Abstract

A novel wavelength-conversion configuration based on four-wave mixing in an optical fiber has been used to generate a frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) trace identical to that obtained from second-harmonic generation (SHG). The use of an optical fiber waveguide permits enhanced measurement sensitivity compared with that of conventional SHG–FROG and has been used for complete characterization of 1-mW peak-power picosecond pulses at 1.55 µm from an unamplified semiconductor laser diode gain switched at 10 GHz.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Debeau, B. Kowalski, and R. Boittin, Opt. Lett. 23, 1784 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Kwakermaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jäckel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1677 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, Ph. Emplit, M. Haelterman, and O. Deparis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 187 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. G. M. P. Koumans and A. Yariv, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 666 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. J. Ferreiro, R. de la Fuente, and E. López-Lago, Opt. Lett. 26, 1025 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. T. Reid, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 36, 1141 (2002).
  10. K. Ogawa and M. D. Pelusi, Opt. Express 7, 135 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001).
  12. K. Inoue, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1553 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

D. T. Reid, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 36, 1141 (2002).

2001 (1)

2000 (4)

M. Kwakermaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jäckel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, Ph. Emplit, M. Haelterman, and O. Deparis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. G. M. P. Koumans and A. Yariv, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 666 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Ogawa and M. D. Pelusi, Opt. Express 7, 135 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. Inoue, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1553 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001).

Barry, L. P.

Boittin, R.

Coen, S.

P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, Ph. Emplit, M. Haelterman, and O. Deparis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de la Fuente, R.

Debeau, J.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Deparis, O.

P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, Ph. Emplit, M. Haelterman, and O. Deparis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

D. T. Reid, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 36, 1141 (2002).

M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Emplit, Ph.

P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, Ph. Emplit, M. Haelterman, and O. Deparis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ferreiro, J. J.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

M. Kwakermaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jäckel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Haelterman, M.

P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, Ph. Emplit, M. Haelterman, and O. Deparis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

D. T. Reid, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 36, 1141 (2002).

M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1553 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jäckel, H.

M. Kwakermaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jäckel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kockaert, P.

P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, Ph. Emplit, M. Haelterman, and O. Deparis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koumans, R. G. M. P.

R. G. M. P. Koumans and A. Yariv, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 666 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, B.

Krumbügel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kwakermaak, M.

M. Kwakermaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jäckel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

López-Lago, E.

Neiger, A.

M. Kwakermaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jäckel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, K.

Peeters, M.

P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, Ph. Emplit, M. Haelterman, and O. Deparis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

Reid, D. T.

D. T. Reid, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 36, 1141 (2002).

Schreieck, R.

M. Kwakermaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jäckel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

D. T. Reid, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 36, 1141 (2002).

Thomson, M. D.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, W.

M. Kwakermaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jäckel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

R. G. M. P. Koumans and A. Yariv, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 666 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. T. Reid, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 36, 1141 (2002).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

K. Inoue, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1553 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. Kwakermaak, R. Schreieck, A. Neiger, H. Jäckel, E. Gini, and W. Vogt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, Ph. Emplit, M. Haelterman, and O. Deparis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. G. M. P. Koumans and A. Yariv, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 666 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Input spectrum showing the cw signal and the pulsed interferometer output at zero delay τ=0. (b) Output spectrum showing the generated idler.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured and (b) retrieved FROG traces. The square root of the FROG trace is shown in both cases.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Retrieved intensity (left axis, solid curve) and chirp (right axis, dashed curve). (b) Logarithmic and (c) linear plots of the retrieved pulse spectrum (circles) compared with the measured spectrum (solid curves).

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