Abstract

Phase-matched second-harmonic generation is obtained in various LiInS2 crystals by use of the tunable picosecond output of the free-electron laser for infrared experiments (FELIX) as the pump source in the mid-IR range from 2.75 to 6.0 μm. Deviations from the phase-matching curve calculated from Boyd’s refractive-index data are observed. Furthermore, the optical damage threshold of the crystals has been measured to be 1.1. J/cm2 >6 GW/cm2 at the 5μm wavelength. LiInS2 holds great promise for parametric interaction in the 113μm range.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. D. Boyd, H. M. Kasper, and J. H. MacFee, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2809 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, and J.-J. Zondy, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 561–568.
  4. Ch. Ebbers, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif. (personal communication, 2000).
  5. D. Oepts, A. F. G. van der Meer, and P. W. van Amersfoort, Infrared Phys. Technol. 36, 297 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. See also http://www.rijnh.nl/felix .
  7. J. M. Auerhammer, A. F. G. van der Meer, P. W. van Amersfoort, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and E. R. Eliel, Opt. Commun. 118, 85 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

D. Oepts, A. F. G. van der Meer, and P. W. van Amersfoort, Infrared Phys. Technol. 36, 297 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Auerhammer, A. F. G. van der Meer, P. W. van Amersfoort, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and E. R. Eliel, Opt. Commun. 118, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

G. D. Boyd, H. M. Kasper, and J. H. MacFee, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2809 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Auerhammer, J. M.

J. M. Auerhammer, A. F. G. van der Meer, P. W. van Amersfoort, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and E. R. Eliel, Opt. Commun. 118, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, H. M. Kasper, and J. H. MacFee, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2809 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Dovlitova, L.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ebbers, Ch.

Ch. Ebbers, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif. (personal communication, 2000).

Eliel, E. R.

J. M. Auerhammer, A. F. G. van der Meer, P. W. van Amersfoort, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and E. R. Eliel, Opt. Commun. 118, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Isaenko, L.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, and J.-J. Zondy, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 561–568.

Kasper, H. M.

G. D. Boyd, H. M. Kasper, and J. H. MacFee, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2809 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Kavun, I.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lobanov, S.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, and J.-J. Zondy, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 561–568.

MacFee, J. H.

G. D. Boyd, H. M. Kasper, and J. H. MacFee, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2809 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Malakhov, V.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oepts, D.

D. Oepts, A. F. G. van der Meer, and P. W. van Amersfoort, Infrared Phys. Technol. 36, 297 (1995).
[CrossRef]

van Amersfoort, P. W.

D. Oepts, A. F. G. van der Meer, and P. W. van Amersfoort, Infrared Phys. Technol. 36, 297 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Auerhammer, A. F. G. van der Meer, P. W. van Amersfoort, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and E. R. Eliel, Opt. Commun. 118, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

van der Meer, A. F. G.

D. Oepts, A. F. G. van der Meer, and P. W. van Amersfoort, Infrared Phys. Technol. 36, 297 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Auerhammer, A. F. G. van der Meer, P. W. van Amersfoort, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and E. R. Eliel, Opt. Commun. 118, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vasilyeva, I.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vrehen, Q. H. F.

J. M. Auerhammer, A. F. G. van der Meer, P. W. van Amersfoort, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and E. R. Eliel, Opt. Commun. 118, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yelisseyev, A.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, and J.-J. Zondy, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 561–568.

Zondy, J. J.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J.-J.

A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, and J.-J. Zondy, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 561–568.

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

D. Oepts, A. F. G. van der Meer, and P. W. van Amersfoort, Infrared Phys. Technol. 36, 297 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd, H. M. Kasper, and J. H. MacFee, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2809 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. M. Auerhammer, A. F. G. van der Meer, P. W. van Amersfoort, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and E. R. Eliel, Opt. Commun. 118, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

See also http://www.rijnh.nl/felix .

A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, and J.-J. Zondy, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 561–568.

Ch. Ebbers, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif. (personal communication, 2000).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured Fourier-transformed IR mid-IR transmission of the uncoated 2.0-mm-long LiInS2 crystals. Solid curve, yellow sample; dotted curve, annealed rose sample. For more-detailed transmission–absorption spectra, see Refs.  2 and 3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measuring the SHG phase-matching angles in the 2.756.0μm range. Type  II eoe phase matching in the xy plane is used. From 3.75 to 6.0 μm the direct output of the FEL is used, and in the 2.754.0μm range the frequency-doubled FEL output (doubled in a 7-mm-long ZnGeP2 crystal; see Ref.  7) is used. LWP, long-wave pass filter; SWP’s, short-wave pass filters. The SH signal generated in the LiInS2 crystal is focused by a BaF2 lens onto the liquid-nitrogen-cooled mercury cadmium telluride detector (MCT).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured internal phase-matching angles for the (filled circles) rose and (open circles) yellow LiInS2 crystals. The curve is the calculated phase-matching curve based on Boyd’s refractive-index data (see Ref.  1). The filled triangles are measurements performed with a similar rose LiInS2 crystal, using a nanosecond optical parametric oscillator as the pump source (see Ref.  3).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured angular dependence of the normalized SH energy at a pump wavelength of 5.0 μm (filled circles) for the yellow crystal. The curve is the calculated angular dependence of a 2.0-mm-thick crystal based on Boyd’s refractive-index data (see Ref.  1).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Elemental Composition of the Crystals

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