Abstract

We present our experimental demonstration of controlling the cavity output intensity of one laser beam with the intensity of another laser beam in a composite system consisting of a collection of three-level Λtype rubidium atoms and an optical ring cavity. When the intensity of the controlling beam is modulated with a square waveform, the cavity output power switches on and off (with a distinction ratio better than 20:1) between two steady-state values. This all-optical switching effect is the result of combined absorption and enhanced Kerr nonlinearity near resonance in such three-level atomic systems because of atomic coherence and can find applications in optical communication and optical computation.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985).
  2. A. T. Rosenberger, L. A. Orozco, H. J. Kimble, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 43, 6284 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2547 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. G. Raizen, L. A. Orozco, M. Xiao, T. L. Boyd, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 198 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. T. Foster, L. A. Orozco, H. M. Castro-Beltran, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3149 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. E. Harris, Phys. Today (July, 1997), p. 36.
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 65, R011801 (2002).
  10. W. Harshawardhan and G. S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1812 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Imamoglu, H. Schmidt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 65, R011801 (2002).

2001 (2)

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. T. Foster, L. A. Orozco, H. M. Castro-Beltran, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

A. Imamoglu, H. Schmidt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today (July, 1997), p. 36.
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

W. Harshawardhan and G. S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1812 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

A. T. Rosenberger, L. A. Orozco, H. J. Kimble, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 43, 6284 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

M. G. Raizen, L. A. Orozco, M. Xiao, T. L. Boyd, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 198 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2547 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, G. S.

W. Harshawardhan and G. S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1812 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, T. L.

M. G. Raizen, L. A. Orozco, M. Xiao, T. L. Boyd, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 198 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carmichael, H. J.

G. T. Foster, L. A. Orozco, H. M. Castro-Beltran, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castro-Beltran, H. M.

G. T. Foster, L. A. Orozco, H. M. Castro-Beltran, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deutsch, M.

A. Imamoglu, H. Schmidt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, P. D.

A. T. Rosenberger, L. A. Orozco, H. J. Kimble, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 43, 6284 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foster, G. T.

G. T. Foster, L. A. Orozco, H. M. Castro-Beltran, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gea-Banacloche, J.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbs, H.

H. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985).

Goorskey, D. J.

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 65, R011801 (2002).

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today (July, 1997), p. 36.
[CrossRef]

Harshawardhan, W.

W. Harshawardhan and G. S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1812 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hau, L. V.

S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

A. Imamoglu, H. Schmidt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jin, S.

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

A. T. Rosenberger, L. A. Orozco, H. J. Kimble, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 43, 6284 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Raizen, L. A. Orozco, M. Xiao, T. L. Boyd, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 198 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2547 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orozco, L. A.

G. T. Foster, L. A. Orozco, H. M. Castro-Beltran, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Rosenberger, L. A. Orozco, H. J. Kimble, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 43, 6284 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Raizen, L. A. Orozco, M. Xiao, T. L. Boyd, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 198 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2547 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Raizen, M. G.

M. G. Raizen, L. A. Orozco, M. Xiao, T. L. Boyd, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 198 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rickey, E. G.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberger, A. T.

A. T. Rosenberger, L. A. Orozco, H. J. Kimble, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 43, 6284 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2547 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

A. Imamoglu, H. Schmidt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 65, R011801 (2002).

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Woods, G.

A. Imamoglu, H. Schmidt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, M.

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 65, R011801 (2002).

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Raizen, L. A. Orozco, M. Xiao, T. L. Boyd, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 198 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, M.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (6)

A. T. Rosenberger, L. A. Orozco, H. J. Kimble, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 43, 6284 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 65, R011801 (2002).

W. Harshawardhan and G. S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1812 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Imamoglu, H. Schmidt, G. Woods, and M. Deutsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1467 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2547 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Raizen, L. A. Orozco, M. Xiao, T. L. Boyd, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 198 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Foster, L. A. Orozco, H. M. Castro-Beltran, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3149 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today (July, 1997), p. 36.
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: FRs, Faraday rotators; APD, avalanche photodiode; BS, beam splitter; D1, diode laser 1; PB1, PB4, polarizing beam splitters. Other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cavity transmission by means of cavity-length scan. a, Δ c = 7   MHz , P p in = 240   µ W , P c = 0 . b, P c = 14.3   mW , with other parameters the same. c, Frequency of the reference laser beam used to lock the ring cavity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cavity transmission power versus cavity input power. These are the steady-state curves of the system for (a) P c = 0 and (b) P c = 14.3   mW , with Δ c = 7   MHz , Δ p = 0 , and P p in = 240   µ W . These curves were taken with cavity input intensity scanning up and then down.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical switching of the cavity field controlled by the controlling beam. Top, on and off states of the cavity field. Bottom, modulated controlling power.

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