Abstract

A novel technique for suppressing frequency noise in an erbium-doped fiber distributed-feedback laser incorporated into a master-oscillator–power-amplifier configuration by an electronic feedback technique is presented. The frequency noise is suppressed by locking of the laser emission to a fiber interferometer. The frequency noise spectral density of the laser is reduced by as much as 20 dB over the frequency range 1 Hz–10 kHz to 1.5 Hz/Hz1/2±25% at 1 kHz with a relative intensity noise spectral density below -120 dB/Hz over the frequency range 10 Hz–1 kHz. These lasers will have applications as sources for fiber-optic interferometry, high-resolution spectroscopy, and high-bandwidth communications.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
  2. W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. A. Cranch and P. J. Nash, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 687 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2001 (2)

1998 (1)

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

K. P. Koo and A. D. Kersey, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1243 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

G. A. Ball, C. E. Holton, G. Hull-Allen, and W. W. Morey, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. H. Wanser, Electron. Lett. 28, 53 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Ball, G. A.

G. A. Ball, C. E. Holton, G. Hull-Allen, and W. W. Morey, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Berendt, M. O.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cranch, G. A.

Dandridge, A.

A. Dandridge, in Fiber Optics Sensors, E. Udd, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp. 271–323.

Holton, C. E.

G. A. Ball, C. E. Holton, G. Hull-Allen, and W. W. Morey, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hübner, J.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hull-Allen, G.

G. A. Ball, C. E. Holton, G. Hull-Allen, and W. W. Morey, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

K. P. Koo and A. D. Kersey, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1243 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K. P.

K. P. Koo and A. D. Kersey, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1243 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kourogi, M.

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, M.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lauridsen, V. C.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

G. A. Ball, C. E. Holton, G. Hull-Allen, and W. W. Morey, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nash, P. J.

Ohtsu, M.

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Shin and M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 15, 1455 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pálsdóttir, B.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Philipsen, J. L.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Povlsen, J. H.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rønnekleiv, E.

E. Rønnekleiv, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sejka, M.

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shin, C. H.

Shin, C.-H.

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers, 4th ed. (Plenum, New York, 1998), pp. 291–297.

Varming, P.

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wanser, K. H.

K. H. Wanser, Electron. Lett. 28, 53 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

W. H. Loh and R. I. Laming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Philipsen, M. O. Berendt, P. Varming, V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, J. Hübner, M. Kristensen, and B. Pálsdóttir, Electron. Lett. 34, 678 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Wanser, Electron. Lett. 28, 53 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

G. A. Ball, C. E. Holton, G. Hull-Allen, and W. W. Morey, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

G. A. Cranch and P. J. Nash, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 687 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Koo and A. D. Kersey, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1243 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

E. Rønnekleiv, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

A. Dandridge, in Fiber Optics Sensors, E. Udd, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp. 271–323.

O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers, 4th ed. (Plenum, New York, 1998), pp. 291–297.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

EDFL configuration. Abbreviations are defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity noise spectra.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency noise spectra and noise sources.

Equations (1)

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ΔvST=nsphcλT22πτrt2P,

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