Abstract

We demonstrate the generation of high-energy pulses by using a low-repetition-rate Kerr-lens mode-locked laser. Repetition rates as low as 4  MHz were achieved with a long, multiple-pass cavity and a semiconductor saturable Bragg reflector. The laser generated pulses of 55-fs duration with a pulse energy of 48  nJ when it was mode locked in the net negative dispersion regime. Mode locking in the positive dispersion regime reduces instabilities and enables pulses to have durations of 80  fs and energies as high as 90  nJ. This is, to our knowledge, the highest pulse energy and the lowest repetition rate ever generated directly from a femtosecond laser resonator without cavity dumping.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 24, 411 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 24, 631 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Ramaswamy, M. Ulman, J. Paye, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 18, 1822 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. H. Cho, B. E. Bouma, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 24, 417 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.
  8. A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectroncis, Vol.  28 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper Tu6.
  9. B. Shaeffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, paper WLL160 presented at the 1999 Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Santa Clara, Calif., September 26–31, 1999.
  10. Y. Skiorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Herriott, H. Kogelnik, and R. Kompfner, Appl. Opt. 3, 523 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2068 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. A. Haus, Opt. Commun. 97, 215 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Proctor, E. Westwig, and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 18, 1654 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Y. Skiorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

1997 (2)

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

1991 (1)

1964 (1)

Angelow, G.

Bado, P.

Y. Skiorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bouma, B. E.

Brodeur, A.

B. Shaeffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, paper WLL160 presented at the 1999 Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Santa Clara, Calif., September 26–31, 1999.

Chen, Y.

Cho, S. H.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Florea, C.

Y. Skiorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallmann, L.

Haus, H. A.

Herriott, A.

Ippen, E. P.

Jan, W. Y.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Knox, W. H.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

Kompfner, R.

Krausz, F.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectroncis, Vol.  28 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper Tu6.

Lenzner, M.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectroncis, Vol.  28 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper Tu6.

Libertun, A. R.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

Matuschek, N.

Maynard, R.

Y. Skiorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

B. Shaeffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, paper WLL160 presented at the 1999 Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Santa Clara, Calif., September 26–31, 1999.

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Murnane, M. M.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

Paye, J.

Poppe, A.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectroncis, Vol.  28 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper Tu6.

Proctor, B.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, M.

Said, A. A.

Y. Skiorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, V.

Shaeffer, B.

B. Shaeffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, paper WLL160 presented at the 1999 Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Santa Clara, Calif., September 26–31, 1999.

Shelton, R.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

Skiorski, Y.

Y. Skiorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spielman, C.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectroncis, Vol.  28 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper Tu6.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stingl, A.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

Szipocs, R.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

Tsuda, S.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ulman, M.

Wei, Z.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Westwig, E.

Wiersma, D. A.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Winick, K. A.

Y. Skiorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, C. Spielman, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Skiorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. A. Haus, Opt. Commun. 97, 215 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (3)

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectroncis, Vol.  28 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper Tu6.

B. Shaeffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, paper WLL160 presented at the 1999 Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Santa Clara, Calif., September 26–31, 1999.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Ti:Al2O3 laser schematic with a pair of multiple-pass cavity mirrors with R=2 m radius of curvature. R1’s, 10-cm radius-of-curvature mirrors (Spectra-Physics); R2, 50-cm radius-of-curvature mirror (Newport); L1, 6.3-cm focal-length pump beam focusing lens; OC, 27%-transmission, 12.7-mm-thick output coupler (Spectra-Physics);d, mirror separation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Intensity autocorrelation trace showing a pulse duration of 55  fs assuming a sech2t intensity profile, (b) associated spectrum bandwidth of 14  nm from net negative dispersion KLM operation, (c) pulse duration of 80  fs assuming a sech2t intensity profile, (d) associated spectrum bandwidth of 19  nm from net positive dispersion KLM operation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Oscilloscope trace of a fast photodiode, showing a mode-locked laser pulse train of 4-MHz repetition rate of 250ns pulse separation.

Metrics