Abstract

We report computer-controlled femtosecond polarization pulse shaping where intensity, momentary frequency, and light polarization are varied as functions of time. For the first time to our knowledge, a pulse shaper is used to modulate the degree of ellipticity as well as the orientation of the elliptical principal axes within a single laser pulse by use of a 256-pixel two-layer liquid-crystal display inside a zero-dispersion compressor. Interferometric stability of the setup is not required. Complete pulse characterization is achieved by dual-channel spectral interferometry. This technology has a large range of applications, especially in the field of quantum control.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2000 (4)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Dorrer, N. Belabas, J.-P. Likforman, and M. Joffre, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Z. Zhuang, S.-W. Suh, and J. S. Patel, Opt. Lett. 24, 694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1 (1999).

1998 (3)

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 108, 10248 (1998).

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, M. D. Moores, N. M. Beach, J. L. Krause, and D. H. Reitze, Opt. Lett. 23, 1915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1995 (4)

1993 (1)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 8658 (1991).

1990 (1)

1940 (1)

K. Husimi, Proc. Phys. Math. Soc. Jpn. 22, 264 (1940).

Aseyev, S. A.

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 65, 779 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beach, N. M.

Belabas, N.

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 65, 779 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brumer, P.

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 8658 (1991).

Chériaux, G.

Corkum, P. B.

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dahleh, M.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dietrich, P.

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorrer, C.

Efimov, A.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Fujimura, Y.

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1 (1999).

Gerber, G.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 65, 779 (1997).
[CrossRef]

González, L.

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1 (1999).

Hoki, K.

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1 (1999).

Husimi, K.

K. Husimi, Proc. Phys. Math. Soc. Jpn. 22, 264 (1940).

Ivanov, M.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Y.

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joffre, M.

Kakehata, M.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, H.

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 108, 10248 (1998).

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krause, J. L.

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lepetit, L.

Likforman, J.-P.

Manz, J.

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1 (1999).

Meshulach, D.

Moores, M. D.

Nelson, K. A.

Obara, M.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsuki, Y.

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1 (1999).

Patel, J. S.

Rabitz, H.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reitze, D. H.

Rice, S. A.

S. A. Rice and M. Zhao, Optical Control of Molecular Dynamics (Wiley, New York, 2000).

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 65, 779 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, M.

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 8658 (1991).

Silberberg, Y.

Smirl, A. L.

Spanner, M.

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 65, 779 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suh, S.-W.

Takada, H.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Ueda, R.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. M.

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walecki, W. J.

Warren, W. S.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wefers, M. M.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wullert, J. R.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yelin, D.

Zhao, M.

S. A. Rice and M. Zhao, Optical Control of Molecular Dynamics (Wiley, New York, 2000).

Zhuang, Z.

Zuo, T.

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Appl. Phys. B 65, 779 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B Suppl. (1)

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S207 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1 (1999).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 108, 10248 (1998).

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 8658 (1991).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ivanov, P. B. Corkum, T. Zuo, and A. Bandrauk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2933 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Phys. Math. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. Husimi, Proc. Phys. Math. Soc. Jpn. 22, 264 (1940).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. A. Rice and M. Zhao, Optical Control of Molecular Dynamics (Wiley, New York, 2000).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup of the femtosecond polarization pulse shaper and (b) definition of elliptical parameters. The entrance telescope is used for adjustment of the beam diameter. The polarizer cube is rotated by 45° about the entering laser beam axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Top, intensity and phase and bottom, ellipticity and orientation of a polarization-shaped laser pulse as a function of time.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Husimi transforms for the 1-polarized and the 2-polarized components of the shaped laser pulse of Fig.  2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Quasi-three-dimensional electric-field representation of a complex polarization-modulated laser pulse.

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