Abstract

By use of a transmission-grating-based Michelson interferometer, second-order interferometric as well as intensity autocorrelation traces of the third harmonic of a Ti:sapphire 50-fs laser beam produced in Ar have been measured. The duration of the harmonic is found to be that expected from lowest-order perturbation theory. At this wavelength, the performance of the interferometer with respect to pulse-front distortion and dispersion is found to be satisfactory. This result is a first step toward the use of the interferometer for the temporal characterization of higher harmonics or harmonic superposition forming attosecond pulse trains.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Gy. Farkas and Cs. Tóth, Phys. Lett. A 168, 447 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. E. Harris, J. J. Macklin, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 100, 487 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. A. Papadogiannis, B. Witzel, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4289 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

E. Goulielmakis, G. Nersisyan, N. A. Papadogiannis, D. Charalambidis, G. D. Tsakiris, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 74, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (5)

A. Scrinzi, M. Geissler, and T. Brabec, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 412 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hertz, N. A. Papadogiannis, G. Nersisyan, C. Kalpouzos, T. Halfmann, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, Phys. Rev. A 64, 51801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

P. B. Corkum, Nature 24, 845 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 70, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

N. A. Papadogiannis, B. Witzel, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1993 (1)

S. E. Harris, J. J. Macklin, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 100, 487 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Gy. Farkas and Cs. Tóth, Phys. Lett. A 168, 447 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Augé, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

Balcou, Ph.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Scrinzi, M. Geissler, and T. Brabec, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 412 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breger, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

Charalambidis, D.

E. Goulielmakis, G. Nersisyan, N. A. Papadogiannis, D. Charalambidis, G. D. Tsakiris, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 74, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hertz, N. A. Papadogiannis, G. Nersisyan, C. Kalpouzos, T. Halfmann, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, Phys. Rev. A 64, 51801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Papadogiannis, B. Witzel, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheret, M.

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cheriaux, G.

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, Nature 24, 845 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farkas, Gy.

Gy. Farkas and Cs. Tóth, Phys. Lett. A 168, 447 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Geissler, M.

A. Scrinzi, M. Geissler, and T. Brabec, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 412 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, G. Nersisyan, N. A. Papadogiannis, D. Charalambidis, G. D. Tsakiris, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 74, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Halfmann, T.

E. Hertz, N. A. Papadogiannis, G. Nersisyan, C. Kalpouzos, T. Halfmann, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, Phys. Rev. A 64, 51801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

S. E. Harris, J. J. Macklin, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 100, 487 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, J. J. Macklin, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 100, 487 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hertz, E.

E. Hertz, N. A. Papadogiannis, G. Nersisyan, C. Kalpouzos, T. Halfmann, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, Phys. Rev. A 64, 51801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kalpouzos, C.

E. Hertz, N. A. Papadogiannis, G. Nersisyan, C. Kalpouzos, T. Halfmann, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, Phys. Rev. A 64, 51801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Papadogiannis, B. Witzel, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kasper, A.

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 70, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kraus, F.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Blanc, C.

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macklin, J. J.

S. E. Harris, J. J. Macklin, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 100, 487 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Nersisyan, G.

E. Goulielmakis, G. Nersisyan, N. A. Papadogiannis, D. Charalambidis, G. D. Tsakiris, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 74, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hertz, N. A. Papadogiannis, G. Nersisyan, C. Kalpouzos, T. Halfmann, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, Phys. Rev. A 64, 51801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Papadogiannis, N. A.

E. Goulielmakis, G. Nersisyan, N. A. Papadogiannis, D. Charalambidis, G. D. Tsakiris, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 74, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hertz, N. A. Papadogiannis, G. Nersisyan, C. Kalpouzos, T. Halfmann, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, Phys. Rev. A 64, 51801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Papadogiannis, B. Witzel, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peatross, J.

Pretzler, G.

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 70, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Reider, G. A.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rundquist, A.

Scrinzi, A.

A. Scrinzi, M. Geissler, and T. Brabec, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 412 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stolow, A.

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Streltsov, A. M.

Taft, G.

Taranukhin, V. D.

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tóth, Cs.

Gy. Farkas and Cs. Tóth, Phys. Lett. A 168, 447 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tsakiris, G. D.

E. Goulielmakis, G. Nersisyan, N. A. Papadogiannis, D. Charalambidis, G. D. Tsakiris, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 74, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Hertz, N. A. Papadogiannis, G. Nersisyan, C. Kalpouzos, T. Halfmann, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, Phys. Rev. A 64, 51801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Witte, K.

E. Goulielmakis, G. Nersisyan, N. A. Papadogiannis, D. Charalambidis, G. D. Tsakiris, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 74, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 70, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Witzel, B.

N. A. Papadogiannis, B. Witzel, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

E. Goulielmakis, G. Nersisyan, N. A. Papadogiannis, D. Charalambidis, G. D. Tsakiris, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 74, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. Witte, Appl. Phys. B 70, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

P. B. Corkum, Nature 24, 845 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Kraus, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, J. J. Macklin, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 100, 487 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

Gy. Farkas and Cs. Tóth, Phys. Lett. A 168, 447 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801R (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Hertz, N. A. Papadogiannis, G. Nersisyan, C. Kalpouzos, T. Halfmann, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, Phys. Rev. A 64, 51801(R) (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. Scrinzi, M. Geissler, and T. Brabec, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 412 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Papadogiannis, B. Witzel, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, Science 291, 1923 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: MS1–MS3, spherical mirrors; D’s, diaphragms; M1–M3, flat mirrors; IF, infrared filter; ICCD, intensified CCD camera.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spatial interference fringes of the TH recorded for three different delays Δt20 fs between the two overlapping pulses. Images are taken (a) before and (b) after mirror MS3 with the geometry as for case I of Ref. 14. Proper use of mirror MS3 eliminates shifting of the fringes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

AC spectra: (a) second-order interferometric and (b) intensity AC trace of the TH. (c) Fourier-transform spectrum of the interferometric trace in (a). The inset of (c) is an expanded area of the spectrum showing the profile of the peak in more detail.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured TH pulse duration (filled circles) as a function of the toluene pressure when the grating is used as a beam splitter in a Michelson interferometer. The open circle is a comparative measurement with a conventional Michelson interferometer with 1-mm fused silica as the beam splitter.

Metrics