Abstract

We demonstrate a scheme for parametric amplification that allows us to measure the drift of the carrier-envelope phase of the output signal pulses. The method is based on the unique double phase-matching properties of a noncollinearly pumped BBO crystal, making possible the detection of the interference between the signal and the frequency-doubled idler. Additionally, the suggested device greatly simplifies the single-shot measurement of the phase evolution in Ti:sapphire laser amplifiers by dispensing with harmonic synthesis from the spectral edges of an octave-wide supercontinuum.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

Andrius Baltuška, Takao Fuji, and Takayoshi Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier: errata," Opt. Lett. 27, 2046-2046 (2002)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-27-22-2046

References

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  1. S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3746 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Dietrich, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, Opt. Lett. 25, 16 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Opt. Lett. 25, 1672 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihara, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, Opt. Lett. 26, 1436 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Kobayashi and K. Torizuka, Opt. Lett. 25, 856 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Kobayashi and K. Torizuka, Opt. Lett. 26, 1295 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett.,  88, 133901 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Angelow, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 26, 1155 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 27, 306 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Unlike its drift, the actual value of the CEP will change in the parametric process.
  16. R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 156 (1982).
  18. G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Haché, J. E. Sipe, and H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1144 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (3)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett.,  88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 27, 306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (5)

2000 (6)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Dietrich, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, Opt. Lett. 25, 16 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kobayashi and K. Torizuka, Opt. Lett. 25, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Mehendale, S. A. Mitchell, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, Opt. Lett. 25, 1672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Haché, J. E. Sipe, and H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett.,  88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 27, 306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Corkum, P. B.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3746 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Angelow, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 26, 1155 (2001).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dietrich, P.

Fittinghoff, D.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett.,  88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 27, 306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujihara, Y.

Gallmann, L.

Grabson, F.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haché, A.

A. Haché, J. E. Sipe, and H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3746 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homma, T.

Ina, H.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kakehata, M.

Kane, D.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kobayashi, S.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett.,  88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 27, 306 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

Krausz, F.

P. Dietrich, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, Opt. Lett. 25, 16 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krumbügel, M.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Likforman, J.-P.

Matuschek, N.

Mehendale, M.

Mitchell, S. A.

Nisoli, M.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poppe, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Priori, E.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richman, B.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sakane, I.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, V.

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

A. Haché, J. E. Sipe, and H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweetser, J.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

Takahashi, H.

Takasaka, M.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

Tempea, G.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torizuka, K.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

Udem, T.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Driel, H. M.

A. Haché, J. E. Sipe, and H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. M.

Villoresti, P.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3746 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Haché, J. E. Sipe, and H. M. van Driel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1144 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Phys. D 35, R43 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

G. G. Paulus, F. Grabson, H. Walther, P. Villoresti, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, Nature 414, 182 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett.,  88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3746 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. DeLong, D. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Unlike its drift, the actual value of the CEP will change in the parametric process.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Radial beam distribution in a noncollinearly phase-matched BBO crystal. (a) Beam configuration. (b) Phase matching inside the crystal. Solid curve, direction of the emitted idler. Dashed curve, exact phase matching for SHG. Note the perfect phase-matching conditions for generation of the 430-nm frequency-doubled idler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup. SM1–SM3, spherical mirrors; WP1–WP2, 1° wedge plates. White-light generator and SHG crystal that produces the seed and pump radiation, respectively, are not shown. The OPA is pumped by 120-fs pulses from a regenerative amplifier (CPA-1000, Clark MXR).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Summary of the experimental results of the CEP drift measurement. (a) Spectra of the signal and frequency-doubled idler waves transmitted through the pinhole and the mean intensity of the interference averaged over 300 laser shots. (b) Single-shot interferograms for five successive laser pulses. The inset shows the power spectrum of the frequency-to-time Fourier transform, where the hashed band indicates the filter used for phase recovery. (c) Relative phase between signal and SH idler pulses recovered for the five spectrograms shown in (b). A linear phase slope corresponding to a 104-fs delay between the signal and idler pulses at λ=550 nm is subtraced from all curves. (d) Phase drift relative to the initial pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interferograms for three successive pulses corresponding to a smaller signal–idler SH delay than in Fig. 3. The solid curves show the experimental data. The dashed curves correspond to a single-parameter fit as described in the text. Note that an exceptionally high fringe visibility is achieved because of the use of confocal detection as shown in Fig. 2.

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