Abstract

We demonstrate the feasibility of implementing the generalized phase-contrast (GPC) method in a planar-integrated micro-optics platform. An entire 4f diffractive lens system with a Fourier plane phase-only filter has been designed and manufactured in a 50-mm-diameter fused-silica substrate by use of a four-level multimask lithography. Experimental results show successful conversion of an input phase distribution into a high-contrast intensity distribution. The diffraction efficiency of the optical components is found to limit the operating range of the GPC system.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Glückstad, “Phase contrast imaging,” U.S. patent6,011,874 (January4, 2000).
  2. J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 130, 225 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. C. Mogensen and J. Glückstad, Opt. Lett. 25, 566 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. C. Mogensen and J. Glückstad, Appl. Opt. 40, 1226 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. C. Mogensen and J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 175, 75 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Zernike, Science 121, 345 (1955).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Glückstad and P. C. Mogensen, Appl. Opt. 40, 268 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Jahns and A. Huang, Appl. Opt. 28, 1602 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Sinzinger and J. Jahns, Microoptics (Wiley-VCH, New York, 1999).
  10. J. W. Goodman, Intro to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996).
  11. M. Testorf and J. Jahns, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1175 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (2)

2000 (2)

P. C. Mogensen and J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 175, 75 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Mogensen and J. Glückstad, Opt. Lett. 25, 566 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 130, 225 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1955 (1)

F. Zernike, Science 121, 345 (1955).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glückstad, J.

P. C. Mogensen and J. Glückstad, Appl. Opt. 40, 1226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Glückstad and P. C. Mogensen, Appl. Opt. 40, 268 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Mogensen and J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 175, 75 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Mogensen and J. Glückstad, Opt. Lett. 25, 566 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 130, 225 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Glückstad, “Phase contrast imaging,” U.S. patent6,011,874 (January4, 2000).

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Intro to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996).

Huang, A.

Jahns, J.

Mogensen, P. C.

Sinzinger, S.

S. Sinzinger and J. Jahns, Microoptics (Wiley-VCH, New York, 1999).

Testorf, M.

Zernike, F.

F. Zernike, Science 121, 345 (1955).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

P. C. Mogensen and J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 175, 75 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 130, 225 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

F. Zernike, Science 121, 345 (1955).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

S. Sinzinger and J. Jahns, Microoptics (Wiley-VCH, New York, 1999).

J. W. Goodman, Intro to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996).

J. Glückstad, “Phase contrast imaging,” U.S. patent6,011,874 (January4, 2000).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Generic 4f optical system used to implement the GPC method. A circularly symmetric Fourier plane filtering operation converts a phase disturbance into a high-contrast intensity distribution

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Planar-integrated micro-optics implementation of the GPC system, where DOEs constitute the 4f phase-contrast system with a 5µmdiameter PCF in the Fourier plane.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for testing the PO–GPC system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output intensity distributions for (a) no filtering effect of the PCF and (b) for a πphase shift at the on-axis components of the phase object.

Metrics