Abstract

We demonstrate for what is believed to be the first time a Brillouin laser based on a holey fiber (HF). Using a simple Fabry–Perot resonator scheme containing a 73.5-m-long highly nonlinear HF with an effective area of 2.85 µm2, we obtain a threshold of 125 mW and a slope efficiency of 70%. Stimulated and spontaneous Brillouin scattering effects are investigated in the HF, and we show that the high lasing threshold is due mainly to reduction of the effective gain coefficient caused by structural nonuniformity along the fiber length.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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2002 (1)

2001 (4)

1996 (2)

1986 (1)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1011 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Arriaga, J.

Atkin, M.

Belardi, W.

Z. Yusoff, J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, P. C. Teh, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 27, 424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. H. Lee, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 26, 1233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Birks, T. A.

Chandalia, J. K.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1011 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Coker, A.

Derosier, R. M.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1011 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fiorentino, M.

Furusawa, K.

Ibsen, M.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Knight, J. C.

Knox, W. H.

Kosinski, S. G.

Kumar, P.

Lee, J. H.

Z. Yusoff, J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, P. C. Teh, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 27, 424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. H. Lee, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 26, 1233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Liu, X.

Monro, T. M.

Z. Yusoff, J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, P. C. Teh, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 27, 424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. H. Lee, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 26, 1233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Moores, M. D.

Ohashi, M.

K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, and M. Tateda, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 50 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F. G.

Petropoulos, P.

Richardson, D. J.

Z. Yusoff, J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, P. C. Teh, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 27, 424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. H. Lee, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 26, 1233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Russell, P. St. J.

Sharping, J. E.

Shiraki, K.

K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, and M. Tateda, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 50 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tateda, M.

K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, and M. Tateda, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 50 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Teh, P. C.

Z. Yusoff, J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, P. C. Teh, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 27, 424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1011 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Windeler, R. S.

Xu, C.

Yusoff, Z.

Z. Yusoff, J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, P. C. Teh, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 27, 424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Inset, cross-sectional scanning electron microscope image of the HF used in this experiment. PCs, polarization controllers; DFB, distributed feedback.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser output, stimulated Brillouin scattering (backward), and transmitted pump power as a function of launched pump power (stimulated scattering only).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

rf frequency trace of the beat signal between the Stokes and the pump beams. Inset, oscilloscope trace of output square-shaped pulses from the Brillouin laser under cavity modulation with the chopper.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

rf frequency trace of the beat signals between the spontaneous Brillouin-scattered beam and the pump for 73.5-m HF, 40-m HF, and a 9-km standard DSF.

Equations (3)

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Pth21KAeffGνmax.
Gν=0LgBν,zexp-αzdz,
gBν,z=g01+ν-νBzΔνB/22,

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