky, P. St. J. Russell, L. Dong, and C. N. Pannel, Electron. Lett. 31, 62 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, L. Dong, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 19, 701 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

Farries, M. C.

Fermann, M. E.

Fleming, S.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hale, A.

Janos, M.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

P. G. Kazansky, P. St. J. Russell, L. Dong, and C. N. Pannel, Electron. Lett. 31, 62 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, L. Dong, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 19, 701 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kerbage, C.

Kino, G. S.

Li, L.

M. V. Bergot, M. C. Farries, M. E. Fermann, L. Li, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, and A. Smithson, Opt. Lett. 13, 592 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, R. D. Birch, and D. N. Payne, in Digest of IEE Colloquium on Advanced Fibre Waveguide Devices (Institution of Electrical and Engineers, London, 1986), p. 10.

Liu, A. C.

Lo, K.-M.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Long, X. C.

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Myers, R. A.

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pannel, C. N.

P. G. Kazansky, P. St. J. Russell, L. Dong, and C. N. Pannel, Electron. Lett. 31, 62 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

L. Li, R. D. Birch, and D. N. Payne, in Digest of IEE Colloquium on Advanced Fibre Waveguide Devices (Institution of Electrical and Engineers, London, 1986), p. 10.

Poyntz-Wright, L. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Smithson, A.

Westbrook, P.

Windeler, R. S.

Wong, D.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, Electron. Lett. 30, 2162 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, P. St. J. Russell, L. Dong, and C. N. Pannel, Electron. Lett. 31, 62 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

D. Wong, W. Xu, S. Fleming, M. Janos, and K.-M. Lo, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

L. Li, R. D. Birch, and D. N. Payne, in Digest of IEE Colloquium on Advanced Fibre Waveguide Devices (Institution of Electrical and Engineers, London, 1986), p. 10.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the metal-insertion technique. The fiber cross section is also shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fiber with holes showing protruding electrodes inserted in molten form at high pressure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup. A single fringe is detected after the slit. Det., detector.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity of the optical signal detected after the slit as a function of (a) applied voltage to the MZI fiber and (b) applied voltage squared.

Equations (1)

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Vπ=nλd2/6Lχ31/2,

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