Abstract

Efficient continuous-wave (cw) lasing of Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe crystals in external hemispherical cavities and in a microchip configuration under Er-fiber-laser pumping at room temperature are reported. The key result is what is believed to be the first successful demonstration of cw Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe microchip lasers with maximum output powers of 63 and 100 mW at 2320 and 2520 nm, with slope efficiencies of 53% and 20%, respectively.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  4. K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2001 (1)

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

J. Izawa, H. Nakajima, H. Hara, and Y. Arimoto, Opt. Commun. 145, 98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

U. Hommerich, X. Wu, V. R. Davis, S. B. Trivedi, K. Grasza, R. J. Chen, and S. Kutcher, Opt. Lett. 22, 1180 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 2777 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Arimoto, Y.

J. Izawa, H. Nakajima, H. Hara, and Y. Arimoto, Opt. Commun. 145, 98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Avanesov, A.

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

Badikov, V.

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

Burger, A.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Carrig, T. J.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. J. Wagner, A. Sennaroglu, J. Y. Jeong, and C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Ingeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 182.

Chase, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. T.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. J.

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 2777 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Davis, V. R.

DeLoach, L. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V.

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V. V.

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, Phys. Lett. 20, 2777 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Graham, K.

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

Grasza, K.

Hara, H.

J. Izawa, H. Nakajima, H. Hara, and Y. Arimoto, Opt. Commun. 145, 98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hommerich, U.

Huber, G.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ignat’ev, B.

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

Izawa, J.

J. Izawa, H. Nakajima, H. Hara, and Y. Arimoto, Opt. Commun. 145, 98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J. Y.

T. J. Carrig, G. J. Wagner, A. Sennaroglu, J. Y. Jeong, and C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Ingeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 182.

Kraus, D.

J. McKay, D. Kraus, and K. L. Schepler, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 219.

Kretschmann, H.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kuck, S.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kutcher, S.

Levchenko, V. I.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X.

McKay, J.

J. McKay, D. Kraus, and K. L. Schepler, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 219.

Mirov, S.

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mirov, S. B.

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

Mond, M.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mooradian, A.

Nakajima, H.

J. Izawa, H. Nakajima, H. Hara, and Y. Arimoto, Opt. Commun. 145, 98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ndap, J. O.

Page, R. H.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, and R. H. Page, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 101.

Panutin, V.

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

Patel, F. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A. V.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pollock, C. R.

T. J. Carrig, G. J. Wagner, A. Sennaroglu, J. Y. Jeong, and C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Ingeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 182.

Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schepler, K. L.

J. McKay, D. Kraus, and K. L. Schepler, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 219.

Sennaroglu, A.

T. J. Carrig, G. J. Wagner, A. Sennaroglu, J. Y. Jeong, and C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Ingeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 182.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shevirdyaeva, G.

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

Sorokin, E.

E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, and R. H. Page, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 101.

Sorokina, I. T.

E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, and R. H. Page, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 101.

Staver, P. R.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tassano, J. B.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trivedi, S. B.

Wagner, G. J.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. J. Wagner, A. Sennaroglu, J. Y. Jeong, and C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Ingeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 182.

Wilke, G. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

Yakimovich, V. N.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zvanut, M. E.

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Izawa, H. Nakajima, H. Hara, and Y. Arimoto, Opt. Commun. 145, 98 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Lett. (1)

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[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. Graham, S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, Proc. SPIE 4267, 81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

T. J. Carrig, G. J. Wagner, A. Sennaroglu, J. Y. Jeong, and C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Ingeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 182.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, and S. Kuck, Appl. Phys. B72, 253 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, and R. H. Page, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 101.

J. McKay, D. Kraus, and K. L. Schepler, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 219.

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 561.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(1) Room-temperature absorption, (2) emission [in W/nm/m2], and (3) laser oscillation spectra of Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe crystals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output–input characteristics of the Cr2+:ZnS cw lasers under 1.55µm Er-fiber-laser pumping with difference output couplers: (1) T=20% and (2) T=2% correspond to minimum threshold adjustment, (3) T=2% corresponds to adjustment to maximum output power. The slope efficiencies, η, are labeled.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output–input characteristics of the (1), (2) Cr2+:ZnS and (3), (4) Cr2+:ZnS cw microchip lasers under Er-fiber-laser excitation. (1), (3) focused pump-beam arrangement; (2), (4) no coupling optics between the fiber tip and the microchip.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Mode structures of the (1) microchip lasers and (2) coupled-cavity microchip lasers (with external etalons) for Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe crystals.

Equations (1)

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η=η0T/L+T,

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