Abstract

We use optical rectification and electro-optic sensing to generate and detect terahertz radiation, using individual and multilayered stacks of electro-optic polymer films. For comparable thickness, the polymer films are more efficient generators and detectors of terahertz radiation than ZnTe crystals.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy in Solids, G. Grüner, ed., Vol. 74 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 7–50.
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Y. Han, G. C. Cho, and X. C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 25, 242–244 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. G. Markelz, A. Roitberg, and E. J. Heilweil, Chem. Phys. Lett. 320, 42–48 (2000).
  4. S. E. Ralph and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1070–1072 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 102–103.
  6. S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 898–900 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049–3051 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 25, 675–677 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191–3193 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321–2323 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X.-C. Zhang, Y. Lin, and X. F. Ma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2764–2766 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907–2909 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358–1360 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150–152 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Nahata and T. F. Heinz, in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectronics, M. C. Nuss and J. Bowers, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 218–221.
  21. Z. Jiang and X. C. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2644–2650 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Lemke, Chem. Ber. 103, 1894–1895 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Sandalphon, B. Kippelen, K. Meerholz, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Opt. 35, 2346–2354 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 898–900 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (6)

P. Y. Han, G. C. Cho, and X. C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 25, 242–244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 25, 675–677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Markelz, A. Roitberg, and E. J. Heilweil, Chem. Phys. Lett. 320, 42–48 (2000).

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191–3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Z. Jiang and X. C. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2644–2650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049–3051 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (4)

Sandalphon, B. Kippelen, K. Meerholz, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Opt. 35, 2346–2354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150–152 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907–2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358–1360 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

X.-C. Zhang, Y. Lin, and X. F. Ma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2764–2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Ralph and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. Lemke, Chem. Ber. 103, 1894–1895 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, M.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D.

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358–1360 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150–152 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bechtel, J. H.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bliss, D.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bonvalet, A.

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907–2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bosshard, C.

F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brodschelm, A.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191–3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Carrig, T. J.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cho, G. C.

Chuyanov, V.

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clement, T. S.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dalton, L. R.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Erlig, H.

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fetterman, H.

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Follonier, S.

F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

S. E. Ralph and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Han, P. Y.

Heilweil, E. J.

A. G. Markelz, A. Roitberg, and E. J. Heilweil, Chem. Phys. Lett. 320, 42–48 (2000).

Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150–152 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata and T. F. Heinz, in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectronics, M. C. Nuss and J. Bowers, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 218–221.

Huber, R.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191–3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang and X. C. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2644–2650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Joffre, M.

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907–2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kippelen, B.

Knöpfle, G.

F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kono, S.

S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 898–900 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 102–103.

Larkin, J.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191–3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, R.

R. Lemke, Chem. Ber. 103, 1894–1895 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

X.-C. Zhang, Y. Lin, and X. F. Ma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2764–2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. F.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

X.-C. Zhang, Y. Lin, and X. F. Ma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2764–2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Markelz, A. G.

A. G. Markelz, A. Roitberg, and E. J. Heilweil, Chem. Phys. Lett. 320, 42–48 (2000).

Martin, J. L.

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907–2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meerholz, K.

Migus, A.

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907–2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150–152 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358–1360 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata and T. F. Heinz, in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectronics, M. C. Nuss and J. Bowers, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 218–221.

Nuss, M. C.

M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy in Solids, G. Grüner, ed., Vol. 74 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 7–50.
[CrossRef]

Oh, M.-C.

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Orenstein, J.

M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy in Solids, G. Grüner, ed., Vol. 74 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998), pp. 7–50.
[CrossRef]

Pan, F.

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 25, 675–677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

Ralph, S. E.

S. E. Ralph and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rice, A.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, B. H.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, G.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Roitberg, A.

A. G. Markelz, A. Roitberg, and E. J. Heilweil, Chem. Phys. Lett. 320, 42–48 (2000).

Sakai, K.

S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 898–900 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 102–103.

Sandalphon,

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spreiter, R.

F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Steier, W. H.

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, K. R.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Szep, A.

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tani, M.

S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 898–900 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 25, 675–677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 102–103.

Tauser, F.

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191–3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tsap, B.

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weling, A.

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wong, M. S.

F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150–152 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358–1360 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yardley, J. T.

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358–1360 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. C.

P. Y. Han, G. C. Cho, and X. C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 25, 242–244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang and X. C. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2644–2650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 25, 675–677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049–3051 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

X.-C. Zhang, Y. Lin, and X. F. Ma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2764–2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (13)

R. Huber, A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, and A. Leitenstorfer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3191–3193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X.-C. Zhang, Y. Lin, and X. F. Ma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2764–2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907–2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121–123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358–1360 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150–152 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, C. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13–15 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, A. Szep, V. Chuyanov, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, B. Tsap, and H. Fetterman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3525–3527 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Ralph and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Kono, M. Tani, and K. Sakai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 898–900 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049–3051 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Ber. (1)

R. Lemke, Chem. Ber. 103, 1894–1895 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Comparison of the THz field amplitudes and spectra (inset) obtained from four types of emitter. The signal from the 139µm-thick two-layer polymer stack is virtually identical to the signal from the 250µm ZnTe crystal. For each case the sensor was a 2-mm-thick crystal of 110 ZnTe.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the THz field amplitudes and spectra (inset) obtained from three kinds of sensor. For each case the emitter was a 2-mm-thick crystal of 110 ZnTe.

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