Abstract

Holographic volume index gratings with high diffraction efficiency (greater than 80%) are recorded in a thick sample of Disperse Red 1–doped poly(methyl methacrylate) with red light (647 nm), which is far away from the absorption peak (488 nm) of the material. Measurements of photoinduced birefringence and polarization holography recording confirm that the azo-dye reorientation mechanism is responsible for the grating formation. Energy coupling between the two writing beams is observed even when the incident beams have equal intensity.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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1999

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F. L. Labarthet and C. Sourisseau, New J. Chem. 21, 879 (1997).

1996

D. J. Welker and M. G. Kuzyk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1835 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

D. J. Welker and M. G. Kuzyk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2792 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sekkat and W. Knoll, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1855 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

1992

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichère, M. Dumont, R. Loucif-Saïbi, and J. A. Delaire, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1984

1969

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bhawalkar, J. D.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bissonnette, D.

Blanche, P.-A.

Delaire, J. A.

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichère, M. Dumont, R. Loucif-Saïbi, and J. A. Delaire, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dumont, M.

P.-A. Blanche, Ph. C. Lemaire, M. Dumont, and M. Fischer, Opt. Lett. 24, 1349 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, Synth. Met. 54, 373 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichère, M. Dumont, R. Loucif-Saïbi, and J. A. Delaire, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, M.

He, G. S.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Knoll, W.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, M. G.

D. J. Welker and M. G. Kuzyk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1835 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Welker and M. G. Kuzyk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2792 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Labarthet, F. L.

F. L. Labarthet and C. Sourisseau, New J. Chem. 21, 879 (1997).

Lemaire, Ph. C.

Loucif-Saïbi, R.

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichère, M. Dumont, R. Loucif-Saïbi, and J. A. Delaire, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Morichère, D.

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichère, M. Dumont, R. Loucif-Saïbi, and J. A. Delaire, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Natansohn, A.

Nikolova, L.

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rochon, P.

Sekkat, Z.

Z. Sekkat and W. Knoll, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1855 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, Synth. Met. 54, 373 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichère, M. Dumont, R. Loucif-Saïbi, and J. A. Delaire, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sourisseau, C.

F. L. Labarthet and C. Sourisseau, New J. Chem. 21, 879 (1997).

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

Welker, D. J.

D. J. Welker and M. G. Kuzyk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1835 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Welker and M. G. Kuzyk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2792 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S.

Zhao, C. F.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. J. Welker and M. G. Kuzyk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1835 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Welker and M. G. Kuzyk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2792 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, and P. N. Prasad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2433 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichère, M. Dumont, R. Loucif-Saïbi, and J. A. Delaire, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

New J. Chem.

F. L. Labarthet and C. Sourisseau, New J. Chem. 21, 879 (1997).

Opt. Lett.

Synth. Met.

Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, Synth. Met. 54, 373 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of DR1/PMMA. The arrow shows the measurement wavelength. OD, optical density.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency as a function of time measured with detector 2 when the shutter is intermittently closed. Inset, schematic of the two-beam-coupling experiment. BS, beam splitter; M1, M2, mirrors; WP, half-wave plate; P, polarizer; L1, L2, lenses; D1, D2, detectors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Two-beam coupling as a function of time. I1, I2, intensities measured by detectors 1 and 2, respectively; I3=I1+I2. The incident intensity of each beam is 100 mW/cm2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement of photoinduced birefringence as a function of time. Inset, schematic diagram of the experiment. The pump beam’s polarization (pol.) was 45° to that of the probe beam. The polarizer and analyzer axes are orthogonal to each other.

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