Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel distributed fiber-laser pressure sensor. A transverse pressure position is located by determination of the free-spectral range shift induced by mode coupling in an intracavity polarization-maintaining fiber. We demonstrate that the stability and the spatial resolution of the sensor can be enhanced drastically by introduction of a novel mode-locking technique. Resolution of 54  cm in the 150-m range can be realized.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. D. Kersey, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Dakin and M. Volanthen, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 400 (2000).
  3. T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).
  5. M. Tsubokawa, T. Higashi, and Y. Negishi, Appl. Opt. 27, 166 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Kurosawa, S. Hattori, and T. Yoshino, Proc. SPIE 798, 36 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Saida and K. Hotate, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 484 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Kikuchi, R. Yamauchi, M. Akiyama, O. Fukuda, and K. Inada, Proc. SPIE 514, 395 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. P. Dakin and M. Volanthen, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 400 (2000).

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

1997 (2)

T. Saida and K. Hotate, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 484 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

K. Kurosawa, S. Hattori, and T. Yoshino, Proc. SPIE 798, 36 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Y. Kikuchi, R. Yamauchi, M. Akiyama, O. Fukuda, and K. Inada, Proc. SPIE 514, 395 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, M.

Y. Kikuchi, R. Yamauchi, M. Akiyama, O. Fukuda, and K. Inada, Proc. SPIE 514, 395 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Askins, C. G.

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dakin, J. P.

J. P. Dakin and M. Volanthen, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 400 (2000).

Davis, M. A.

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, O.

Y. Kikuchi, R. Yamauchi, M. Akiyama, O. Fukuda, and K. Inada, Proc. SPIE 514, 395 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

Hattori, S.

K. Kurosawa, S. Hattori, and T. Yoshino, Proc. SPIE 798, 36 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Higashi, T.

Horiguchi, T.

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hotate, K.

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

T. Saida and K. Hotate, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 484 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Inada, K.

Y. Kikuchi, R. Yamauchi, M. Akiyama, O. Fukuda, and K. Inada, Proc. SPIE 514, 395 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, Y.

Y. Kikuchi, R. Yamauchi, M. Akiyama, O. Fukuda, and K. Inada, Proc. SPIE 514, 395 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K. P.

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koyamada, Y.

A. D. Kersey, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurashima, T.

A. D. Kersey, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurosawa, K.

K. Kurosawa, S. Hattori, and T. Yoshino, Proc. SPIE 798, 36 (1987).
[CrossRef]

LeBlanc, M.

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Negishi, Y.

Patrick, H. J.

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Putnam, M. A.

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Saida, T.

T. Saida and K. Hotate, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 484 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

A. D. Kersey, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tateda, M.

A. D. Kersey, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsubokawa, M.

Volanthen, M.

J. P. Dakin and M. Volanthen, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 400 (2000).

Yamauchi, R.

Y. Kikuchi, R. Yamauchi, M. Akiyama, O. Fukuda, and K. Inada, Proc. SPIE 514, 395 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, T.

K. Kurosawa, S. Hattori, and T. Yoshino, Proc. SPIE 798, 36 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Saida and K. Hotate, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 484 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (2)

J. P. Dakin and M. Volanthen, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 400 (2000).

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

A. D. Kersey, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Horiguchi, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

Y. Kikuchi, R. Yamauchi, M. Akiyama, O. Fukuda, and K. Inada, Proc. SPIE 514, 395 (1984).
[CrossRef]

K. Kurosawa, S. Hattori, and T. Yoshino, Proc. SPIE 798, 36 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Distributed pressure sensor with a mode-locked fiber-ring laser. PC, polarization controller; Mod., modulator; BPF, bandpass filter; BW, bandwidth; Rec., receiver; RF-SA with TG, radio-frequency spectrum analyzer with a tracking generator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output optical spectra from the fiber-ring laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RF spectra when pressure is applied transversely at Ls=0 m, 41  m, 150  m. Solid curves, spectra with mode-locking signal; dashed curves, spectra without mode-locking signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Close-up of the RF spectra when pressure is applied transversely at Ls=29.0 m and 28.3  m.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

FSR=cnfLf+nsLs+nLa,
FSR=cBLs+nLcnL1-BLsnLFSR0-ΔFSR,
FSR0=c/nL,
ΔFSR=FSR0BLsnL=FSR0λLsnLBL.
LB=λ/B.

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