Abstract

The spontaneous-emission lifetime of CdSe/CdS core–shell quantum dots was studied as a function of the distance between the dots and a polished Si surface. The experimental results reveal a significant modification of the spontaneous-emission rate of the quantum dots by the Si surface.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. See, for example, S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Yamamoto and R. E. Slusher, Phys. Today 46(6), 66 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. H. Drexhage, in Progress in Optics, by E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1974), Vol. XII, p. 165.
  5. R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1 (1978).
  6. T. Erdogan, K. Sullivan, and D. Hall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 391 (1993).
  7. L. Graham, D. Huffaker, Q. Deng, and D. G. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1670 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Peng, M. Schlamp, A. Kadavanich, and A. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 199, 7019 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Burda, S. Link, M. Mohamed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 12,286 (2001).
  10. M. Dahan, T. Laurence, F. Pinaud, D. S. Chemla, A. P. Alivisatos, M. Sauer, and S. Weiss, Opt. Lett. 26, 825 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, A. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6540 (1987).
  12. X. Fan, M. Lonergan, Y. Zhang, and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. L. Efros, M. Rosen, M. Kuno, M. Nirmal, D. Nirris, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4843 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jacobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, Phys. Rev. A 59, 865 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

C. Burda, S. Link, M. Mohamed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 12,286 (2001).

X. Fan, M. Lonergan, Y. Zhang, and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Dahan, T. Laurence, F. Pinaud, D. S. Chemla, A. P. Alivisatos, M. Sauer, and S. Weiss, Opt. Lett. 26, 825 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, Phys. Rev. A 59, 865 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

L. Graham, D. Huffaker, Q. Deng, and D. G. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1670 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

X. Peng, M. Schlamp, A. Kadavanich, and A. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 199, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. L. Efros, M. Rosen, M. Kuno, M. Nirmal, D. Nirris, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4843 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

T. Erdogan, K. Sullivan, and D. Hall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 391 (1993).

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jacobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yamamoto and R. E. Slusher, Phys. Today 46(6), 66 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

See, for example, S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, A. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6540 (1987).

1984 (1)

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1 (1978).

Abrahams, E.

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Alivisatos, A.

X. Peng, M. Schlamp, A. Kadavanich, and A. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 199, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, A. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6540 (1987).

Alivisatos, A. P.

Amos, R.

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, Phys. Rev. A 59, 865 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, P.

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Arndt, M.

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, A. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6540 (1987).

Barnes, W.

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, Phys. Rev. A 59, 865 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M.

A. L. Efros, M. Rosen, M. Kuno, M. Nirmal, D. Nirris, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4843 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Burda, C.

C. Burda, S. Link, M. Mohamed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 12,286 (2001).

Chance, R. R.

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1 (1978).

Chemla, D. S.

Dahan, M.

Deng, Q.

L. Graham, D. Huffaker, Q. Deng, and D. G. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1670 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D. G.

L. Graham, D. Huffaker, Q. Deng, and D. G. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1670 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Drexhage, K. H.

K. H. Drexhage, in Progress in Optics, by E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1974), Vol. XII, p. 165.

Efrima, A.

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, A. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6540 (1987).

Efros, A. L.

A. L. Efros, M. Rosen, M. Kuno, M. Nirmal, D. Nirris, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4843 (1996).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, M.

C. Burda, S. Link, M. Mohamed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 12,286 (2001).

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, K. Sullivan, and D. Hall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 391 (1993).

Fan, X.

X. Fan, M. Lonergan, Y. Zhang, and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Graham, L.

L. Graham, D. Huffaker, Q. Deng, and D. G. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1670 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D.

T. Erdogan, K. Sullivan, and D. Hall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 391 (1993).

Haroche, S.

See, for example, S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Harris, C.

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, A. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6540 (1987).

Huffaker, D.

L. Graham, D. Huffaker, Q. Deng, and D. G. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1670 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, N.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jacobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobson, D.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jacobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jahnke, F.

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kadavanich, A.

X. Peng, M. Schlamp, A. Kadavanich, and A. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 199, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kira, M.

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kleppner, D.

See, for example, S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Koch, S.

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuno, M.

A. L. Efros, M. Rosen, M. Kuno, M. Nirmal, D. Nirris, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4843 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Langendijk, A.

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurence, T.

Link, S.

C. Burda, S. Link, M. Mohamed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 12,286 (2001).

Lonergan, M.

X. Fan, M. Lonergan, Y. Zhang, and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mohamed, M.

C. Burda, S. Link, M. Mohamed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 12,286 (2001).

Nirmal, M.

A. L. Efros, M. Rosen, M. Kuno, M. Nirmal, D. Nirris, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4843 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nirris, D.

A. L. Efros, M. Rosen, M. Kuno, M. Nirmal, D. Nirris, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4843 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, R.

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

X. Peng, M. Schlamp, A. Kadavanich, and A. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 199, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pinaud, F.

Poate, J.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jacobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polman, A.

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prock, A.

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1 (1978).

Rosen, M.

A. L. Efros, M. Rosen, M. Kuno, M. Nirmal, D. Nirris, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4843 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, M.

Schlamp, M.

X. Peng, M. Schlamp, A. Kadavanich, and A. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 199, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jacobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silbey, R.

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1 (1978).

Slusher, R. E.

Y. Yamamoto and R. E. Slusher, Phys. Today 46(6), 66 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Snoeks, E.

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stein, D.

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, K.

T. Erdogan, K. Sullivan, and D. Hall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 391 (1993).

Vredenberg, A.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jacobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waldeck, D.

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, A. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6540 (1987).

Wang, H.

X. Fan, M. Lonergan, Y. Zhang, and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, S.

Worthing, P.

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, Phys. Rev. A 59, 865 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto and R. E. Slusher, Phys. Today 46(6), 66 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

X. Fan, M. Lonergan, Y. Zhang, and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zydzik, G.

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jacobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1 (1978).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Graham, D. Huffaker, Q. Deng, and D. G. Deppe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1670 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

X. Peng, M. Schlamp, A. Kadavanich, and A. Alivisatos, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 199, 7019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Alivisatos, M. Arndt, A. Efrima, D. Waldeck, and C. Harris, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 6540 (1987).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

T. Erdogan, K. Sullivan, and D. Hall, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 391 (1993).

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

C. Burda, S. Link, M. Mohamed, and M. El-Sayed, J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 12,286 (2001).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

P. Worthing, R. Amos, and W. Barnes, Phys. Rev. A 59, 865 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

X. Fan, M. Lonergan, Y. Zhang, and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Efros, M. Rosen, M. Kuno, M. Nirmal, D. Nirris, and M. Bawendi, Phys. Rev. B 54, 4843 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. Vredenberg, N. Hunt, E. Schubert, D. Jacobson, J. Poate, and G. Zydzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Palmer, D. Stein, E. Abrahams, and P. Andersen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 958 (1984).
[CrossRef]

E. Snoeks, A. Langendijk, and A. Polman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (2)

See, for example, S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto and R. E. Slusher, Phys. Today 46(6), 66 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, and S. Koch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. H. Drexhage, in Progress in Optics, by E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1974), Vol. XII, p. 165.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photoluminescence spectrum of the quantum dots in a toluene solution. Inset, schematic diagram of the sample structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical luminescent decay of CdSe/CdS dots directly deposited upon a silica glass and upon a SiO2/Si substrate. Plots are in semilog scales, and dashed curves are single exponential fits to the data.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spontaneous-emission lifetime versus separation distance d between dots and the Si interface. The filled circles connected by a dotted curve are experimentally measured data. The solid curve is a theoretical fit of the CPS model.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spontaneous-emission lifetime versus monitoring wavelength for a sample (labeled A in Fig. 3) with d=62 nm.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

2nd/λ+φ=Kπ,
τse=τ0/1+3qn2/2k3ImEref/μ,
Eref/μ=ik32n201-x2R+R×exp2ikd1-x2xdx1-x2,

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