Abstract

We report the experimental observation of stable pulse pairs with a ±π/2 phase difference in a passively mode-locked stretched-pulse fiber ring laser. In our setup the stabilization of interacting subpicosecond pulses is obtained with a large range of pulse separations, namely, from 2.7 to 10 ps, without the need for external control.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. J. F. Digonnet, ed., Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. M. J. Guy, D. U. Noske, and J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 18, 1447 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. H. Seong, D. Y. Kim, and S. K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 37, 157 (2001).
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  5. F. Gutty, Ph. Grelu, N. Huot, G. Vienne, and G. Millot, Electron. Lett. 37, 745 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 64, 33814 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Opt. Lett. 19, 545 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. A. Malomed, Phys. Rev. A 44, 6954 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, and J.-M. Soto-Crespo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 515 (1998).
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  10. J. D. Ania-Castañon, P. Garcia-Fernandez, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1252 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Chassagne, G. Jonusauskas, J. Oberlé, and C. Rullière, Opt. Commun. 150, 355 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3691 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 20, 907 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (4)

N. H. Seong, D. Y. Kim, and S. K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 37, 157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Gutty, Ph. Grelu, N. Huot, G. Vienne, and G. Millot, Electron. Lett. 37, 745 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 64, 33814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Ania-Castañon, P. Garcia-Fernandez, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1252 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

N. N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, and J.-M. Soto-Crespo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Chassagne, G. Jonusauskas, J. Oberlé, and C. Rullière, Opt. Commun. 150, 355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1994 (2)

N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Opt. Lett. 19, 545 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (2)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 25, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Malomed, Phys. Rev. A 44, 6954 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmediev, N. N.

Ania-Castañon, J. D.

Ankiewicz, A.

Bergman, K.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chassagne, B.

B. Chassagne, G. Jonusauskas, J. Oberlé, and C. Rullière, Opt. Commun. 150, 355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Collings, B. C.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, P. D.

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 64, 33814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Fernandez, P.

Golovchenko, E. A.

Grelu, Ph.

F. Gutty, Ph. Grelu, N. Huot, G. Vienne, and G. Millot, Electron. Lett. 37, 745 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gutty, F.

F. Gutty, Ph. Grelu, N. Huot, G. Vienne, and G. Millot, Electron. Lett. 37, 745 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guy, M. J.

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huot, N.

F. Gutty, Ph. Grelu, N. Huot, G. Vienne, and G. Millot, Electron. Lett. 37, 745 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

B. Chassagne, G. Jonusauskas, J. Oberlé, and C. Rullière, Opt. Commun. 150, 355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. Y.

N. H. Seong, D. Y. Kim, and S. K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 37, 157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 25, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Malomed, B. A.

B. A. Malomed, Phys. Rev. A 44, 6954 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Man, W. S.

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 64, 33814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Matsas, V. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 25, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Millot, G.

F. Gutty, Ph. Grelu, N. Huot, G. Vienne, and G. Millot, Electron. Lett. 37, 745 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Noske, D. U.

Oberlé, J.

B. Chassagne, G. Jonusauskas, J. Oberlé, and C. Rullière, Opt. Commun. 150, 355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oh, S. K.

N. H. Seong, D. Y. Kim, and S. K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 37, 157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 25, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, M. W.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 25, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 25, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rullière, C.

B. Chassagne, G. Jonusauskas, J. Oberlé, and C. Rullière, Opt. Commun. 150, 355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Seong, N. H.

N. H. Seong, D. Y. Kim, and S. K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 37, 157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Soto-Crespo, J.-M.

Tam, H. Y.

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 64, 33814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 64, 33814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Vienne, G.

F. Gutty, Ph. Grelu, N. Huot, G. Vienne, and G. Millot, Electron. Lett. 37, 745 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

N. H. Seong, D. Y. Kim, and S. K. Oh, Electron. Lett. 37, 157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Gutty, Ph. Grelu, N. Huot, G. Vienne, and G. Millot, Electron. Lett. 37, 745 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 25, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. Chassagne, G. Jonusauskas, J. Oberlé, and C. Rullière, Opt. Commun. 150, 355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, Phys. Rev. A 64, 33814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Malomed, Phys. Rev. A 44, 6954 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. J. F. Digonnet, ed., Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the fiber ring laser cavity pumped by laser diodes (LDs). WDM-IS, polarization-insensitive coupler–isolator; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; λ/4, quarter-wave plate; λ/2, half-wave plate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectrum of the laser output port (solid curve) fitted (open circles) by the spectrum of two unchirped 610-fs sech-profiled pulses separated by 6.8 ps and with a π/2 phase difference. The pump power is 31 mW. (b) Interferometric autocorrelation of the same output. Although experimental noise is visible, interference fringes appear clearly in the lateral peaks, as seen from the insets. This result indicates that the two pulses have a fixed phase relationship.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Spectrum of a closer pulse pair (solid curve) fitted (open circles) by the spectrum of two unchirped 540-fs sech-profiled pulses separated by 2.7 ps and with a -π/2 phase difference. The pump power is 29 mW. (b) Corresponding interferometric autocorrelation trace.

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