Abstract

We describe a novel scheme consisting of two deformable bimorph mirrors that can free ultrashort laser pulses from simultaneously present strong wave-front distortions and intensity-profile modulations. This scheme is applied to the Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik 10-TW Advanced Titanium-Sapphire Laser (ATLAS) facility. We demonstrate that with this scheme the focusability of the ATLAS pulses can be improved from 1018 to 2×1019 W/cm2 without any penalty in recompression fidelity.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Erbert, L. Bass, R. Hackel, S. Jenkins, K. Kanz, and J. Paisner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 390–391.
  2. M. Pittmann, J. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, S. Ferré, J. Chambaret, and G. Cheriaux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 83.
  3. S. Backus, R. Bartels, S. Thompson, R. Dollinger, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 26, 465 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Van Wonterghem, J. Murray, J. Campbell, D. Speck, C. Barker, I. Smith, D. Browning, and W. Behrend, Appl. Opt. 36, 4932 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Akaoka, S. Harayama, K. Tei, Y. Marayuma, and T. Arisawa, Proc. SPIE 3265, 219 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Druon, G. Cheriaux, J. Faure, J. Nees, M. Nantel, A. Maksimchuk, J. Chanteloup, and G. Vodvin, Opt. Lett. 23, 1043 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Chanteloup, H. Baldis, A. Migus, G. Mourou, B. Loiseaux, and J. Huignard, Opt. Lett. 23, 475 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Nemoto, T. Fujiti, and N. Goto, Proc. SPIE 2119, 155 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Roger, J. Phys. Colloq. 41, 399 (1980).
  10. K. Li You, Q. C. Dong, and W. D. Xiang, High-Power Laser Particle Beams 12, 665 (2000).
  11. A. Tokovinin, M. Le Louarn, E. Viard, N. Hubin, and R. Conan, Astron. Astrophys. 378, 710 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Yamakawa, P. Chin, A. Magano, and J. Kmetec, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 2698 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. DM1 and DM2 were produced in the mainframe of Max-Planck-Institut–ILIT RAS collaboration. See also J. Dainty, A. Koryabin, and A. Kudryashov, Appl. Opt. 37, 4663 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Wang, Z. Xu, and Z.-Q. Zhang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), p. 337.

2001 (3)

S. Backus, R. Bartels, S. Thompson, R. Dollinger, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 26, 465 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Tokovinin, M. Le Louarn, E. Viard, N. Hubin, and R. Conan, Astron. Astrophys. 378, 710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, Z. Xu, and Z.-Q. Zhang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. Li You, Q. C. Dong, and W. D. Xiang, High-Power Laser Particle Beams 12, 665 (2000).

1998 (3)

1997 (1)

K. Akaoka, S. Harayama, K. Tei, Y. Marayuma, and T. Arisawa, Proc. SPIE 3265, 219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

K. Nemoto, T. Fujiti, and N. Goto, Proc. SPIE 2119, 155 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, P. Chin, A. Magano, and J. Kmetec, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 2698 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

G. Roger, J. Phys. Colloq. 41, 399 (1980).

1977 (1)

Akaoka, K.

K. Akaoka, S. Harayama, K. Tei, Y. Marayuma, and T. Arisawa, Proc. SPIE 3265, 219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Arisawa, T.

K. Akaoka, S. Harayama, K. Tei, Y. Marayuma, and T. Arisawa, Proc. SPIE 3265, 219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Baldis, H.

Barker, C.

Bartels, R.

Bass, L.

G. Erbert, L. Bass, R. Hackel, S. Jenkins, K. Kanz, and J. Paisner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 390–391.

Behrend, W.

Browning, D.

Campbell, J.

Chambaret, J.

M. Pittmann, J. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, S. Ferré, J. Chambaret, and G. Cheriaux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 83.

Chanteloup, J.

Cheriaux, G.

F. Druon, G. Cheriaux, J. Faure, J. Nees, M. Nantel, A. Maksimchuk, J. Chanteloup, and G. Vodvin, Opt. Lett. 23, 1043 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Pittmann, J. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, S. Ferré, J. Chambaret, and G. Cheriaux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 83.

Chin, P.

K. Yamakawa, P. Chin, A. Magano, and J. Kmetec, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 2698 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Conan, R.

A. Tokovinin, M. Le Louarn, E. Viard, N. Hubin, and R. Conan, Astron. Astrophys. 378, 710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dainty, J.

Dollinger, R.

Dong, Q. C.

K. Li You, Q. C. Dong, and W. D. Xiang, High-Power Laser Particle Beams 12, 665 (2000).

Druon, F.

Erbert, G.

G. Erbert, L. Bass, R. Hackel, S. Jenkins, K. Kanz, and J. Paisner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 390–391.

Faure, J.

Ferré, S.

M. Pittmann, J. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, S. Ferré, J. Chambaret, and G. Cheriaux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 83.

Fujiti, T.

K. Nemoto, T. Fujiti, and N. Goto, Proc. SPIE 2119, 155 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Goto, N.

K. Nemoto, T. Fujiti, and N. Goto, Proc. SPIE 2119, 155 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, R.

G. Erbert, L. Bass, R. Hackel, S. Jenkins, K. Kanz, and J. Paisner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 390–391.

Harayama, S.

K. Akaoka, S. Harayama, K. Tei, Y. Marayuma, and T. Arisawa, Proc. SPIE 3265, 219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hubin, N.

A. Tokovinin, M. Le Louarn, E. Viard, N. Hubin, and R. Conan, Astron. Astrophys. 378, 710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.

Jenkins, S.

G. Erbert, L. Bass, R. Hackel, S. Jenkins, K. Kanz, and J. Paisner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 390–391.

Kanz, K.

G. Erbert, L. Bass, R. Hackel, S. Jenkins, K. Kanz, and J. Paisner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 390–391.

Kapteyn, H.

Kmetec, J.

K. Yamakawa, P. Chin, A. Magano, and J. Kmetec, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 2698 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koryabin, A.

Kudryashov, A.

Le Louarn, M.

A. Tokovinin, M. Le Louarn, E. Viard, N. Hubin, and R. Conan, Astron. Astrophys. 378, 710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Loiseaux, B.

Magano, A.

K. Yamakawa, P. Chin, A. Magano, and J. Kmetec, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 2698 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Maksimchuk, A.

Marayuma, Y.

K. Akaoka, S. Harayama, K. Tei, Y. Marayuma, and T. Arisawa, Proc. SPIE 3265, 219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

Murray, J.

Nantel, M.

Nees, J.

Nemoto, K.

K. Nemoto, T. Fujiti, and N. Goto, Proc. SPIE 2119, 155 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Notebaert, L.

M. Pittmann, J. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, S. Ferré, J. Chambaret, and G. Cheriaux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 83.

Paisner, J.

G. Erbert, L. Bass, R. Hackel, S. Jenkins, K. Kanz, and J. Paisner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 390–391.

Pittmann, M.

M. Pittmann, J. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, S. Ferré, J. Chambaret, and G. Cheriaux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 83.

Roger, G.

G. Roger, J. Phys. Colloq. 41, 399 (1980).

Rousseau, J.

M. Pittmann, J. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, S. Ferré, J. Chambaret, and G. Cheriaux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 83.

Smith, I.

Smith, W. J.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), p. 337.

Speck, D.

Tei, K.

K. Akaoka, S. Harayama, K. Tei, Y. Marayuma, and T. Arisawa, Proc. SPIE 3265, 219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, S.

Tokovinin, A.

A. Tokovinin, M. Le Louarn, E. Viard, N. Hubin, and R. Conan, Astron. Astrophys. 378, 710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Van Wonterghem, B.

Viard, E.

A. Tokovinin, M. Le Louarn, E. Viard, N. Hubin, and R. Conan, Astron. Astrophys. 378, 710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vodvin, G.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Xu, and Z.-Q. Zhang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, W. D.

K. Li You, Q. C. Dong, and W. D. Xiang, High-Power Laser Particle Beams 12, 665 (2000).

Xu, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Xu, and Z.-Q. Zhang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

K. Yamakawa, P. Chin, A. Magano, and J. Kmetec, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 2698 (1994).
[CrossRef]

You, K. Li

K. Li You, Q. C. Dong, and W. D. Xiang, High-Power Laser Particle Beams 12, 665 (2000).

Zhang, Z.-Q.

Z. Wang, Z. Xu, and Z.-Q. Zhang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

A. Tokovinin, M. Le Louarn, E. Viard, N. Hubin, and R. Conan, Astron. Astrophys. 378, 710 (2001).
[CrossRef]

High-Power Laser Particle Beams (1)

K. Li You, Q. C. Dong, and W. D. Xiang, High-Power Laser Particle Beams 12, 665 (2000).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. Yamakawa, P. Chin, A. Magano, and J. Kmetec, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 2698 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, Z. Xu, and Z.-Q. Zhang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Colloq. (1)

G. Roger, J. Phys. Colloq. 41, 399 (1980).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (2)

K. Nemoto, T. Fujiti, and N. Goto, Proc. SPIE 2119, 155 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Akaoka, S. Harayama, K. Tei, Y. Marayuma, and T. Arisawa, Proc. SPIE 3265, 219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

G. Erbert, L. Bass, R. Hackel, S. Jenkins, K. Kanz, and J. Paisner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 390–391.

M. Pittmann, J. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, S. Ferré, J. Chambaret, and G. Cheriaux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 83.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), p. 337.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of the final amplifier in the ATLAS facility with two deformable mirrors, DM1 and DM2, closed loop, and three target chambers (TCH5–TCH7). The TiS crystal of 40-mm outer diameter is pumped from two sides. The TiS pulse provided by the front end passes through the crystal four times and is thereby amplified from 0.3 to 1.5 J. The pulse then runs through spatial filter SF2, and the pulse diameter increases from 18 to 63 mm. The pulse is then recompressed to 130 fs in an evacuated compressor chamber that houses two holographic gold gratings and is connected to the target chambers by evacuated tubes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fluence patterns in the plane of the first compressor grating. Left, DM1 is replaced with a plane mirror; peak fluence, 300 mJ/cm2. The double-peak pattern is due to the coarse two-half structure of the WFAs shown in Fig. 3. Right, DM1 is optimized; peak fluence reduced to 90 mJ/cm2. The remaining fluence modulation arises from the fine structure of the WFAs (Fig. 3). The very high spatial frequencies, which carry little energy, are lost on propagation through the spatial filter SF2 (Fig. 1).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

WFAs that are due to growth defects in the final disk amplifier of 40-mm diameter, 17-mm thickness, and αl=2.3 at 532 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluence profile in the focus of the F/3 off-axis parabola. Left, DM1 and DM2 are on, but DM2 acts as a plane mirror. Middle; local intensity as a function of radius for the fluence profiles shown to the left and right ---. Right, DM1 and DM2 are on, but DM2 is locked to operation for minimal WFAs.

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