Abstract

An all-optical sampler consisting of a polarization-independent monolithic Mach–Zehnder interferometer with integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers and a temporal resolution of 1  ps is presented. As an example, a simple 320Gbit/s pattern has been successfully sampled, demonstrating the functionality of this scheme for high-bit-rate waveform characterizations in light-wave systems.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Verspecht and K. Rush, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 43, 347 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Davidson and K. L. Dessau, Photon. Spectra 9, 110 (1998).
  3. S. Diez, C. Schmidt, D. Hoffman, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, and H. G. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3821 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 39, 1152 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.
  6. S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Tajima, Jpn. Appl. Phys. 32, 1746 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Davidson and K. L. Dessau, Photon. Spectra 9, 110 (1998).

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, D. Hoffman, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, and H. G. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 39, 1152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Verspecht and K. Rush, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 43, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. Tajima, Jpn. Appl. Phys. 32, 1746 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bitter, M.

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Bornholdt, C.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, D. Hoffman, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, and H. G. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buxens, A.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Caraccia, M.

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Clausen, A. T.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Davidson, A.

A. Davidson and K. L. Dessau, Photon. Spectra 9, 110 (1998).

Dessau, K. L.

A. Davidson and K. L. Dessau, Photon. Spectra 9, 110 (1998).

Diez, S.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, D. Hoffman, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, and H. G. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Duelk, M.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Fischer, S.

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Fischer, St.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gamper, E.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Gini, E.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Girardi, R.

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, D.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, D. Hoffman, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, and H. G. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hunziker, W.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Jeppesen, P.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 39, 1152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Mori, K.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 39, 1152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 39, 1152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, H. N.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Puleo, M.

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rush, K.

J. Verspecht and K. Rush, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 43, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sartorius, B.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, D. Hoffman, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, and H. G. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 39, 1152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, C.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, D. Hoffman, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, and H. G. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

K. Tajima, Jpn. Appl. Phys. 32, 1746 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 39, 1152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Verspecht, J.

J. Verspecht and K. Rush, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 43, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, W.

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

Weber, H. G.

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, D. Hoffman, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, and H. G. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Diez, C. Schmidt, D. Hoffman, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, and H. G. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 39, 1152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Duelk, St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, M. Puleo, and R. Girardi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. Verspecht and K. Rush, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 43, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Tajima, Jpn. Appl. Phys. 32, 1746 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Spectra (1)

A. Davidson and K. L. Dessau, Photon. Spectra 9, 110 (1998).

Other (1)

S. Fischer, M. Duelk, M. Bitter, M. Caraccia, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, and A. T. Clausen, presented at the optoelectronics and communications conference OECC 2000, Chiba, Japan , July 2000.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the all-optical MZI SOA sampler. MMI’s, multimode interference couplers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Sampling gate FWHM widths of 2.8, 1.5, and 1.0  ps obtained by changing the control pulse delay (curves before deconvolution).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Setup for all-optical sampling (for simplicity, fibers and microscope objectives are not shown): AOM, acousto-optical modulator; BS’s, beam splitters; OPO, optical parametric oscillator; PD, photodiode; MMI’s, multimode interference couplers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

All-optically sampled waveform of a simple 320Gbit/s0110 pattern (before deconvolution).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calibration curve of the sampling response, demonstrating a linear regime for as much as 300-nW mean optical input power.

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