Abstract

A novel method for ultrashort IR pulse characterization is presented. The technique utilizes a frequency-resolved pump–probe geometry that is common in applications of ultrafast spectroscopy, without any modifications of the setup. The experimental demonstration of the method was carried out to characterize 70-fs IR pulses centered at 3 µm.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. C. Asplund, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 323, 269 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Laenen, T. Roth, and A. Laubereau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 50 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Woutersen and H. J. Bakker, Nature 402, 507 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 027401 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. N. Fittinghoff, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and C. L. Ladera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1955 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. A. Richman, M. A. Krumbügel, and R. Trebino, Opt. Lett. 22, 721 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. A. van Dantzig, P. C. M. Planken, and H. J. Bakker, Opt. Lett. 23, 466 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Status Solidi 202, 119 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Trebino and K. W. DeLong, “Method and apparatus for measuring the intensity and phase of one or more ultrashort light pulses and for measuring optical properties of materials,” U.S. Patent5,530,544 (June15, 1996).
  14. J. A. Gardecki, S. Constantine, Y. Zhou, and L. D. Ziegler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 652 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. D. Levenson and S. S. Kano, Introduction to Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1988).
  16. S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Ekvall, P. van der Meulen, C. Dhollande, and L.-E. Berg, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 2340 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. I. Kang, T. Krauss, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 22, 1077 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. K. W. DeLong, C. L. Ladera, R. Trebino, B. Kohler, and K. R. Wilson, Opt. Lett. 20, 486 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. Smolorz, F. Wise, and N. F. Borrelli, Opt. Lett. 24, 1103 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Smolorz and F. Wise, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1636 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  24. W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1996).
  25. The retrieval program is available at http://www.chem.rug.nl/spectro/software/frpp.html .
  26. V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 027401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (5)

M. C. Asplund, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 323, 269 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Laenen, T. Roth, and A. Laubereau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 50 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Gardecki, S. Constantine, Y. Zhou, and L. D. Ziegler, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 652 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Ekvall, P. van der Meulen, C. Dhollande, and L.-E. Berg, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 2340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Smolorz and F. Wise, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1636 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

S. Smolorz, F. Wise, and N. F. Borrelli, Opt. Lett. 24, 1103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Woutersen and H. J. Bakker, Nature 402, 507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. A. van Dantzig, P. C. M. Planken, and H. J. Bakker, Opt. Lett. 23, 466 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Status Solidi 202, 119 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Kang, T. Krauss, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 22, 1077 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Richman, M. A. Krumbügel, and R. Trebino, Opt. Lett. 22, 721 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

Asplund, M. C.

M. C. Asplund, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 323, 269 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bakker, H. J.

Barry, L. P.

Berg, L.-E.

K. Ekvall, P. van der Meulen, C. Dhollande, and L.-E. Berg, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 2340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

Bratos, S.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chudoba, C.

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Constantine, S.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and C. L. Ladera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1955 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. DeLong, C. L. Ladera, R. Trebino, B. Kohler, and K. R. Wilson, Opt. Lett. 20, 486 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino and K. W. DeLong, “Method and apparatus for measuring the intensity and phase of one or more ultrashort light pulses and for measuring optical properties of materials,” U.S. Patent5,530,544 (June15, 1996).

Dhollande, C.

K. Ekvall, P. van der Meulen, C. Dhollande, and L.-E. Berg, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 2340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dobryakov, A. L.

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

Ekvall, K.

K. Ekvall, P. van der Meulen, C. Dhollande, and L.-E. Berg, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 2340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 027401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ernsting, N. P.

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and C. L. Ladera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1955 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Flannery, B. P.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1996).

Franco, M. A.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gale, G. M.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gallot, G.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gardecki, J. A.

Giessen, H.

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Status Solidi 202, 119 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hamm, P.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 027401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

Herrmann, J.

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

M. C. Asplund, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 323, 269 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, J.

Ivanov, M.

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kalosha, V.

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

Kano, S. S.

M. D. Levenson and S. S. Kano, Introduction to Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1988).

Kohler, B.

Kovalenko, S. A.

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T.

Krumbügel, M. A.

B. A. Richman, M. A. Krumbügel, and R. Trebino, Opt. Lett. 22, 721 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuhl, J.

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Status Solidi 202, 119 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ladera, C. L.

Laenen, R.

R. Laenen, T. Roth, and A. Laubereau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 50 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lange, H. R.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lascoux, N.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

R. Laenen, T. Roth, and A. Laubereau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 50 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leickman, J.-C.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

M. D. Levenson and S. S. Kano, Introduction to Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1988).

Lim, M.

M. C. Asplund, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 323, 269 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Status Solidi 202, 119 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, D.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 027401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 027401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Planken, P. C. M.

Prade, B. S.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Press, W. H.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1996).

Richman, B.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Richman, B. A.

Ripoche, J.-F.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roth, T.

R. Laenen, T. Roth, and A. Laubereau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 50 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruthmann, J.

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smolorz, S.

Spanner, M.

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 027401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sweetser, J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Teukolsky, S. A.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1996).

Thomson, M. D.

Trebino, R.

B. A. Richman, M. A. Krumbügel, and R. Trebino, Opt. Lett. 22, 721 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and C. L. Ladera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1955 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. DeLong, C. L. Ladera, R. Trebino, B. Kohler, and K. R. Wilson, Opt. Lett. 20, 486 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino and K. W. DeLong, “Method and apparatus for measuring the intensity and phase of one or more ultrashort light pulses and for measuring optical properties of materials,” U.S. Patent5,530,544 (June15, 1996).

van Dantzig, N. A.

van der Meulen, P.

K. Ekvall, P. van der Meulen, C. Dhollande, and L.-E. Berg, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 2340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vetterling, W. T.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1996).

White, W. E.

Wilson, K. R.

Wise, F.

Woutersen, S.

S. Woutersen and H. J. Bakker, Nature 402, 507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Ziegler, L. D.

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. C. Asplund, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 323, 269 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Ekvall, P. van der Meulen, C. Dhollande, and L.-E. Berg, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 2340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Nature (1)

S. Woutersen and H. J. Bakker, Nature 402, 507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. A. Kovalenko, A. L. Dobryakov, J. Ruthmann, and N. P. Ernsting, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2369 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 027401 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Laenen, T. Roth, and A. Laubereau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 50 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, Phys. Status Solidi 202, 119 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. Trebino and K. W. DeLong, “Method and apparatus for measuring the intensity and phase of one or more ultrashort light pulses and for measuring optical properties of materials,” U.S. Patent5,530,544 (June15, 1996).

M. D. Levenson and S. S. Kano, Introduction to Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1988).

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1996).

The retrieval program is available at http://www.chem.rug.nl/spectro/software/frpp.html .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for FRPP pulse characterization.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Examples of FRPP pulse characterization: (a) spectrum-limited pulse; (b) quadratic and (c) cubic spectral phases; (d) self-phase modulation. Left, pulse spectrum (shaded contour) and phase (solid curves); right, respective FRPP traces. The white curves, drawn along the respective group delays, demonstrate the intuitiveness of the FROG technique. The results of pulse reconstruction are shown as filled (intensity) and open (phase) circles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental and (b) reconstructed FRPP traces and the results of pulse retrieval in the (c) frequency and (d) time domains. Shaded contours in (c) and (d), pulse intensities; open circles, phase. The independently measured pulse spectrum is shown in (c) as filled circles.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

SFRPPΩ,τ-ReE*ΩEt+τ2EtexpiΩtdt,

Metrics