Abstract

A multiwavelength, multistripe tunable laser array is proposed, and its application to absorption spectroscopy is demonstrated. Laser waveguides doped with Rhodamine 6 G dye were integrated on a plastic chip, and simultaneous output at different wavelengths was obtained by use of a distributed-feedback technique. A very low threshold of 3 µJ was attained, and spectrally narrowed output <0.1 nm was obtained. A scheme for digital spectroscopy is also proposed based on this laser array, and absorption spectroscopy of sodium atoms without wavelength scanning is demonstrated by use of a sodium-vapor cell.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, Opt. Commun. 161, 163 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Costrla, I. Garcia-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Sriram, H. Jackson, and J. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 721 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Aoyagi, Y. Aoyagi, K. Toyoda, and S. Namba, Opt. Commun. 18, 44 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Oki, N. Yamamoto, K. Imamura, and M. Maeda, Tech. Rep. Kyushu Uni. 69, 277 (1996) [in Japanese].
  6. M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Oki, K. Ohno, and M. Maeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 6403 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda are preparing a manuscript to be called “Fabrication of a distributed feedback dye laser with a grating in its plastic waveguide.”

2001 (1)

A. Costrla, I. Garcia-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, Opt. Commun. 161, 163 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

Y. Oki, K. Ohno, and M. Maeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 6403 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

Y. Oki, N. Yamamoto, K. Imamura, and M. Maeda, Tech. Rep. Kyushu Uni. 69, 277 (1996) [in Japanese].

1980 (1)

S. Sriram, H. Jackson, and J. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 721 (1980).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

T. Aoyagi, Y. Aoyagi, K. Toyoda, and S. Namba, Opt. Commun. 18, 44 (1976).
[Crossref]

Aoyagi, T.

T. Aoyagi, Y. Aoyagi, K. Toyoda, and S. Namba, Opt. Commun. 18, 44 (1976).
[Crossref]

Aoyagi, Y.

T. Aoyagi, Y. Aoyagi, K. Toyoda, and S. Namba, Opt. Commun. 18, 44 (1976).
[Crossref]

Boyd, J.

S. Sriram, H. Jackson, and J. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 721 (1980).
[Crossref]

Chisaki, Y.

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda are preparing a manuscript to be called “Fabrication of a distributed feedback dye laser with a grating in its plastic waveguide.”

Costrla, A.

A. Costrla, I. Garcia-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[Crossref]

Coutts, D. W.

A. Costrla, I. Garcia-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[Crossref]

Garcia-Moreno, I.

A. Costrla, I. Garcia-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[Crossref]

Giffin, S. M.

S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, Opt. Commun. 161, 163 (1999).
[Crossref]

Haskell, T. G.

S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, Opt. Commun. 161, 163 (1999).
[Crossref]

Imamura, K.

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. Oki, N. Yamamoto, K. Imamura, and M. Maeda, Tech. Rep. Kyushu Uni. 69, 277 (1996) [in Japanese].

Jackson, H.

S. Sriram, H. Jackson, and J. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 721 (1980).
[Crossref]

Maeda, M.

Y. Oki, K. Ohno, and M. Maeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 6403 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. Oki, N. Yamamoto, K. Imamura, and M. Maeda, Tech. Rep. Kyushu Uni. 69, 277 (1996) [in Japanese].

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda are preparing a manuscript to be called “Fabrication of a distributed feedback dye laser with a grating in its plastic waveguide.”

McKinnie, I. T.

S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, Opt. Commun. 161, 163 (1999).
[Crossref]

Namba, S.

T. Aoyagi, Y. Aoyagi, K. Toyoda, and S. Namba, Opt. Commun. 18, 44 (1976).
[Crossref]

Ohno, K.

Y. Oki, K. Ohno, and M. Maeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 6403 (1998).
[Crossref]

Oki, Y.

Y. Oki, K. Ohno, and M. Maeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 6403 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. Oki, N. Yamamoto, K. Imamura, and M. Maeda, Tech. Rep. Kyushu Uni. 69, 277 (1996) [in Japanese].

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda are preparing a manuscript to be called “Fabrication of a distributed feedback dye laser with a grating in its plastic waveguide.”

Sastre, R.

A. Costrla, I. Garcia-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[Crossref]

Smith, G. J.

S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, Opt. Commun. 161, 163 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sriram, S.

S. Sriram, H. Jackson, and J. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 721 (1980).
[Crossref]

Toyoda, K.

T. Aoyagi, Y. Aoyagi, K. Toyoda, and S. Namba, Opt. Commun. 18, 44 (1976).
[Crossref]

Wadsworth, W. J.

S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, Opt. Commun. 161, 163 (1999).
[Crossref]

Webb, C.

A. Costrla, I. Garcia-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[Crossref]

Woolhouse, A. D.

S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, Opt. Commun. 161, 163 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, N.

Y. Oki, N. Yamamoto, K. Imamura, and M. Maeda, Tech. Rep. Kyushu Uni. 69, 277 (1996) [in Japanese].

Yoshiura, T.

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda are preparing a manuscript to be called “Fabrication of a distributed feedback dye laser with a grating in its plastic waveguide.”

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Costrla, I. Garcia-Moreno, R. Sastre, D. W. Coutts, and C. Webb, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 452 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Sriram, H. Jackson, and J. Boyd, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 721 (1980).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Oki, K. Ohno, and M. Maeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 6403 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, Opt. Commun. 161, 163 (1999).
[Crossref]

T. Aoyagi, Y. Aoyagi, K. Toyoda, and S. Namba, Opt. Commun. 18, 44 (1976).
[Crossref]

Tech. Rep. Kyushu Uni. (1)

Y. Oki, N. Yamamoto, K. Imamura, and M. Maeda, Tech. Rep. Kyushu Uni. 69, 277 (1996) [in Japanese].

Other (1)

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda are preparing a manuscript to be called “Fabrication of a distributed feedback dye laser with a grating in its plastic waveguide.”

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual schematic of applications of the multiwavelength waveguided dye laser array to spectroscopy. (a) Example of absorption spectroscopy, (b) example of laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Input–output characteristics of DFB waveguided dye laser. The rhodamine 6G dye had a concentration of 30 mM, and the waveguide cross section was 2 µm×100 µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of a durability test of waveguided dye laser doped with Rhodamine 101 pumped by a Nd:YAG laser. The pulse duration and repetition rate of the pump pulse are 0.5 ns and 100 Hz, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spatial intensity profile of multiwavelength dye laser array output through sodium-vapor cell. (a) Spatial profile without (input) and with (output) absorption and (b) digital spectral profile calculated from (a). Each peak position on the profile in (a) corresponds to a separate output wavelength from each waveguide.

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