Abstract

A novel scheme for postnonlinearity compensation is proposed to reduce the phase jitter in phase-shift keying transmission. A phase modulator is used to modulate the phase of the data pulses in front of the receiver. The magnitude of the phase modulation is proportional to the detected pulse intensity, and the sign is opposite to that of the nonlinear phase shift caused by self-phase modulation. Thus, the nonlinear phase noise induced by amplitude fluctuation and self-phase modulation is partially compensated for. We show by numerical simulations that a differential phase-shift keying dispersion-managed soliton system at 10 Gbits/s with such postnonlinearity compensation can provide greater than 3 dB of improvement in ultralong-haul dense wavelength-division multiplexing transmissions.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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2002 (2)

2001 (1)

M. Hanna, H. Porte, J.-P. Goedgebuer, and W. T. Rhodes, Electron. Lett. 37, 644 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Rohde, C. Caspar, N. Heimes, M. Konitzer, E.-J. Bachus, and N. Hanik, Electron. Lett. 36, 1483 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and A. Berntson, Electron. Lett. 34, 481 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1990 (1)

Agarwal, A.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Atia, W. A.

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1999 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1999), paper TuM3.

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M. Rohde, C. Caspar, N. Heimes, M. Konitzer, E.-J. Bachus, and N. Hanik, Electron. Lett. 36, 1483 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, S.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

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[CrossRef]

Bondurant, R. S.

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1999 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1999), paper TuM3.

Caspar, C.

M. Rohde, C. Caspar, N. Heimes, M. Konitzer, E.-J. Bachus, and N. Hanik, Electron. Lett. 36, 1483 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Doerr, C.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

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J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and A. Berntson, Electron. Lett. 34, 481 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Pare, A. Villeneuve, P. A. Belanger, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Lett. 21, 459 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Forysiak, W.

J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and A. Berntson, Electron. Lett. 34, 481 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gabitov, I. R.

Gill, D. M.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Goedgebuer, J.-P.

M. Hanna, H. Porte, J.-P. Goedgebuer, and W. T. Rhodes, Electron. Lett. 37, 644 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Grosz, D.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Hanik, N.

M. Rohde, C. Caspar, N. Heimes, M. Konitzer, E.-J. Bachus, and N. Hanik, Electron. Lett. 36, 1483 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, M.

M. Hanna, H. Porte, J.-P. Goedgebuer, and W. T. Rhodes, Electron. Lett. 37, 644 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heimes, N.

M. Rohde, C. Caspar, N. Heimes, M. Konitzer, E.-J. Bachus, and N. Hanik, Electron. Lett. 36, 1483 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hunsche, S.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Konitzer, M.

M. Rohde, C. Caspar, N. Heimes, M. Konitzer, E.-J. Bachus, and N. Hanik, Electron. Lett. 36, 1483 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Leuthold, J.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, X. Wei, R. Slusher, and C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Lett. 27, 1616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, have submitted a paper titled “Ultra-long haul DWDM transmission with DPSK dispersion managed soliton,” to be presented at the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2002).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Lushnikov, P.

Mamyshev, P. V.

Marhelyuk, A.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Maywar, D.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Movassaghi, M.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Nijhof, J. H. B.

J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and A. Berntson, Electron. Lett. 34, 481 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pare, C.

Porte, H.

M. Hanna, H. Porte, J.-P. Goedgebuer, and W. T. Rhodes, Electron. Lett. 37, 644 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Rhodes, W. T.

M. Hanna, H. Porte, J.-P. Goedgebuer, and W. T. Rhodes, Electron. Lett. 37, 644 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rohde, M.

M. Rohde, C. Caspar, N. Heimes, M. Konitzer, E.-J. Bachus, and N. Hanik, Electron. Lett. 36, 1483 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R.

Stul, L.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Villeneuve, A.

Wei, X.

X. Liu, X. Wei, R. Slusher, and C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Lett. 27, 1616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, have submitted a paper titled “Ultra-long haul DWDM transmission with DPSK dispersion managed soliton,” to be presented at the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2002).

Xu, C.

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, have submitted a paper titled “Ultra-long haul DWDM transmission with DPSK dispersion managed soliton,” to be presented at the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2002).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Rohde, C. Caspar, N. Heimes, M. Konitzer, E.-J. Bachus, and N. Hanik, Electron. Lett. 36, 1483 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Hanna, H. Porte, J.-P. Goedgebuer, and W. T. Rhodes, Electron. Lett. 37, 644 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and A. Berntson, Electron. Lett. 34, 481 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (3)

C. Xu, X. Liu, and X. Wei, have submitted a paper titled “Ultra-long haul DWDM transmission with DPSK dispersion managed soliton,” to be presented at the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2002).

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1999 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1999), paper TuM3.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stul, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, postdeadline paper presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), Anaheim, Calif., March 17–22, 2002.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic drawing of a PSK system with PNC.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phasor diagrams of the E-field at a transmission distance of 6000 km (a) without and (b) with PNC. Re(E), real part of the E-field; Im(E), imaginary part of the E-field.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmitted electrical eye diagrams at a distance of 6000 km (a) without and (b) with PNC.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plots of Q factors versus transmission distance. The error-free Q value of 15.6 dB is also indicated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Improvement of phase Q at 6000 km as a function of the effective electrical bandwidth (i.e., the electrical bandwidth of the p-i-n diode, the rf amplifier, and the phase modulator combined) for the phase modulation.

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