Abstract

We report the inscription of as many as 10 superimposed Bragg gratings of high reflectivity in a 25-mm segment of fiber. Using hydrogenated boron codoped and germanosilicate fibers, we inscribed 10 superimposed gratings with reflectivities above 80% and 6 superimposed gratings with reflectivities above 98%, respectively. The superimposed gratings had unequal wavelength spacing and were written over a 20-nm wavelength span in the region of 1530 nm. The inscription of each new grating caused an increase in the FWHM linewidth of the existing gratings, while their reflectivity was unaffected.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubscky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, and R. M. Derosier, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 841 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 889 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Wei, T. Li, Y. Zhao, and S. Jian, Opt. Lett. 25, 1150 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1503 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Argiris, M. Konstantaki, A. Ikiades, D. Chronis, P. Florias, K. Kallimani, and G. Pagiatakis, “Study of broadband fiber Bragg gratings with different photosensitive fibers,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
  11. T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Bao, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and W. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 188, 31 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. Bao, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and W. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 188, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubscky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1503 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, and R. M. Derosier, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 841 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 889 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Argiris, A.

A. Argiris, M. Konstantaki, A. Ikiades, D. Chronis, P. Florias, K. Kallimani, and G. Pagiatakis, “Study of broadband fiber Bragg gratings with different photosensitive fibers,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Avramopoulos, H.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bao, J.

J. Bao, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and W. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 188, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Benjamin, S. D.

L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1503 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cai, J.-X.

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubscky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.

J. Bao, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and W. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 188, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1503 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, and R. M. Derosier, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 841 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 889 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chronis, D.

A. Argiris, M. Konstantaki, A. Ikiades, D. Chronis, P. Florias, K. Kallimani, and G. Pagiatakis, “Study of broadband fiber Bragg gratings with different photosensitive fibers,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Cole, M. J.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Derosier, R. M.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, and R. M. Derosier, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 841 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Durkin, M. K.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubscky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feng, K.-M.

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubscky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Florias, P.

A. Argiris, M. Konstantaki, A. Ikiades, D. Chronis, P. Florias, K. Kallimani, and G. Pagiatakis, “Study of broadband fiber Bragg gratings with different photosensitive fibers,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Forghieri, F.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 889 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, and R. M. Derosier, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 841 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, and R. M. Derosier, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 841 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grubscky, V.

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubscky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ikiades, A.

A. Argiris, M. Konstantaki, A. Ikiades, D. Chronis, P. Florias, K. Kallimani, and G. Pagiatakis, “Study of broadband fiber Bragg gratings with different photosensitive fibers,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Jian, S.

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kallimani, K.

A. Argiris, M. Konstantaki, A. Ikiades, D. Chronis, P. Florias, K. Kallimani, and G. Pagiatakis, “Study of broadband fiber Bragg gratings with different photosensitive fibers,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Konstantaki, M.

A. Argiris, M. Konstantaki, A. Ikiades, D. Chronis, P. Florias, K. Kallimani, and G. Pagiatakis, “Study of broadband fiber Bragg gratings with different photosensitive fibers,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Laming, R. I.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, X.

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Measures, R. M.

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Othonos, A.

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pagiatakis, G.

A. Argiris, M. Konstantaki, A. Ikiades, D. Chronis, P. Florias, K. Kallimani, and G. Pagiatakis, “Study of broadband fiber Bragg gratings with different photosensitive fibers,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Papakyriakopoulos, T.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Protonotarios, E. N.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1503 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W. E.

L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1503 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D. S.

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubscky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stavdas, A.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 889 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, and R. M. Derosier, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 841 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wei, D.

Willner, A. E.

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubscky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

J. Bao, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and W. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 188, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, W.

J. Bao, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and W. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 188, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Stavdas, E. N. Protonotarios, and H. Avramopoulos, Electron. Lett. 35, 717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Othonos, X. Lee, and R. M. Measures, Electron. Lett. 30, 1972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubscky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, and R. I. Laming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, and R. M. Derosier, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 841 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 889 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1503 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Bao, X. Zhang, K. Chen, and W. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 188, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

A. Argiris, M. Konstantaki, A. Ikiades, D. Chronis, P. Florias, K. Kallimani, and G. Pagiatakis, “Study of broadband fiber Bragg gratings with different photosensitive fibers,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmitted spectrum and reflected spectrum through a 3-dB coupler (solid curve) of the 10 superimposed fiber Bragg gratings.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of the FWHM linewidths of the existing gratings as a result of the inscription of additional superimposed gratings. Connecting lines are drawn as a guide to the eye.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Refractive-index modulation Δn for the first 0.5 mm of the 10 multiple-fiber gratings calculated according to Eq. (3).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R=tanh2π2neffΛαΔnL,
Δλ=2neffΛαΔn2neff2+1N21/2,
Δnz=i=1i=mΔni¯1+ui cos2πΛiz,

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