Abstract

We report measurements of the residual phase-noise knee position and longitudinal-mode linewidth of a hybridly mode-locked external linear cavity semiconductor laser as a function of laser cavity length. Excellent agreement between these measurements suggests a direct relationship between rms pulse-to-pulse timing jitter and average longitudinal-mode linewidth. This relationship leads to a fundamental limit in the timing jitter of mode-locked lasers.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1109 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. R. Hjelme and A. R. Mickelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1594 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, S. Etemad, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. M. Baney and W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), pp. 169–219.
  9. C. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, A. Braun, J. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “High-quality photonic sampling streams from a semiconductor diode ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  10. F. Rana and R. Ram, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 2001), paper CMB2.
  11. D. W. Rush, G. L. Burdge, and P. T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2088 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. R. Hjelme and A. R. Mickelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1594 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

D. W. Rush, G. L. Burdge, and P. T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2088 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abeles, J.

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, S. Etemad, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, A. Braun, J. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “High-quality photonic sampling streams from a semiconductor diode ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Abeles, J. H.

C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baney, D. M.

D. M. Baney and W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), pp. 169–219.

Bowers, J. E.

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, S. Etemad, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, A. Braun, J. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “High-quality photonic sampling streams from a semiconductor diode ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Burdge, G. L.

D. W. Rush, G. L. Burdge, and P. T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2088 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, S. Etemad, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, A. Braun, J. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “High-quality photonic sampling streams from a semiconductor diode ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

DePriest, C.

C. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, A. Braun, J. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “High-quality photonic sampling streams from a semiconductor diode ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

DePriest, C. M.

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, S. Etemad, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Derickson, D. J.

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Etemad, S.

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hjelme, D. R.

D. R. Hjelme and A. R. Mickelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1594 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P. T.

D. W. Rush, G. L. Burdge, and P. T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2088 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mar, A.

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mickelson, A. R.

D. R. Hjelme and A. R. Mickelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1594 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ram, R.

F. Rana and R. Ram, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 2001), paper CMB2.

Rana, F.

F. Rana and R. Ram, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 2001), paper CMB2.

Rush, D. W.

D. W. Rush, G. L. Burdge, and P. T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2088 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

D. M. Baney and W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), pp. 169–219.

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yilmaz, T.

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, S. Etemad, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, A. Braun, J. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “High-quality photonic sampling streams from a semiconductor diode ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Rush, G. L. Burdge, and P. T. Ho, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2088 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Hjelme and A. R. Mickelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1594 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1109 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

D. M. Baney and W. V. Sorin, in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), pp. 169–219.

C. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, A. Braun, J. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “High-quality photonic sampling streams from a semiconductor diode ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

F. Rana and R. Ram, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 2001), paper CMB2.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental layout: HR, high reflector; SOA, semiconductor optical amplifier; HWP, half-wave plate; G’s, amplifiers; LOs, local oscillators; IF, intermediate frequency; trans., translation; plzn. cont., polarization controller; PM, phase modulation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Residual phase-noise sidebands for mode locking at 10 GHz at (a) fundamental cavity frequency and (b) 68th harmonic (150-MHz cavity).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Hybridly mode-locked laser longitudinal-mode linewidth versus cavity frequency, (b) average longitudinal-mode linewidth and residual phase-noise knee position versus cavity frequency and their linear (lin.) fits.

Equations (1)

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Δt=12πfML2flowfhighLfdf1/2,

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