Abstract

We achieved a continuous, stable, ultrashort pulse hard x-ray point source by focusing 1.8-W, 1-kHz, 50-fs laser pulses onto a novel, 30µm-diameter, high-velocity, liquid-metal gallium jet. This target geometry avoids most of the debris problems of solid targets and provides nearly 4π illumination. Photon fluxes of 5×108 photons/s are generated in a two-component spectrum consisting of a broad continuum from 4 to 14 keV and strong Kα and Kβ emission lines at 9.25 and 10.26 keV. This source will find wide use in time-resolved x-ray diffraction studies and other applications.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. For a review see A. Rousse, C. Rischel, and J. C. Gauthier, Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 17 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. von der Linde and et al., Laser Part. Beams 19, 15 (2001), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Förster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Squier, G. Korn, G. Mourou, G. Vaillancourt, and M. Bouvier, Opt. Lett. 18, 625 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, Appl. Phys. B 70, S165 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, Opt. Lett. 22, 1562 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. Albert, H. Wang, D. Liu, Z. Chang, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 25, 1125 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Richardson, W. T. Silfvast, H. A. Bender, A. Hanzo, V. Yanovsky, F. Jin, and J. Thorpe, Appl. Opt. 32, 6901 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. Jin, K. Gabel, M. Richardson, M. Kado, A. F. Vassiliev, and D. Salzmann, Proc. SPIE 2015, 151 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Richardson, D. Torres, C. DePriest, F. Jin, and G. Shimkaveg, Opt. Commun. 145, 109 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Berglund, L. Rymell, H. M. Hertz, and T. Wilhein, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2361 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Wieland, T. Wilhein, M. Faubel, Ch. Ellert, M. Schmidt, and O. Sublemoutier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 591 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. B. A. M. Hansson, L. Rymell, M. Berglund, and H. M. Hertz, Microelectron Eng. 53, 667 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Korn, A. Thoss, M. Faubel, H. Stiel, U. Voigt, M. Richardson, and T. Elsaesser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuC4.
  21. M. Faubel, in Photoionization and Photodetachment, C. Y. Ng, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000), p. 634.
    [CrossRef]

2001 (3)

For a review see A. Rousse, C. Rischel, and J. C. Gauthier, Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 17 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. von der Linde and et al., Laser Part. Beams 19, 15 (2001), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

M. Wieland, T. Wilhein, M. Faubel, Ch. Ellert, M. Schmidt, and O. Sublemoutier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

B. A. M. Hansson, L. Rymell, M. Berglund, and H. M. Hertz, Microelectron Eng. 53, 667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, Appl. Phys. B 70, S165 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Albert, H. Wang, D. Liu, Z. Chang, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 25, 1125 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Förster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

M. Richardson, D. Torres, C. DePriest, F. Jin, and G. Shimkaveg, Opt. Commun. 145, 109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Berglund, L. Rymell, H. M. Hertz, and T. Wilhein, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (4)

J. Squier, G. Korn, G. Mourou, G. Vaillancourt, and M. Bouvier, Opt. Lett. 18, 625 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Richardson, W. T. Silfvast, H. A. Bender, A. Hanzo, V. Yanovsky, F. Jin, and J. Thorpe, Appl. Opt. 32, 6901 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Jin, K. Gabel, M. Richardson, M. Kado, A. F. Vassiliev, and D. Salzmann, Proc. SPIE 2015, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adachi, S.-I.

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albert, O.

Bagnoud, V.

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, Appl. Phys. B 70, S165 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, C. J.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beaudoin, Y.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bender, H. A.

Berglund, M.

B. A. M. Hansson, L. Rymell, M. Berglund, and H. M. Hertz, Microelectron Eng. 53, 667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Berglund, L. Rymell, H. M. Hertz, and T. Wilhein, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bourgeois, D.

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouvier, M.

Brown, G. S.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chaker, M.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

Cheng, Z.

Chien, C. Y.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Clark, I.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Coe, S.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cote, C. Y.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, T.

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DePriest, C.

M. Richardson, D. Torres, C. DePriest, F. Jin, and G. Shimkaveg, Opt. Commun. 145, 109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ellert, Ch.

M. Wieland, T. Wilhein, M. Faubel, Ch. Ellert, M. Schmidt, and O. Sublemoutier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

G. Korn, A. Thoss, M. Faubel, H. Stiel, U. Voigt, M. Richardson, and T. Elsaesser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuC4.

Faubel, M.

M. Wieland, T. Wilhein, M. Faubel, Ch. Ellert, M. Schmidt, and O. Sublemoutier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Faubel, in Photoionization and Photodetachment, C. Y. Ng, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000), p. 634.
[CrossRef]

G. Korn, A. Thoss, M. Faubel, H. Stiel, U. Voigt, M. Richardson, and T. Elsaesser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuC4.

Ferencz, K.

Fettweis, M.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Förster, E.

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Förster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gabel, K.

F. Jin, K. Gabel, M. Richardson, M. Kado, A. F. Vassiliev, and D. Salzmann, Proc. SPIE 2015, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, J. C.

For a review see A. Rousse, C. Rischel, and J. C. Gauthier, Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 17 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gibbon, P.

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Förster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon, C. L.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansson, B. A. M.

B. A. M. Hansson, L. Rymell, M. Berglund, and H. M. Hertz, Microelectron Eng. 53, 667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hanzo, A.

Harris, S. E.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hatchett, S.

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hertz, H. M.

B. A. M. Hansson, L. Rymell, M. Berglund, and H. M. Hertz, Microelectron Eng. 53, 667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Berglund, L. Rymell, H. M. Hertz, and T. Wilhein, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, A.

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jin, F.

M. Richardson, D. Torres, C. DePriest, F. Jin, and G. Shimkaveg, Opt. Commun. 145, 109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Jin, K. Gabel, M. Richardson, M. Kado, A. F. Vassiliev, and D. Salzmann, Proc. SPIE 2015, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Richardson, W. T. Silfvast, H. A. Bender, A. Hanzo, V. Yanovsky, F. Jin, and J. Thorpe, Appl. Opt. 32, 6901 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnston, T. W.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kado, M.

F. Jin, K. Gabel, M. Richardson, M. Kado, A. F. Vassiliev, and D. Salzmann, Proc. SPIE 2015, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J. C.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Klug, D. R.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kmetec, J. D.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

J. Squier, G. Korn, G. Mourou, G. Vaillancourt, and M. Bouvier, Opt. Lett. 18, 625 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Korn, A. Thoss, M. Faubel, H. Stiel, U. Voigt, M. Richardson, and T. Elsaesser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuC4.

Krausz, F.

Lemoff, B. E.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lenzner, M.

Liu, D.

Macklin, J. J.

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matousek, P.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Matte, J. P.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mercer, I. P.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moffat, K.

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moran, M.

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

O. Albert, H. Wang, D. Liu, Z. Chang, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 25, 1125 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Squier, G. Korn, G. Mourou, G. Vaillancourt, and M. Bouvier, Opt. Lett. 18, 625 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Parker, A. W.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D.

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pepin, H.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perry, D.

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peyrusse, O.

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Porter, Lord G.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pradervand, C.

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reich, Ch.

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Förster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, Z.

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, M.

M. Richardson, D. Torres, C. DePriest, F. Jin, and G. Shimkaveg, Opt. Commun. 145, 109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Jin, K. Gabel, M. Richardson, M. Kado, A. F. Vassiliev, and D. Salzmann, Proc. SPIE 2015, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Richardson, W. T. Silfvast, H. A. Bender, A. Hanzo, V. Yanovsky, F. Jin, and J. Thorpe, Appl. Opt. 32, 6901 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Korn, A. Thoss, M. Faubel, H. Stiel, U. Voigt, M. Richardson, and T. Elsaesser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuC4.

Rischel, C.

For a review see A. Rousse, C. Rischel, and J. C. Gauthier, Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 17 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rousse, A.

For a review see A. Rousse, C. Rischel, and J. C. Gauthier, Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 17 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rymell, L.

B. A. M. Hansson, L. Rymell, M. Berglund, and H. M. Hertz, Microelectron Eng. 53, 667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Berglund, L. Rymell, H. M. Hertz, and T. Wilhein, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, Appl. Phys. B 70, S165 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Salzmann, D.

F. Jin, K. Gabel, M. Richardson, M. Kado, A. F. Vassiliev, and D. Salzmann, Proc. SPIE 2015, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

Schildkamp, W.

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, M.

M. Wieland, T. Wilhein, M. Faubel, Ch. Ellert, M. Schmidt, and O. Sublemoutier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sefcik, J. A.

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shimkaveg, G.

M. Richardson, D. Torres, C. DePriest, F. Jin, and G. Shimkaveg, Opt. Commun. 145, 109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Silfvast, W. T.

Snavely, R.

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

Squier, J.

Srajer, V.

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stiel, H.

G. Korn, A. Thoss, M. Faubel, H. Stiel, U. Voigt, M. Richardson, and T. Elsaesser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuC4.

Sublemoutier, O.

M. Wieland, T. Wilhein, M. Faubel, Ch. Ellert, M. Schmidt, and O. Sublemoutier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

Teng, Tsu-yi

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thorpe, J.

Thoss, A.

G. Korn, A. Thoss, M. Faubel, H. Stiel, U. Voigt, M. Richardson, and T. Elsaesser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuC4.

Tompkins, R. J.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Torres, D.

M. Richardson, D. Torres, C. DePriest, F. Jin, and G. Shimkaveg, Opt. Commun. 145, 109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Towrie, M.

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ursby, T.

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uschmann, I.

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Förster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaillancourt, G.

Vassiliev, A. F.

F. Jin, K. Gabel, M. Richardson, M. Kado, A. F. Vassiliev, and D. Salzmann, Proc. SPIE 2015, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Voigt, U.

G. Korn, A. Thoss, M. Faubel, H. Stiel, U. Voigt, M. Richardson, and T. Elsaesser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuC4.

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde and et al., Laser Part. Beams 19, 15 (2001), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Wieland, M.

M. Wieland, T. Wilhein, M. Faubel, Ch. Ellert, M. Schmidt, and O. Sublemoutier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wilhein, T.

M. Wieland, T. Wilhein, M. Faubel, Ch. Ellert, M. Schmidt, and O. Sublemoutier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Berglund, L. Rymell, H. M. Hertz, and T. Wilhein, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wilks, S. C.

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wulff, M.

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanovsky, V.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, Appl. Phys. B 70, S165 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Wieland, T. Wilhein, M. Faubel, Ch. Ellert, M. Schmidt, and O. Sublemoutier, Appl. Phys. B 72, 591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

D. von der Linde and et al., Laser Part. Beams 19, 15 (2001), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Microelectron Eng. (1)

B. A. M. Hansson, L. Rymell, M. Berglund, and H. M. Hertz, Microelectron Eng. 53, 667 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Richardson, D. Torres, C. DePriest, F. Jin, and G. Shimkaveg, Opt. Commun. 145, 109 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Fluids B (1)

J. C. Kieffer, M. Chaker, J. P. Matte, H. Pepin, C. Y. Cote, Y. Beaudoin, T. W. Johnston, C. Y. Chien, S. Coe, G. Mourou, and O. Peyrusse, Phys. Fluids B 5, 2676 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, J. J. Macklin, B. E. Lemoff, G. S. Brown, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1527 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Förster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

F. Jin, K. Gabel, M. Richardson, M. Kado, A. F. Vassiliev, and D. Salzmann, Proc. SPIE 2015, 151 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

For a review see A. Rousse, C. Rischel, and J. C. Gauthier, Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 17 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

D. Perry, J. A. Sefcik, T. Cowan, S. Hatchett, A. Hunt, M. Moran, D. Pennington, R. Snavely, and S. C. Wilks, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 265 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Berglund, L. Rymell, H. M. Hertz, and T. Wilhein, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Tompkins, I. P. Mercer, M. Fettweis, C. J. Barnett, D. R. Klug, Lord G. Porter, I. Clark, P. Matousek, A. W. Parker, and M. Towrie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, Science 264, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Srajer, Tsu-yi Teng, T. Ursby, C. Pradervand, Z. Ren, S.-I. Adachi, W. Schildkamp, D. Bourgeois, M. Wulff, and K. Moffat, Science 274, 1726 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. Korn, A. Thoss, M. Faubel, H. Stiel, U. Voigt, M. Richardson, and T. Elsaesser, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuC4.

M. Faubel, in Photoionization and Photodetachment, C. Y. Ng, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000), p. 634.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement of the liquid-Ga jet laser plasma source.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral emission of femtosecond laser plasma from a Ga jet target.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Characteristics of Liquid-Metal Jet Laser Plasma Targetsa

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