Abstract

We show that significant improvements in transmission performance can be achieved in differential phase-shift-keyed systems by use of lumped nonlinear phase-shift compensation (NPSC). A simple device that provides NPSC is described. In a 10Gbit/s single-channel system based on dispersion-managed solitons, an improvement in performance Q2 of almost 6 dB is realized by NPSC after 6000 km of transmission. In dense wavelength-division multiplexed systems, interchannel cross-phase modulation reduces the effectiveness of NPSC slightly.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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2002

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie and C. Xie, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Gabitov and P. M. Lushnikov, Opt. Lett. 27, 113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, J. Santhanam, and G. P. Agrawal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Commun. 200, 165 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1993

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

1986

Agrawal, G. P.

Atia, W. A.

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, 1999 IEEE Lasers and Electro-optics Society Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), paper TuM3.

Baek, Y.

Belanger, P. A.

Blow, K. J.

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bondurant, R. S.

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, 1999 IEEE Lasers and Electro-optics Society Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), paper TuM3.

Doran, N. J.

C. Pare, A. Villeneuve, P. A. Belanger, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Lett. 21, 459 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Forysiak, W.

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fukotuko, M.

T. Miyano, M. Fukotuko, K. Hattori, and H. Ono, in Optoelectronics & Communications Conference (OECC 2000) (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, New Jersey, 2000), paper 14D3-3.

Gabitov, I. R.

Goedgebuer, J. P.

Gordon, J. P.

Gripp, J.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Hanna, M.

Hattori, K.

T. Miyano, M. Fukotuko, K. Hattori, and H. Ono, in Optoelectronics & Communications Conference (OECC 2000) (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, New Jersey, 2000), paper 14D3-3.

Haus, H. A.

Iannone, E.

E. Iannone, F. Matera, A. Mecozzi, and M. Settembre, Nonlinear Optical Communication Networks (Wiley, New York, 1998).

Leibrich, J.

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, J. A.

Lovering, D. J.

Lushnikov, P. M.

Mamyshev, P. V.

Mamysheva, N.

Matera, F.

E. Iannone, F. Matera, A. Mecozzi, and M. Settembre, Nonlinear Optical Communication Networks (Wiley, New York, 1998).

McKinstrie, C. J.

C. J. McKinstrie and C. Xie, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, J. Santhanam, and G. P. Agrawal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Commun. 200, 165 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mecozzi, A.

E. Iannone, F. Matera, A. Mecozzi, and M. Settembre, Nonlinear Optical Communication Networks (Wiley, New York, 1998).

Miyano, T.

T. Miyano, M. Fukotuko, K. Hattori, and H. Ono, in Optoelectronics & Communications Conference (OECC 2000) (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, New Jersey, 2000), paper 14D3-3.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Neubelt, M. J.

Ono, H.

T. Miyano, M. Fukotuko, K. Hattori, and H. Ono, in Optoelectronics & Communications Conference (OECC 2000) (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, New Jersey, 2000), paper 14D3-3.

Pare, C.

Porte, H.

Rhodes, W. T.

Rosenkranz, W.

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Santhanam, J.

Schiek, R.

Settembre, M.

E. Iannone, F. Matera, A. Mecozzi, and M. Settembre, Nonlinear Optical Communication Networks (Wiley, New York, 1998).

Stegeman, G. I.

Veng, T.

Vidakovic, P.

Villeneuve, A.

Webjorn, J.

Wree, C.

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

C. J. McKinstrie and C. Xie, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

C. J. McKinstrie and C. Xie, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 616 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Leibrich, C. Wree, and W. Rosenkranz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Commun. 200, 165 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

T. Miyano, M. Fukotuko, K. Hattori, and H. Ono, in Optoelectronics & Communications Conference (OECC 2000) (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, New Jersey, 2000), paper 14D3-3.

E. Iannone, F. Matera, A. Mecozzi, and M. Settembre, Nonlinear Optical Communication Networks (Wiley, New York, 1998).

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, 1999 IEEE Lasers and Electro-optics Society Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2000), paper TuM3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed transmission scheme incorporating DPSK and NPSC (in front of the receiver). Inset, schematic of one realization of the proposed NPSC with the negative nonlinear phase shift generated through a cascaded quadratic process in a PPLN waveguide. Pre- (post)-D-comp; predispersion (postdispersion) compensator; P.C., polarization controller; DFB, distributed-feedback; 10-G, 10Gbit/s.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phasor diagrams of the output pulse centers after 6000-km DWDM transmissions in (a) and (a′) single-channel WDM, (b) and (b′) 100-GHz-spaced WDM, and (c) and (c′) 50-GHz-spaced WDM 10Gbit/s DMS–DPSK system without (top row) and with (bottom row) NPSC.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of differential-phase Q factor on the amount of compensating nonlinear phase shift in a single-channel system and DWDM systems with 100- and 50-GHz channel spacings.

Equations (1)

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ϕ2z=20zSz/E0c1+c3γ0z+ϕc2dz.

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