Abstract

Writing and reading of reflection gratings in films of an azo side-group polymer are reported. The gratings were induced holographically by use of an argon-ion laser at 488  nm. The measured diffraction efficiency was in the range 2–10%. To estimate the scattering of the reflected light within the material, we further characterized the gratings by calculating a characteristic transmission. A distinct minimum for this transmission was observed, which was redshifted farther from the writing wavelength for gratings written in 50μm polymer samples.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Ringsdorf and H. Finkelmann, Makromol. Chem. 179, 273 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. P. Shibaev, S. G. Kostromin, N. A. Plate, S. A. Ivanov, V. Yu. Vetrov, and I. A. Yakolev, Polymer Commun. 24, 364 (1983).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Anderle, R. Birenheide, M. Eich, and J. H. Wendorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 477 (1989).
  5. R. Macdonald, C. Schreiber, and R. Schulz, Proc. SPIE 3800, 2 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Shi, W. H. Steier, L. Yu, M. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1131 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. T. Zilker, T. Bieringer, D. Haarer, R. S. Stein, J. W. van Egmond, and S. G. Kostromine, Adv. Mater. 10, 855 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Macdonald, C. Schreiber, and R. Schulz, Proc. SPIE 3800, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. T. Zilker, T. Bieringer, D. Haarer, R. S. Stein, J. W. van Egmond, and S. G. Kostromine, Adv. Mater. 10, 855 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Y. Shi, W. H. Steier, L. Yu, M. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

K. Anderle, R. Birenheide, M. Eich, and J. H. Wendorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 477 (1989).

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

V. P. Shibaev, S. G. Kostromin, N. A. Plate, S. A. Ivanov, V. Yu. Vetrov, and I. A. Yakolev, Polymer Commun. 24, 364 (1983).

1978 (1)

H. Ringsdorf and H. Finkelmann, Makromol. Chem. 179, 273 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Anderle, K.

K. Anderle, R. Birenheide, M. Eich, and J. H. Wendorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 477 (1989).

Bieringer, T.

S. T. Zilker, T. Bieringer, D. Haarer, R. S. Stein, J. W. van Egmond, and S. G. Kostromine, Adv. Mater. 10, 855 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Birenheide, R.

K. Anderle, R. Birenheide, M. Eich, and J. H. Wendorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 477 (1989).

Chen, M.

Y. Shi, W. H. Steier, L. Yu, M. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dalton, L. R.

Y. Shi, W. H. Steier, L. Yu, M. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Eich, M.

K. Anderle, R. Birenheide, M. Eich, and J. H. Wendorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 477 (1989).

Finkelmann, H.

H. Ringsdorf and H. Finkelmann, Makromol. Chem. 179, 273 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Haarer, D.

S. T. Zilker, T. Bieringer, D. Haarer, R. S. Stein, J. W. van Egmond, and S. G. Kostromine, Adv. Mater. 10, 855 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, S. A.

V. P. Shibaev, S. G. Kostromin, N. A. Plate, S. A. Ivanov, V. Yu. Vetrov, and I. A. Yakolev, Polymer Commun. 24, 364 (1983).

Kostromin, S. G.

V. P. Shibaev, S. G. Kostromin, N. A. Plate, S. A. Ivanov, V. Yu. Vetrov, and I. A. Yakolev, Polymer Commun. 24, 364 (1983).

Kostromine, S. G.

S. T. Zilker, T. Bieringer, D. Haarer, R. S. Stein, J. W. van Egmond, and S. G. Kostromine, Adv. Mater. 10, 855 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Macdonald, R.

R. Macdonald, C. Schreiber, and R. Schulz, Proc. SPIE 3800, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nikolova, L.

Plate, N. A.

V. P. Shibaev, S. G. Kostromin, N. A. Plate, S. A. Ivanov, V. Yu. Vetrov, and I. A. Yakolev, Polymer Commun. 24, 364 (1983).

Ringsdorf, H.

H. Ringsdorf and H. Finkelmann, Makromol. Chem. 179, 273 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, C.

R. Macdonald, C. Schreiber, and R. Schulz, Proc. SPIE 3800, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, R.

R. Macdonald, C. Schreiber, and R. Schulz, Proc. SPIE 3800, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, W. H. Steier, L. Yu, M. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shibaev, V. P.

V. P. Shibaev, S. G. Kostromin, N. A. Plate, S. A. Ivanov, V. Yu. Vetrov, and I. A. Yakolev, Polymer Commun. 24, 364 (1983).

Steier, W. H.

Y. Shi, W. H. Steier, L. Yu, M. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stein, R. S.

S. T. Zilker, T. Bieringer, D. Haarer, R. S. Stein, J. W. van Egmond, and S. G. Kostromine, Adv. Mater. 10, 855 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

van Egmond, J. W.

S. T. Zilker, T. Bieringer, D. Haarer, R. S. Stein, J. W. van Egmond, and S. G. Kostromine, Adv. Mater. 10, 855 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vetrov, V. Yu.

V. P. Shibaev, S. G. Kostromin, N. A. Plate, S. A. Ivanov, V. Yu. Vetrov, and I. A. Yakolev, Polymer Commun. 24, 364 (1983).

Wendorf, J. H.

K. Anderle, R. Birenheide, M. Eich, and J. H. Wendorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 477 (1989).

Yakolev, I. A.

V. P. Shibaev, S. G. Kostromin, N. A. Plate, S. A. Ivanov, V. Yu. Vetrov, and I. A. Yakolev, Polymer Commun. 24, 364 (1983).

Yu, L.

Y. Shi, W. H. Steier, L. Yu, M. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zilker, S. T.

S. T. Zilker, T. Bieringer, D. Haarer, R. S. Stein, J. W. van Egmond, and S. G. Kostromine, Adv. Mater. 10, 855 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. T. Zilker, T. Bieringer, D. Haarer, R. S. Stein, J. W. van Egmond, and S. G. Kostromine, Adv. Mater. 10, 855 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Shi, W. H. Steier, L. Yu, M. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1131 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Makromol. Chem. (1)

H. Ringsdorf and H. Finkelmann, Makromol. Chem. 179, 273 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. (1)

K. Anderle, R. Birenheide, M. Eich, and J. H. Wendorf, Makromol. Chem. Rapid Commun. 10, 477 (1989).

Polymer Commun. (1)

V. P. Shibaev, S. G. Kostromin, N. A. Plate, S. A. Ivanov, V. Yu. Vetrov, and I. A. Yakolev, Polymer Commun. 24, 364 (1983).

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Macdonald, C. Schreiber, and R. Schulz, Proc. SPIE 3800, 2 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Chemical structure of the polymer PAC6,2.6

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Increase of reflectivity as a function of exposure time.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectrum of a hologram recorded in a 15μm cell with an intensity of 800 mW/cm2, compared with that of an unexposed polymer film.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reflection, absorption, and transmission of the polymer and the hologram.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Ratio of the transmitted intensities of gratings induced in 15- and 50μm polymer samples.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R+RS=ΔT+ΔA+R0.
T=T0TG.
T0T=1TG11-R+RS+A.

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