Abstract

We report 99% pump depletion in single-pass second-harmonic generation. Quasi-cw pulses at 1550 nm were frequency doubled in an annealed proton-exchanged waveguide formed in periodically poled lithium niobate. Measurements of pump depletion and second-harmonic generation agree with results from numerical integration of the coupled-mode equations that describe the process.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, I. Brener, and M. M. Fejer, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83C, 869–874 (2000).
  2. K. Gallo and G. Assanto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 267–269 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157–2166 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Eimerl, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 575–592 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Taverner, P. Britton, P. G. R. Smith, D. J. Richardson, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 23, 162–164 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. C. Eckardt and J. Reintjes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1178–1187 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Eimerl, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1361–1371 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102–2116 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653–655 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Gallo, G. Assanto, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 314–316 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, T. M. Morozova, F. Caccavale, F. Gonella, and F. Segato, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 1838–1842 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, in LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), paper ThL 3.

2001 (1)

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 314–316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, I. Brener, and M. M. Fejer, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83C, 869–874 (2000).

1999 (2)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Gallo and G. Assanto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 267–269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157–2166 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

D. Eimerl, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 575–592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1361–1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

R. C. Eckardt and J. Reintjes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1178–1187 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Assanto, G.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 314–316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Gallo and G. Assanto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 267–269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Brener, I.

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, I. Brener, and M. M. Fejer, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83C, 869–874 (2000).

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Britton, P.

Byer, R. L.

Caccavale, F.

Chaban, E. E.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, I. Brener, and M. M. Fejer, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83C, 869–874 (2000).

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Christman, S. B.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 575–592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1361–1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V. A.

Fejer, M. M.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 314–316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, I. Brener, and M. M. Fejer, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83C, 869–874 (2000).

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102–2116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, in LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), paper ThL 3.

Fujimura, M.

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, in LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), paper ThL 3.

Gallo, K.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 314–316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Gallo and G. Assanto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 267–269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gonella, F.

Hanna, D. C.

Korkishko, Yu. N.

Kumar, P.

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157–2166 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurz, J. R.

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, in LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), paper ThL 3.

Li, R.-D.

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157–2166 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morozova, T. M.

Myers, L. E.

Parameswaran, K. R.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 314–316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, I. Brener, and M. M. Fejer, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83C, 869–874 (2000).

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, in LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), paper ThL 3.

Pierce, J. W.

Reintjes, J.

R. C. Eckardt and J. Reintjes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1178–1187 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Ross, G. W.

Roussev, R. V.

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, in LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), paper ThL 3.

Route, R. K.

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, in LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), paper ThL 3.

Segato, F.

Smith, P. G. R.

Taverner, D.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 314–316 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

D. Eimerl, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 575–592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckardt and J. Reintjes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1178–1187 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1361–1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, I. Brener, and M. M. Fejer, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83C, 869–874 (2000).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157–2166 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, in LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), paper ThL 3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated FWHM (solid curve) and peak conversion efficiency (dashed curve) as functions of normalized input pump power. The insets show wavelength-tuning curves at low (left) and high (right) conversion efficiency.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured low-power cw SHG tuning curve and calculation for an axially uniform waveguide with losses of 2αω=0.43 dB/cm and 2α2ω=0.59 dB/cm. The peak conversion efficiency is η=1400%/W.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured and calculated pump depletion and output second harmonic versus input power. Pump depletion of 99% is observed at an input power of 900 mW. All powers are peak values.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dAωdz=-jη0Aω*A2ω exp-jΔkz-αωAω,
dA2ωdz=-jη0Aω2exp-jΔkz-α2ωA2ω,
ηP2ωzPω0=tanh2η0Pω0z21/2=tanh2Γz,
dAsdz=-jη0A2ωAi*,
dAidz=-jη0A2ωAs*,
G=AiLAs02=η241-η.
η=I2ωLIω0=νb2 sn2ΓLνb,νb4,
νb=1Δk/4Γ+1+Δk/4Γ21/2,
DPω01-TωPω0TωPω00,

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