Abstract

We demonstrate the suitability of the third-harmonic-generation technique as a new nonlinear microprobe for nondestructive determination of the index profile of optical fibers. Photonic bandgap (Bragg-type) and air–silica microstructure (ASM) fibers were tested. The complete spatial characteristics, such as hole diameter and spacing into ASM fibers or sandwiched layer thickness into Bragg fibers, were demonstrated to be attainable anywhere along a bare fiber.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. A. Bhagavatula, W. F. Love, D. B. Keck, and R. A. Westwig, Electron. Lett. 16, 695 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. W. Raine, J. G. N. Baines, and D. E. Putland, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1162 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Y. F. Tsang, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4116 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silbergberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Müller, J. Squire, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. C. Kight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russel, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. C. Kight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russel, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Müller, J. Squire, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silbergberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Y. F. Tsang, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4116 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

K. W. Raine, J. G. N. Baines, and D. E. Putland, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1162 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

V. A. Bhagavatula, W. F. Love, D. B. Keck, and R. A. Westwig, Electron. Lett. 16, 695 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Baines, J. G. N.

K. W. Raine, J. G. N. Baines, and D. E. Putland, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1162 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Barad, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silbergberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bhagavatula, V. A.

V. A. Bhagavatula, W. F. Love, D. B. Keck, and R. A. Westwig, Electron. Lett. 16, 695 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Kight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russel, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brakenhoff, G. J.

M. Müller, J. Squire, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brechet, F.

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

J. C. Kight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russel, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eisenberg, H.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silbergberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silbergberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Keck, D. B.

V. A. Bhagavatula, W. F. Love, D. B. Keck, and R. A. Westwig, Electron. Lett. 16, 695 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kight, J. C.

J. C. Kight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russel, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Love, W. F.

V. A. Bhagavatula, W. F. Love, D. B. Keck, and R. A. Westwig, Electron. Lett. 16, 695 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Marcou, J.

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Müller, M.

M. Müller, J. Squire, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pagnoux, D.

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Putland, D. E.

K. W. Raine, J. G. N. Baines, and D. E. Putland, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1162 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Raine, K. W.

K. W. Raine, J. G. N. Baines, and D. E. Putland, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1162 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Roy, P.

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Russel, P. St. J.

J. C. Kight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russel, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Silbergberg, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silbergberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Squire, J.

M. Müller, J. Squire, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, T. Y. F.

T. Y. F. Tsang, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4116 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Westwig, R. A.

V. A. Bhagavatula, W. F. Love, D. B. Keck, and R. A. Westwig, Electron. Lett. 16, 695 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K. R.

M. Müller, J. Squire, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silbergberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

V. A. Bhagavatula, W. F. Love, D. B. Keck, and R. A. Westwig, Electron. Lett. 16, 695 (1980).
[CrossRef]

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, and D. Pagnoux, Electron. Lett. 36, 514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

K. W. Raine, J. G. N. Baines, and D. E. Putland, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1162 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (Oxford) (1)

M. Müller, J. Squire, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. Y. F. Tsang, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4116 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

J. C. Kight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russel, Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross-section images of the two types of fiber tested: (a) DCI-PBG fiber, (b) holey fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: OPO, optical parametric oscillator; PM, photomultiplier.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

THG measurements with the laser beam scanned along the transverse axis of the fiber shown in Fig. 1(a) for different positions of the microscope objective in the y direction. Curve P, plotted following the intensity variation, allows us to measure the radius curvature of the external boundary of the fiber. Other curves explained in text.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison between THG measurements of a DCI-PBG fiber and a single-mode fiber for different positions of the beam waist.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

THG measurements with the laser beam scanned along the transverse x axis of the fiber in Fig. 1(b) for one example of the position of the beam waist.

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